Governance

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Governance

Addressing issues of democracy, dictatorship, corruption and poverty, our scholars and practitioners produce expert research and train civil society activists around the world.

Research Spotlight

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Global Populisms and Their Challenges

A white paper by the Stanford Global Populisms Project finds that established mainstream political parties are the key enablers of populist challenges—and the key solution.
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Protecting Electoral Integrity In the Digital Age

Today, free and fair elections, the primary expression of democratic will for collective government, are far from guaranteed in many countries around the world. Protecting them will require a new set of policies and actions from technological platforms, governments, and citizens.
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30 Years of World Politics: What Has Changed?

Francis Fukuyama argues that sustaining democracy will require rebuilding the legitimate authority of the institutions of liberal democracy, while resisting those powers that aspire to make nondemocratic institutions central.

Featured Scholars

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Larry Diamond

Senior Fellow at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies
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Larry Diamond

Senior Fellow at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies
Professor, by courtesy, of Political Science and Sociology
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Anna Grzymala-Busse

Senior Fellow at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies
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Anna Grzymala-Busse

Senior Fellow at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies
Director of The Europe Center
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Didi Kuo

Senior Research Scholar
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Didi Kuo

Senior Research Scholar
Associate Director for Research at the Center on Democracy, Development, and the Rule of Law
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Stephen Stedman

Senior Fellow at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies
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Stephen Stedman

Senior Fellow at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies
Deputy Director at the Center on Democracy Development and the Rule of Law

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Publications

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Books

Advances in Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Health Interventions

Alan M. Garber, AJ Culyer, JP Newhouse
North-Holland, in "Handbook of Health Economics", 2000 December 31, 2000

The 35 chapters of The Handbook of Health Economics provide an up-to-date survey of the burgeoning literature in health economics. As a relatively recent subdiscipline of economics, health economics has been remarkably successful. It has made or stimulated numerous contributions to various areas of the main discipline: the theory of human capital; the economics of insurance; principal-agent theory; asymmetric information; econometrics; the theory of incomplete markets; and the foundations of welfare economics, among others. Perhaps it has

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Books

Digging into the Effects of Managed Care on Health Care Delivery: Comments on the Papers by Feldman and Scharfstein and Meltzer, Hiltz, and Bates

Laurence C. Baker
University of Chicago Press in "The Changing Hospital Industry: Comparing Not-for-Profit and For-Profit Institutions", D. Cutler, ed., 2000 December 31, 2000

In recent years, the hospital industry has been undergoing massive change and reorganization with technological innovations and the spread of managed care. As a result, the total number of hospitals countrywide has been declining, and a growing number of not-for-profit hospitals have converted to for-profit status. These changes raise two fundamental questions: What determines a hospital's choice of for-profit or not-for-profit organizational form? And how does that form affect patients and society?

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Books

Comparing Hospital Quality at For-Profit and Not-for-Profit Hospitals

Mark B. McClellan, S. Staiger, David Cutler
University of Chicago Press in "The Changing Hospital Industry: Comparing Not-for-Profit and For-Profit Institutions", D. Cutler, ed., 2000 December 31, 2000

In recent years, the hospital industry has been undergoing massive change and reorganization with technological innovations and the spread of managed care. As a result, the total number of hospitals countrywide has been declining, and a growing number of not-for-profit hospitals have converted to for-profit status. These changes raise two fundamental questions: What determines a hospital's choice of for-profit or not-for-profit organizational form? And how does that form affect patients and society?

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Books

Health Care and Information Technology: Growing Up Together

Sara J. Singer, Alain C. Enthoven, Alan M. Garber
Springer-Verlag (New York) in "Medical Informatics, Computer Application in Health Care, Second Edition", Shortliffe, et al, editors., 2000 December 31, 2000
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Journal Articles

The Effects of Science on National Economic Development, 1970-1990

Evan Schofer, Francisco Ramirez, John Meyer
American Sociological Review, 2000 December 1, 2000

Expanded scientific activity is thought to benefit national economic development through improved labor force capacities adn the creation of new knolwedge and technology. However, scientific research activity expands as a global process and reflects the penetration of societies by a general rationalistic world culture.

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Journal Articles

The Global State of Democracy

Larry Diamond
Current History, 2000 December 1, 2000

The progress of democracy in the world over the last quarter-century has been nothing less than remarkable. . . . But if the reach of democracy is greater than ever, it is also thinner and more vulnerable.

Full article available with subscription.

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Working Papers

Internet in Turkey and Pakistan: A Comparative Analysis, The

Seymour E. Goodman, Peter Wolcott
CISAC, 2000 December 1, 2000

The Global Diffusion of the Internet Project was initiated in 1997 to study the diffusion and absorption of the Internet to, and within, many diverse countries. This research has resulted in an ongoing series of reports and articles that have developed an analytic framework for evaluating the Internet within countries and applied it to more than 25 countries. (See http://mosaic.unomaha.edu/gdi.html for links to some of these reports and articles.)

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Books

Silicon Valley Edge, The: A Habitat for Innovation and Entrepreneurship

Henry S. Rowen, Marguerite Gong Hancock, Chong-Moon Lee, William F. Miller
Stanford University Press, 2000 November 1, 2000

The enormous and sustained success of Silicon Valley has excited interest around the globe. Startup companies the world over are attempting to emulate its high tech businesses, and many governments are changing their institutions in order to foster Silicon Valleys of their own. What accounts for the Valley's leading edge in innovation and entrepreneurship?

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Commentary

Candidates' Views on Science, The

Donald Kennedy
Science, 2000 October 13, 2000

During each of the past several U.S. presidential elections, Science has posed questions about science policy to the major-party candidates. The editors have tried to ask hard questions that challenge the candidates and their staffs to develop thoughtful answers--responses that will not only help Science's readership evaluate their positions before the election but might clarify important science and technology issues for a much larger number of thoughtful Americans.

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Journal Articles

Power and Constraint

Stephen Krasner
Chicago Journal of International Law, 2000 October 1, 2000
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Working Papers

Political Change in Taiwan: Implications for American Policy

Richard Bush, Larry Diamond, Suisheng Zhao, Ramon H. Myers
Shorenstein APARC, 2000 October 1, 2000

Transcript of an address given by Richard Bush, chairman of the board and managing director of the American Institute in Taiwan, on May 24, 2000. Also included in this volume is the transcript of a roundtable discussion which took place on April 14, 2000, on Taiwan's historic elections. Three distinguished speakers participated: Larry Diamond and Ramon H. Myers, both senior fellows at Stanford University's Hoover Institution, and Suisheng Zhao, Campbell National fellow at Stanford's Hoover Institution.

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Policy Briefs

Civil Liberties and Security in Cyberspace

Ekaterina Drozdova
CISAC, 2000 August 1, 2000

Societies are becoming more dependent on computer networks and therefore more vulnerable to cyber crime and terrorism. Measures to protect information systems are receiving increasing attention as the threat of attack grows and the nature of that threat is better understood. The primary purpose of this article is to determine what legal standards should govern the use of such measures and what nontechnical constraints are likely to be placed, or should be placed, on them.

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Working Papers

How Much Is Enough? A Risk-Management Approach to Computer Security

Kevin J. Soo Hoo
CISAC, 2000 August 1, 2000

How much security is enough? No one today can satisfactorily answer this question for computer-related risks. The first generation of computer security risk modelers struggled with issues arising out of their binary view of security, ensnaring them in an endless web of assessment, disagreement, and gridlock. Even as professional risk managers wrest responsibility away from the first-generation technologists, they are still unable to answer the question with sufficient quantitative rigor.

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Working Papers

Kenyan IPP Experience, The

Anton Eberhard, Katherine Gratwick
Program on Energy and Sustainable Development Working Paper #49, 2000 August 1, 2000

Prior to the introduction of independent power projects (IPP), Kenya relied primarily on concessionary funding from multilateral and bilateral agencies to finance new power investments. In the 1990s, however, the global donor trend shifted toward private participation in infrastructure with concessionary funding being targeted at health and social services.

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Journal Articles

Africa's Scramble for Africa: Lessons of a Continental War

Jeremy Weinstein
World Policy Journal, 2000 July 1, 2000

The war in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), which began in August 1998, is unprecedented-at times involving armies from eight African states. Soldiers from Chad are fighting alongside regiments from Namibia, Angola, and Zimbabwe in defense of President Laurent Kabila. And on offense, the two main rebel groups, the Congolese Assembly for Democracy (which is known by the acronym RCD) and the Movement for the Liberation of Congo (MLC), are backed by troops from Uganda and Rwanda. As Susan E.

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Journal Articles

Is Pakistan the Reverse Wave of the Future?

Larry Diamond
Journal of Democracy, 2000 July 1, 2000

Pakistan's descent into authoritarian rule starkly depicts the "triple crisis of governance" that threatens many third-wave democracies. If these problems of governance are not addressed, a new "reverse wave" of democratization could be imminent.

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Journal Articles

Russian Democracy -- A U.S. National Security Interest

Michael McFaul, Sarah Mendelson
Demokratizatsiya, 2000 July 1, 2000

Russian democracy and American national security are intimately intertwined. This link is not new, but it is not well understood. When the cold war ended and Soviet communism disappeared, American national security was enhanced. If dictatorship returns to Russia, the United States and its allies will once again be threatened. Containment would likely be adopted as the guiding principle of American foreign policy. The United States could find itself in an arms race with Russia. We argue here that the connection of Russian politics and U.S. security needs to be clearer in the minds of U.S.

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Journal Articles

Russia Under Putin: One Step Forward, Two Steps Backward

Michael McFaul
Journal of Democracy, 2000 July 1, 2000

Russia's March 2000 presidential election represents one step forward and two steps back for Russian democracy. For the first time in Russia's history, power within the Kremlin has changed hands through an electoral process. The election not only took place but was conducted as constitutionally prescribed, no small achievement for a country with Russia's authoritarian history. More than two-thirds of the eligible voters participated, and they appeared to make informed choices among a range of candidates who offered competing platforms, policies, and leadership styles.

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Working Papers

Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty: Next Steps, The

Christopher F. Chyba, Thomas Graham, Jr.
, 2000 July 1, 2000

On July 19, 2000 the Center for International Security and Cooperation (CISAC) and the Lawyers Alliance for World Security (LAWS) gathered forty preeminent scientists, security experts, and political analysts for a Roundtable Discussion on the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty at Stanford University. The day-long seminar was intended to explore the diverse set of topics that arose during the October 1999 Sentate debate of the Treaty and to develop a consensus on steps that the United States should now take with regard to the CTBT.

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Working Papers

U.S. Experience with Managed Care and Managed Competition, The

Alain C. Enthoven
Presented at the Federal Reserve Bank of Boston's 50th economic conference, 2000 June 15, 2000

To understand "managed care," one needs to understand the traditional model of health care organization and finance that managed care was intended to replace. That model was aptly characterized "Guild Free Choice" by Charles Weller to indicate that "free choice" was being used as a restraint of trade to block the emergence of any form of economic competition among doctors. Its principles were: "Free choice of doctor at all times;" "free choice of treatment, i.e.

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Journal Articles

Elections and Power: The Locus of Decision Making in Chinese Villages

Jean C. Oi
China Quarterly, 2000 June 1, 2000

This article explores an important but neglected topic in the literature on democratization in East Asia: the international dimension of democratization. It presents a coherent and comprehensive analysis of the impact of external political, economic and cultural factors on China, South Korea and Taiwan's political development since World War II.

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Policy Briefs

Party Formation and Non-Formation in Russia

Michael McFaul
Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2000 May 1, 2000

A party system is an essential attribute of a democratic policy. No parties, no democracy. Despite the erosion of the influence of parties in old democracies and the difficulties of establishing new parties in new democracies, theorists still agree that parties and a party system are necessary evils for the functioning of representative government. In liberal democracies, parties perform several tasks. During elections, they provide voters with distinctive choices, be they ideological, social, or even ethnic.

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Working Papers

Opening Up to the World: India's Pharmaceutical Companies Prepare for 2005

Sean Eric Smith
Shorenstein APARC, 2000 May 1, 2000

In 2005, India will implement new intellectual property (IP) laws that recognize product patents on pharmaceuticals. Because India's 1970 Patent Act only recognizes process patents, Indian drug companies have been free to copy molecules from multinational companies (MNCs), to sell within India and other nonpatent conforming markets. New laws, such as the Exclusive Marketing Rights amendment to the 1970 Patent Act (ratified on April 19, 1999), will substantially alter this practice. This paper discusses what companies are doing to prepare for 2005 and beyond.

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Journal Articles

International Law and International Relations: Together, Apart, Together

Stephen Krasner
Chicago Journal of International Law, 2000 April 1, 2000
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