Governance

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Governance

Addressing issues of democracy, dictatorship, corruption and poverty, our scholars and practitioners produce expert research and train civil society activists around the world.

Research Spotlight

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Global Populisms and Their Challenges

A white paper by the Stanford Global Populisms Project finds that established mainstream political parties are the key enablers of populist challenges—and the key solution.
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Protecting Electoral Integrity In the Digital Age

Today, free and fair elections, the primary expression of democratic will for collective government, are far from guaranteed in many countries around the world. Protecting them will require a new set of policies and actions from technological platforms, governments, and citizens.
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30 Years of World Politics: What Has Changed?

Francis Fukuyama argues that sustaining democracy will require rebuilding the legitimate authority of the institutions of liberal democracy, while resisting those powers that aspire to make nondemocratic institutions central.

Featured Scholars

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Larry Diamond

Senior Fellow at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies
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Larry Diamond

Senior Fellow at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies
Professor, by courtesy, of Political Science and Sociology
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Anna Grzymala-Busse

Senior Fellow at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies
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Anna Grzymala-Busse

Senior Fellow at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies
Director of The Europe Center
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Didi Kuo

Senior Research Scholar
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Didi Kuo

Senior Research Scholar
Associate Director for Research at the Center on Democracy, Development, and the Rule of Law
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Stephen Stedman

Senior Fellow at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies
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Stephen Stedman

Senior Fellow at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies
Deputy Director at the Center on Democracy Development and the Rule of Law

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Publications

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Policy Briefs

Regional Efforts to Advance Democracy and Human Rights in Asia: APID, the PG20, and a Possible GGAIN

Donald K. Emmerson
The ASAN Institute for Policy Studies Issue Brief Series, No. 32, 2012 November 1, 2012

In a November 2012 issue brief published by the ASAN Institute for Policy Studies, Donald K. Emmerson examines Asia-Pacific organizations working to promote democracy and human rights in Asia.

He concludes with a discussion about what sort of Asian regional organization would be worth innovating to extend or deepen the reach of democracy in Asia.

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Journal Articles

After Obama's Victory at the U.S. Presidential Elections 2012: What Are the Perspectives? An Analysis from a European View

Prof. Dr. Raimund Krämer, Prof. Dr. Lutz Kleinwächer, Prof. Dr. Andrzey Sakson, Roland Benedikter
WeltTrends, 2012 November 1, 2012
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Books

Governing Security: The Hidden Origins of American Security Agencies

Mariano-Florentino Cuéllar
Stanford University Press, 2012 November 1, 2012

Description from Stanford University Press:

The impact of public law depends on how politicians secure control of public organizations, and how these organizations in turn are used to define national security. Governing Security explores this dynamic by investigating the surprising history of two major federal agencies that touch the lives of Americans every day: the Roosevelt-era Federal Security Agency (which became today's Department of Health and Human Services) and the more recently created Department of Homeland Security.

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Journal Articles

Does Having a Cadre Parent Pay: Evidence from the First Job Offers of Chinese College Graduates

Hongbing Li , Lingsheng Meng , Xinzheng Shi , Binzhen Wu
Journal of Development Economics, 2012 November 1, 2012
We estimate the wage premium associated with having a cadre parent in China using a recent survey of college graduates carried out by the authors. The wage premium of having a cadre parent is 15%, and this premium cannot be explained by other observables such as college entrance exam scores, quality of colleges and majors, a full set of college human capital attributes, and job characteristics. These results suggest that the remaining premium could be the true wage premium of having a cadre parent.
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Policy Briefs

La Geografía Electoral de 2012 (México)

Beatriz Magaloni, Alberto Diaz-Cayeros, Jorge Olarte, Edgar Franco Vivanco
México Evalua, 2012 October 10, 2012

On July 1, over 50 million Mexicans went to the polls to elect the next President of the Republic. The official count showed the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) candidate, Enrique Peña Nieto, as winning with 38.21% of the vote. He was followed by Democratic Revolucionary Party (PRD) candidate Andrés Manuel López Obrador, who received 31.59% of the vote and National Action Party (PAN) candidate Josefina Vázquez Mota with 25.41% of the vote.

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Journal Articles

Shifting Fiscal Control to Limit Cadre Power in China's Townships and Villages

Jean C. Oi, Kim Singer Babiarz, Linxiu Zhang, Renfu Luo, Scott Rozelle
The China Quarterly, 2012 October 8, 2012

In contrast to its decentralized political economy model of the 1980s, China took a surprising turn towards recentralization in the mid-1990s. Its fiscal centralization, starting with the 1994 tax reforms, is well known, but political recentralization also has been under way to control cadres directly at township and village levels. Little-noticed measures designed to tighten administrative and fiscal regulation began to be implemented during approximately the same period in the mid-1990s. Over time these measures have succeeded in hollowing out the power of village and township cadres.

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Journal Articles

The nature and causes of the global water crisis: Syndromes from a meta-analysis of coupled human-water studies

V. Srinivasan, Eric Lambin, S.M. Gorelick, Barton H. Thompson, Scott Rozelle
Water Resources Research, 2012 October 5, 2012

Freshwater scarcity has been cited as the major crisis of the 21st century, but it is surprisingly hard to describe the nature of the global water crisis. We conducted a meta- analysis of 22 coupled humanwater system case studies, using qualitative comparison analysis (QCA) to identify water resource system outcomes and the factors that drive them.

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Working Papers

Regional Perspectives on Human Rights: The USSR and Russia, Part Two

Betrand M. Patenaude
, 2012 October 1, 2012

Since 1991, there have been two major phases in Russian history, corresponding roughly to the decades of the 1990s and the 2000s.  Under President Boris Yeltsin (1991-1999), Russia attempted a rapid transition to a market economy and liberal democracy.  Economic “shock therapy,” the transition from a planned and centralized economy to a privatized market economy in one leap, proved to be traumatic for most of the population of the Russian Federation.  On the positive side, these initial years of post-Soviet Russia saw the creation of a new system of laws, a dramatic rise in political

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Working Papers

Regional Perspectives on Human Rights: The USSR and Russia, Part One

Bertrand M. Patenaude
, 2012 October 1, 2012

The Soviet Union advocated a conception of human rights different from the notion of rights prevalent in the West. Western legal theory emphasized the so-called “negative” rights: that is, rights of individuals against the government. The Soviet system, on the other hand, emphasized that society as a whole, rather than individuals, were the beneficiaries of “positive” rights: that is, rights from the government.

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Journal Articles

Land institutions and supply chain configurations as determinants of soybean planted area and yields in Brazil

Rachael Garrett, Eric Lambin, Rosamond Naylor
Land Use Policy, 2012 October 1, 2012

Soybean production has become a significant force for economic development in Brazil. It has also received considerable attention from environmental and social non-governmental organizations as a driver of deforestation and land consolidation. While many researchers have examined the impacts of soybean production on human and environmental landscapes, there has been little investigation into the economic and institutional context of Brazilian soybean production or the relationship between soy yields and planted area.

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Working Papers

Democracy, Political Parties, and Reform: A Review of Public Opinion in Yemen

Chris Miller, Hafez al-Bukari, Olga Aymerich
CDDRL Working Papers, 2012 October 1, 2012

Democracy, Political Parties and Reform: A Review of Public Opinion in Yemen,” by Chris Miller, Hafez al-Bukari and Olga Aymerich provides a rare glimpse into Yemeni public opinion. The survey data presented in the paper paints a picture of a population that is overwhelmingly supportive and enthusiastic about democracy as a mode of governance. At the same time, it highlights a lack of knowledge of basic electoral rights as well as options for institutional change.

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Books

China's Vision of World Order

Thomas Fingar, Thomas Fingar
National Bureau of Asian Research, 2012 October 1, 2012

China has benefited from the liberal international order led by the United States. However, China is uncomfortable with aspects of the current system and will seek to change them as part of a broader effort to reform global institutions to reflect its perception of 21st-century realities. One set of shaping factors—China’s assessment of the current world order—identifies much that Chinese leaders would be reluctant to change because they want to continue to reap benefits without assuming greater burdens.

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Books

Economic Justice: Philosophical and Legal Perspectives

Helen Stacy, Win Chiat Lee
Springer, 2012 September 27, 2012

The economic impact of the U. S. financial market meltdown of 2008 has been devastating both in the U. S. and worldwide. One consequence of this crisis is the widening gap between rich and poor. With little end in sight to global economic woes, it has never been more urgent to examine and re-examine the values and ideals that animate policy about the market, the workplace, and formal and informal economic institutions at the level of the nation state and internationally.

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Books

Will Threats Deter Nuclear Terrorism?

Martha Crenshaw
Stanford Security Studies, 2012 September 19, 2012

Book description:

During the Cold War, deterrence theory was the cornerstone of U.S. foreign policy. Following the 9/11 terrorist attacks, however, popular wisdom dictated that terrorist organizations and radical fanatics could not be deterred—and governments shifted their attention to combating terrorism rather than deterring it.

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Commentary

The Debt Crisis Consummates the End of the European Nation States

Roland Benedikter
Financial Times Germany, 2012 September 18, 2012

The debt crisis is clear: Smaller areas can be managed better than large nations. Therefore they should be autonomous - under the umbrella of the European Union.

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Policy Briefs

Deepening Democracy: A Strategy for Improving the Integrity of Elections Worldwide

Global Commission on Elections, Democracy and Security, 2012 September 1, 2012

Deepening Democracy, a report by the Global Commission on Elections, Democracy and Security, highlights global threats to democratic progress and identifies major challenges to delivering elections with integrity for countries to overcome.

The Global Commission on Elections, Democracy and Security, jointly established in 2010 by International IDEA and the Kofi Annan Foundation, aims to promote and protect the integrity of the electoral process, which is fundamental to achieving a more secure, prosperous and stable world.

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Journal Articles

Making China's Nuclear War Plan

John W. Lewis, Xue Litai
Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, 2012 September 1, 2012
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Journal Articles

The Election That Could Reorder South Korea’s Politics

Gi-Wook Shin
Current History, 2012 September 1, 2012

This year is one of elections and leadership changes throughout the Asia-Pacific region.
Earlier in 2012, Taiwan reelected President Ma Ying-jeou to a second term. North Korea and
Russia have already seen transfers of power this year; it will be China’s turn in the fall. The United States holds its presidential election in November. And South Korea will elect a president in December. Individually and collectively, these leadership changes hold crucial implications for Northeast Asian nations as well as the United States.

In this article, Gi-Wook Shin explores the possible implications of South Korea's upcoming presidential election.

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Journal Articles

Risk Factors for Unplanned Transfer to Intensive Care Within 24 Hours of Admission From the Emergency Department in an Integrated Healthcare System

Mucio Kit Delgado, Vincent Liu, Jesse M. Pines, Patricia Kipnis, Marla N. Gardner, Gabriel J. Escobar
Journal of Hospital Medicine, 2012 August 10, 2012

BACKGROUND: Emergency department (ED) ward admissions subsequently transferred to the intensive care unit (ICU) within 24 hours have higher mortality than direct ICU admissions.

DESIGN, SETTING, PATIENTS: Describe risk factors for unplanned ICU transfer within 24 hours of ward arrival from the ED.

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Working Papers

Defying Gravity: How Long Will Japanese Government Bond Prices Remain High?

Takeo Hoshi, Takatoshi Ito
The National Bureau of Economic Research, 2012 August 1, 2012

Recent academic papers have shown that the Japanese sovereign debt situation is not sustainable. The puzzle is that the bond rate has remained low and stable. Some suggest that the low yield can be explained by domestic residents’ willingness to hold Japanese government bonds (JGBs) despite its low return, and that as long as domestic residents remain home-biased, the JGBs are sustainable. About 95% of JGBs are currently owned by domestic residents.

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Books

The people want... Street art and power in the new Arab world

Lina Khatib
Newtopia: The State of Human Rights, ed. Katerina Gregos and Elena Sorokina, 2012 August 1, 2012
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