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Publications

Browse FSI scholarship on geopolitics, global health, energy, cybersecurity and more.

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Working Paper

Thomas Isaacs, Charles McCombie, Noramly Bin Muslim, Tariq Rauf, Atsuyuki Suzuki, Ellen Tauscher, Frank von Hippel
American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 2010

Introduction

With the recent attention to new nuclear power, the challenge of managing the spread of nuclear technology has increased. At the same time, the growth of interest in nuclear power can serve as an important opportunity to improve the related safety, security, and nonproliferation regimes. One such opportunity arises in the context of the back-end of the nuclear fuel cycle, and the concern over how to mitigate the spread of enrichment and reprocessing, as well as how to store and ultimately dispose of spent nuclear fuel.

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Journal Article

Donald Kennedy
Daedalus (Journal of the American Academy of Arts & Sciences), 2010
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Journal Article

David Lobell, J. Ivan Ortiz-Monasterio, Anna S. Lee
Field Crops Research, 2010

Improving crop yields in major agricultural regions is one of the foremost scientific challenges for the next few decades. In Northwest India, the stagnation of wheat yields over the past decade presents a distressing contrast to the tremendous yield gains achieved during the Green Revolution. One commonly proposed way to raise yields is to reduce the often considerable gap between yield potential and average yields realized in farmers' fields, yet the likely effectiveness of different strategies to close this gap has been poorly known.

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Journal Article

Karen Eggleston, Mingshan Lu, Congdong Li, Jian Wang, Zhe Yang, Jing Zhang, Hude Quan
BMC Health Services Research, 2010

Background: The literature comparing private not-for-profit, for-profit, and government providers mostly relies on empirical evidence from high-income and established market economies. Studies from developing and transitional economies remain scarce, especially regarding patient case-mix and quality of care in public and private hospitals, even though countries such as China have expanded a mixed-ownership approach to service delivery.

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Working Paper

Donald K. Emmerson
S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies Working Paper #193, 2010

The United States belongs to various organizations and networks that encompass countries on both sides of the Pacific Ocean.  The East Asia Summit (EAS) is not among them.  Should the US try to join?  This paper answers that question with a qualified yes:  Despite formidable difficulties affecting President Obama’s schedule of foreign travel, his administration should try to “ease” the US into the Summit, initially as a guest of the host country.  Eventually, pending a review of the EAS’s prior performance and future prospects, the administration may wish to upgrade that status to membershi

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Journal Article

Laurence Baker, David Hopkins
International Journal for Quality in Health Care, 2010

OBJECTIVE: Some argue that health plans have minimal impacts on quality of care and that quality data collection should focus only on physician organizations. We investigate the relative impact of physician organizations and health plans on quality measures.

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Journal Article

Gillian D. Sanders, Anaya HD, Asch S, Hoang T, Golden JF, Bayoumi AM, Douglas Owens
Journal of General Internal Medicine, 2010

BACKGROUND: The CDC recommends routine voluntary HIV testing of all patients 13-64 years of age. Despite this recommendation, HIV testing rates are low even among those at identifiable risk, and many patients do not return to receive their results. OBJECTIVE: To examine the costs and benefits of strategies to improve HIV testing and receipt of results. DESIGN: Cost-effectiveness analysis based on a Markov model. Acceptance of testing, return rates, and related costs were derived from a randomized trial of 251 patients; long-term costs and health outcomes were derived from the literature.

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Journal Article

C. Kwapil, J. Scharler, Josef Baumgartner
Managerial and Decision Economics, 2010
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Journal Article

Crystal Smith-Spangler, Jessie L. Juusola, Eva A. Enns, Douglas Owens, Alan Garber
Annals of Internal Medicine, 2010

Background: Sodium consumption raises blood pressure, increasing the risk for heart attack and stroke. Several countries, including the United States, are considering strategies to decrease population sodium intake.

Objective: To assess the cost-effectiveness of 2 population strategies to reduce sodium intake: government collaboration with food manufacturers to voluntarily cut sodium in processed foods, modeled on the United Kingdom experience, and a sodium tax.

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Journal Article

Jodie Trafton, Susana B. Martins, Michel M, Lewis E, Wang D, Combs A, Scates N, Tu S, Mary Goldstein
Pain Medicine, 2010

Abstract Objective. To develop and evaluate a clinical decision support system (CDSS) named Assessment and Treatment in Healthcare: Evidenced-Based Automation (ATHENA)-Opioid Therapy, which encourages safe and effective use of opioid therapy for chronic, noncancer pain. Design. CDSS development and iterative evaluation using the analysis, design, development, implementation, and evaluation process including simulation-based and in-clinic assessments of usability for providers followed by targeted system revisions. Results.

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Journal Article

Joseph A. Mikels, Lockenhoff CE, Maglio SJ, Laura L. Carstensen, Mary K. Goldstein, Alan M. Garber
Journal of Experimental Psychology Applied, 2010

Research on aging has indicated that whereas deliberative cognitive processes decline with age, emotional processes are relatively spared. To examine the implications of these divergent trajectories in the context of health care choices, we investigated whether instructional manipulations emphasizing a focus on feelings or details would have differential effects on decision quality among younger and older adults. We presented 60 younger and 60 older adults with health care choices that required them to hold in mind and consider multiple pieces of information.

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Journal Article

Jeremy Goldhaber-Fiebert, Stout NK, Goldie SJ
Value Health, 2010

Objectives: Model-based cost-effectiveness analyses support decision-making. To augment model credibility, evaluation via comparison to independent, empirical studies is recommended. Methods: We developed a structured reporting format for model evaluation and conducted a structured literature review to characterize current model evaluation recommendations and practices. As an illustration, we applied the reporting format to evaluate a microsimulation of human papillomavirus and cervical cancer.

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Journal Article

Crystal Smith-Spangler, Juusola JL, Enns EA, Douglas Owens, Alan Garber
Annals of Internal Medicine, 2010

Background: Sodium consumption raises blood pressure, increasing the risk for heart attack and stroke. Several countries, including the United States, are considering strategies to decrease population sodium intake.

Objective: To assess the cost-effectiveness of 2 population strategies to reduce sodium intake: government collaboration with food manufacturers to voluntarily cut sodium in processed foods, modeled on the United Kingdom experience, and a sodium tax.

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Book

Paul Kapur, Sumit Ganguly
Columbia University Press, 2010

In May 1998, India and Pakistan put to rest years of speculation as to whether they possessed nuclear technology and openly tested their weapons. Some believed nuclearization would stabilize South Asia; others prophesized disaster. Authors of two of the most comprehensive books on South Asia's new nuclear era, Šumit Ganguly and S. Paul Kapur, offer competing theories on the transformation of the region and what these patterns mean for the world's next proliferators.

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Working Paper

Gang He, Richard K. Morse
Program on Energy and Sustainable Development Working Paper #90, 2010

The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) is the leading international carbon market and a driving force for sustainable development globally. But the eruption of controversy over offsets from Chinese wind power has exposed cracks at the core of how carbon credits are verified in developing economies. It has become almost impossible to determine whether offsets from Chinese wind are "additional" and that they in fact represent "real" reductions beyond business as usual.

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Working Paper

Frank Wolak, Benjamin F. Hobbs, James Bushnell, Frank Wolak
Energy Institute at HAAS, 2010
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Journal Article

Sarah (Sally) M. Horwitz, chamberlain P, Landsverk J, Mullican C
Administration and Policy in Mental Health, 2010

Any comprehensive approach to children's mental health should consider services systems such as Child Welfare that provide services to children with high rates of emotional and behavioral disorders. This paper will review what is known about efficacious parent-focused interventions that can improve the lives of children in Child Welfare and explore possible reasons why such interventions are rarely used by Child Welfare agencies. Data from a pilot study suggest key features for increasing the implementation of efficacious practices to improve children's mental health.

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Journal Article

Arturo Casadevall, David Relman
Nature Reviews Microbiology, 2010
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Book

Yongshun Cai
Stanford University Press, 2010

Although academics have paid much attention to contentious politics in China and elsewhere, research on the outcomes of social protests, both direct and indirect, in non-democracies is still limited. In this new work, Yongshun Cai combines original fieldwork with secondary sources to examine how social protest has become a viable method of resistance in China and, more importantly, why some collective actions succeed while others fail.

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Journal Article

Sandra Penny, Gerard Roe, David S. Battisti
Journal of Climate, 2010

Feature-tracking techniques are employed to investigate why there is a relative minimum in storminess during winter within the Pacific storm track (the midwinter suppression). It is found that the frequency and amplitude of disturbances entering the Pacific storm track from midlatitude Asia are substantially reduced during winter relative to fall and spring and that the magnitude of this reduction is more than sufficient to account for the midwinter supression.

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Journal Article

Lynne C. Huffman, Brat GA, Lisa Chamberlain, Paul Wise
Academic Pediatrics, 2010

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to evaluate the impact of managed care on publicly insured children with special health care needs (CSHCN).

METHODS: We conducted a review of the extant literature. Using a formal computerized search, with search terms reflecting 7 specific outcome categories, we summarized study findings and study quality.

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