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Publications

Browse FSI scholarship on geopolitics, global health, energy, cybersecurity and more.

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Journal Article

Luiz Martinelli, et al.
Science, 2010

Is it possible to combine modern tropical agriculture with environmental conservation? Brazilian agriculture offers encouraging examples that achieve high production together with adequate environmental protection. However, these effective practices may soon lose ground to the conventional custom of resource overexploitation and environmental degradation.

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Journal Article

Dolor RJ, Ruybalid RL, Uyeda L, Edson RG, Ciaran S. Phibbs, Vertrees JE, Shih MC, Jacobson AK, Matchar DB
Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis, 2010

Prior studies suggest patient self-testing (PST) of prothrombin time (PT) can improve the quality of anticoagulation (AC) and reduce complications (e.g., bleeding and thromboembolic events). "The Home INR Study" (THINRS) compared AC management with frequent PST using a home monitoring device to high-quality AC management (HQACM) with clinic-based monitoring on major health outcomes. A key clinical and policy question is whether and which patients can successfully use such devices.

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Journal Article

H. Holly Wang, Shaomin Huang, Linxiu Zhang, Scott Rozelle, Yuanyuan Yan
China Agricultural Economic Review, 2010
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Book

Masahiko Aoki
Oxford University Press, 2010

The 2008–2009 financial crisis demands we look anew at the role of corporations, and the working of financial markets around the world. In this challenging and insightful book, one of our most eminent economists provides a compelling new analysis of the corporate firm; the role of shareholders, managers and workers; and institutional governance structures.

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Journal Article

Chung JH, Ciaran S. Phibbs, Boscardin WJ, Kominski GF, Alejandro Ortega, Needleman J
Medical Care, 2010

OBJECTIVE: To determine the adjusted effect of hospital level of care and volume on mortality of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants in the state of California, where deregionalization of perinatal care has occurred.

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Working Paper

Soumitra Ghosh
Asia Health Policy Program working paper #15, 2010

Out-of-pocket payments are the principal source of health care finance in most Asian countries, and India is no exception. This fact has important consequences for household living standards. In this paper the author explores significant changes in the 1990s and early 2000s that appear to have occurred as a result of out-of-pocket spending on health care in 16 Indian states. Using data from the National Sample Survey on consumption expenditure undertaken in 1993–94 and 2004–05, the author  measures catastrophic payments and impoverishment due to out-of-pocket payments for health care.

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Working Paper

Jakob Tolstrup
CDDRL Working Papers, 2010

This paper put forward a theoretical explanation of when and to what degree external actors matter in democratization.

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Journal Article

Siegfried Hecker, Sean Lee, Chaim Braun
The Bridge, 2010
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Working Paper

Qiong Zhang
Asia Health Policy Program working paper #16, 2010

Many researchers have concluded that longer life expectancies prompt increased investment in education, as a prolonged labor supply raises the rate of return on education. Besides explaining the empirical evidence behind this conclusion (at an absolute level), there is another issue to be discussed: does time spent in studying and working increase proportionally with higher longevity?

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Working Paper

Bart Lucarelli
Program on Energy and Sustainable Development, 2010

Over the past two decades, Indonesia's coal industry has transformed itself from being an unknown, minor player in Asia's coal markets to the world's largest exporter of steam coal. In what is likely the most detailed analysis of the Indonesian coal industry ever released, Dr. Bart Lucarelli tells the story of how Indonesia created this world-scale industry over two decades despite challenges created by widespread government corruption, a weak legal system, the Asian Financial Crisis of 1997, and the fall of the Soeharto government in 1998.

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Journal Article

Roland Benedikter
Journal for Interdisciplinary Research on Religion and Science, 2010

This article provides an analysis of the current relationship between Politics, Culture and Worldviews in the USA under Barack Obama. The present "great Obama divide" of US domestic politics consists in the division between institutional and contextual (cultural and worldview) politics. Obama has induced their current opposition when he run for the US Presidency by profiling himself as a "cultural" candidate "against the system".

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Journal Article

Linxiu Zhang, Hongmei Yi, Scott Rozelle
IDS Bulletin, 2010
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Journal Article

Marshall Burke, Edward Miguel, Shanker Satyanath, John A. Dykema, David Lobell
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2010

In a recent paper, we documented strong historical linkages between temperature and civil conflict in Africa (1). Sutton et al. (2) raise two concerns with our findings: that the relationship between temperature and war is based on common trends and is therefore spurious, and that our model appears overly sensitive to small specification changes. Both concerns reflect a basic misunderstanding of the analysis.

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Journal Article

T Kautz, Eran Bendavid, Jay Bhattacharya, Grant Miller
BMJ, 2010

Objectives To determine the relation between the HIV/AIDS epidemic and support for dependent elderly people in Africa.
Design Retrospective analysis using data from Demographic and Health Surveys.

Setting 22 African countries between 1991 and 2006.

Participants 123 176 individuals over the age of 60.

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Journal Article

Lisa Chamberlain, Jia Chan, Mahlow P, Lynne Huffman, Kristen Chan, Paul Wise
Pediatrics, 2010

OBJECTIVE Despite the documented utility of regionalized systems of pediatric specialty care, little is known about the actual use of such systems in total populations of chronically ill children. The objective of this study was to evaluate variations and trends in regional patterns of specialty care hospitalization for children with chronic illness in California.

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Journal Article

Richard Zeckhauser, Karen Eggleston, John Rizzo, Hai Fang
VoxEU.org, 2010

Understanding the relationship between female employment and fertility is a vital ingredient for effective population policy. This column presents new findings from China based on well over 2000 women between 20 and 52 years old. It finds that non-agricultural jobs for women reduce the number of children per woman by 0.64 and the probability of having more than one child by 54.8%.

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Working Paper

Steven Pifer
Brookings Institution, 2010

In the two months since the New START Treaty (Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty) was signed by Presidents Obama and Medvedev, critics have raised a number of questions about its terms and impact. So far, however, they have raised no substantive objection that could sink the treaty’s ratification prospects.

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Policy Brief

Mucio Kit Delgado, Ginde AA, Pallin DJ, Camargo CA
Academic Emergency Medicine, 2010

Objectives: Emergency departments (EDs) are increasingly proposed as high-yield venues for providing preventive health education to a population at risk for unhealthy behaviors and unmet primary care needs. This study sought to determine the preferred health education topics and teaching modality among ED patients and visitors.

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Working Paper

Robert Eberhart
2010

This study uses panel data to explore economic efficiency of corporate governance systems by examining the effects of cross-sectional differences among Japanese firms selecting one of two legal systems. The paper presents evidence that the adoption by Japanese firms of a shareholderoriented, more transparent, system of corporate governance creates greater corporate value in comparison to the traditional system of statutory auditors. The effect is not only significant, it is important in magnitude.

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Working Paper

Robert Eberhart
2010

This study explores the effects of cross-sectional and time series differences among Japanese firms selecting one of two extant corporate governance systems. The paper presents evidence that the adoption by Japanese firms of a shareholder-centric, more transparent, system of corporate governance creates greater corporate value in comparison to the traditional system of statutory auditors.

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Journal Article

Kimerling R, Street AE, Pavao J, Mark W. Smith, Cronkite RC, Holmes TJ, Frayne SM
American Journal of Public Health, 2010

We examined military-related sexual trauma among deployed Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom veterans. Of 125 729 veterans who received Veterans Health Administration primary care or mental health services, 15.1% of the women and 0.7% of the men reported military sexual trauma when screened. Military sexual trauma was associated with increased odds of a mental disorder diagnosis, including posttraumatic stress disorder, other anxiety disorders, depression, and substance use disorders.

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Journal Article

Lee CI, Tsai EB, Sigal BM, Sylvia Plevritis, Alan Garber, Rubin G
American Journal of Roentgenology, 2010

OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of incidental extracardiac findings on coronary CT, to determine the associated downstream resource utilization, and to estimate additional costs per patient related to the associated diagnostic workup.

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Journal Article

Grant Miller
Economic Journal, 2010

There has been considerable debate in the last decade about whether or not family planning programmes in developing countries reduce fertility or improve socio-economic outcomes. This article provides new evidence by studying the expansion of one of the world's oldest and largest family planning organisations - Profamilia of Colombia. It finds that family planning explains less than 10% of Colombia's fertility decline during its demographic transition.

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