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Browse FSI scholarship on geopolitics, global health, energy, cybersecurity and more.

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Journal Articles

Indian Reactions to the US Nuclear Posture Review

Paul Kapur
The Nonproliferation Review , 2011

By deemphasizing the role of nuclear weapons in US security policy, the 2010 Nuclear Posture Review (NPR) could lead India to slow or halt the growth of its nuclear weapons capabilities and to adopt a less assertive nuclear doctrine; however, the NPR is unlikely to have this effect on India's nuclear program. This is the case for two reasons. First, Indian leaders do not seek to emulate US nuclear behavior; they formulate policy based primarily on their assessment of the security threats facing India. Second, Indians do not think that the NPR augurs major changes in US nuclear policy.

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Journal Articles

The Post-Washington Consensus

Francis Fukuyama, Nancy Birdsall
Foreign Affairs , 2011

(excerpt) The last time a global depression originated in the United States, the impact was devastating not only for the world economy but for world politics as well. The Great Depression set the stage for a shift away from strict monetarism and laissez-faire policies toward Keynesian demand management. More important, for many it delegitimized the capitalist system itself, paving the way for the rise of radical and antiliberal movements around the world.

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Books

Spending Without Taxation: FILP and the Politics of Public Finance in Japan

Gene Park
Stanford University Press , 2011

Governments confront difficult political choices when they must determine how to balance their spending. But what would happen if a government found a means of spending without taxation? In this book, Gene Park demonstrates how the Japanese government established and mobilized an enormous off-budget spending system, the Fiscal Investment Loan Program (FILP), which drew on postal savings, public pensions, and other funds to pay for its priorities and reduce demands on the budget.

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Working Papers

Bigger is Better: Avoided Deforestation Offsets in the Face of Adverse Selection

Arthur A. van Benthem, Suzi C. Kerr
Program on Energy and Sustainable Development , 2011

Voluntary opt-in programs to reduce emissions in unregulated sectors or countries have spurred considerable discussion. Since any regulator will make errors in predicting baselines and participants will self-select into the program, adverse selection will reduce efficiency and possibly environmental integrity. In contrast, pure subsidies lead to full participation but require large financial transfers.

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Journal Articles

How Risky Is Nuclear Optimism?

Martin Hellman, Martin Hellman
Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists , 2011

This article argues that Congress should authorize and fund a National Academies risk analysis of nuclear deterrence. It also explains how risk analysis is able to tease much more information out of the available data – which clearly does not yet involve a failure of nuclear deterrence – than might first appear possible.

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Working Papers

Yemen Between Regime Survival and Systemic Change - English version

Abdul Nasser Al Muwaddah
CDDRL Working Paper , 2011

This paper explores the options facing Yemen and President Ali Abdullah Saleh in light of the protests calling for democratic reform in the country in early 2011.

The paper maps out and assesses possible options for President Saleh and proposes a potential roadmap as a way to resolve the crisis.

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Journal Articles

Direct Climate Effects of Perennial Bioenergy Crops in the United States

Matei Georgescu, David Lobell, Christopher Field
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences , 2011

Biomass-derived energy offers the potential to increase energy security while mitigating anthropogenic climate change, but a successful path toward increased production requires a thorough accounting of costs and benefits. Until recently, the efficacy of biomass-derived energy has focused primarily on biogeochemical consequences.

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Journal Articles

The Behavioural Economics of Exercise Habits

Jeremy Goldhaber-Fiebert, Alan M. Garber
VoxEU , 2011

Obesity – and its related illnesses – endangers the lives of millions across the world. While healthier, more physically active lifestyles can mitigate this, the question remains of how policymakers can get people to switch from being couch potatoes to keen runner beans. This column presents new evidence suggesting that for many even a nudge may suffice.

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Journal Articles

Numerical Modeling of Aquaculture Dissolved Waste Transport in a Coastal Embayment

Subhas K. Venayagamoorthy, Hyeyun Ku, Oliver B. Fringer, Alice Chiu, Rosamond L. Naylor, Jeffrey R. Koseff,
Environmental Fluid Mechanics , 2011

Marine aquaculture is expanding rapidly without reliable quantification of effluents. The present study focuses on understanding the transport of dissolved wastes from aquaculture pens in near-coastal environments using the hydrodynamics code SUNTANS (Stanford Unstructured Nonhydrostatic Terrain-following Adaptive Navier-Stokes Simulator), which employs unstructured grids to compute flows in the coastal ocean at very high resolution.

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Commentary

I relitti fascisti a Bolzano: Una questione di politica, arte e design

Roland Benedikter, Andreas Trenker
Il Corriere della Sera Milan, edizione Bolzano / Il Corriere dell'Alto Adige , 2011
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Journal Articles

Mapping Poverty in Rural China: How Much Does the Environment Matter?

Susan Olivia, John Gibson, Jikun Huang, Xiangzheng Deng, Scott Rozelle
Environment and Developmental Economics , 2011

A recently developed small area estimation technique is used to geographically derive detailed estimates of consumption-based poverty and inequality in rural Shaanxi, China. These estimates may be helpful for targeting since there is wide variability in poverty rates within Shaanxi but low levels of inequality within most counties and townships. We also investigate whether including environmental variables in the equation used to predict consumption and poverty improves upon typical approaches that only use household survey and census data.

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Commentary

The cost of climate policy uncertainty

Frank Wolak
The Guardian , 2011

Any mention of climate policy was noticeably missing from President Obama's recent state of the union address. This is unfortunate because every day of inaction on climate policy by the United States government is another day that American consumers must pay substantially higher prices for products derived from crude oil, such as gasoline and diesel fuel. Moreover, a substantial fraction of the revenues from these higher prices goes to governments of countries that the US would prefer not to support.

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Journal Articles

Which Households are Most Distant from Health Centers in Rural China? Evidence from a GIS Network Analysis

John Gibson, Xiangzheng Deng, Geua Boe-Gibson, Scott Rozelle, Jikun Huang
GeoJournal , 2011

In this paper we have two objectives - one empirical; one methodological. Although China's leaders are beginning to pay attention to health care in rural China, there are still concerns about access to health services. To examine this issue, we use measure of travel distances to health services to examine the nature of coverage in Shaanxi Province, our case study.

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Journal Articles

Climate volatility and poverty vulnerability in Tanzania

S.A Ahmed, N. Diffenbaugh, Thomas Hertel, David Lobell, N. Ramankutty, A. Rios, P. Rowhani
Global Environmental Change , 2011

Climate volatility could change in the future, with important implications for agricultural productivity. For Tanzania, where food production and prices are sensitive to climate, changes in climate volatility could have severe implications for poverty. This study uses climate model projections, statistical crop models, and general equilibrium economic simulations to determine how the vulnerability of Tanzania's population to impoverishment by climate variability could change between the late 20th Century and the early 21st Century.

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Working Papers

Innovation and Entrepreneurship: A first look at linkage data of Japanese patent and enterprise census

Kazuyuki Motohashi
REITI Discussion Paper Series , 2011

This paper presents the results of a comprehensive analysis of the innovative activities of the
entire population of Japanese firms by using a linked dataset of Establishment and Enterprise

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Journal Articles

Diagnostic Imaging for Low Back Pain: Advice for High-value Health Care from the American College of Physicians

Roger Chou, Amir Qaseem, Douglas K. Owens, Paul Shekelle
Annals of Internal Medicine , 2011

Diagnostic imaging is indicated for patients with low back pain only if they have severe progressive neurologic deficits or signs or symptoms that suggest a serious or specific underlying condition. In other patients, evidence indicates that routine imaging is not associated with clinically meaningful benefits but can lead to harms. Addressing inefficiencies in diagnostic testing could minimize potential harms to patients and have a large effect on use of resources by reducing both direct and downstream costs. In this area, more testing does not equate to better care.

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Journal Articles

High-value, Cost-Conscious Health Care: Concepts for Clinicians to Evaluate Benefits, Harms, and Costs of Medical Interventions

Douglas K. Owens, Amir Qaseem, Roger Chou, Paul Shekelle
Annals of Internal Medicine , 2011

Health care costs in the United States are increasing unsustainably, and further efforts to control costs are inevitable and essential. Efforts to control expenditures should focus on the value, in addition to the costs, of health care interventions. Whether an intervention provides high value depends on assessing whether its health benefits justify its costs. High-cost interventions may provide good value because they are highly beneficial; conversely, low-cost interventions may have little or no value if they provide little benefit.

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Books

Global Migration Governance

Alexander Betts
Oxford University Press , 2011

"Alexander Betts is one of a handful of scholars who have mastered the complex field of Global Migration Governance. This large and impressive volume covers the topic from every conceivable angle, and it gets the difficult mix of empirical analysis and policy recommendation right. As the global conversation about migration governance continues over the coming years, this work will remain the standard reference."--Randall Hansen, Research Chair in Political Science, University of Toronto 

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Journal Articles

Ten Years of Korean Studies at Stanford

Shorenstein APARC , 2011

To mark the tenth anniversary of its founding, Stanford's Korean Studies Program published Ten Years of Korean Studies at Stanford, a comprehensive overview of its globally recognized research, publishing, and programmatic activities; information about the wide range of leading scholars, government officials, and professionals involved with this ever-growing, vibrant program; and details about the significant Korea-related academic and library offerings that the program helps to support at Stanford University.

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Books

Social Banking and Social Finance: Answers to the Economic Crisis

Roland Benedikter
Springer Briefs , 2011

For over 2,000 years, banks have served to facilitate the exchange of money and to provide a variety of economic and financial services. During the most recent financial collapse and subsequent recession, beginning in 2008, banks have been vilified as perpetrators of the crisis, the public distrust compounded by massive public bailouts. Nevertheless, another form of banking has also emerged, with a focus on promoting economic sustainability, investing in community, providing opportunity for the disadvantaged, and supporting social, environmental, and ethical agendas.

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Working Papers

Authoritarian State Building in the Middle East: From Durability to Revolution

Sean Yom
CDDRL Working Paper , 2011

What accounts for variation in the durability of authoritarian regimes in the post-colonial Middle East?  This working paper presents a new explanation that underscores how the geopolitical environment mediated outcomes of domestic conflicts pitting early rulers against social opposition.

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