International Development

gettyimages international development

International Development

Experts in health, education, governance, energy and social justice collaborate to learn how different levers of action can impact communities.

Research Spotlight

wdj

Causes of Indonesia’s Forest Fires

New research features a 30,000-village case study of the 2015 fire season on Sumatra and Kalimantan and asks which villages, for a given level of spatial fire risk, are more likely to have fire.
pid 31574

Fateful Decisions: Choices That Will Shape China's Future

Experts provide a cutting-edge analytic framework for understanding the decisions that will determine China's trajectory.
getty images hispanic immigrants

Do Immigrants Assimilate More Slowly Today Than in the Past?

Using millions of historical census records and modern birth certificates, new research documents that immigrants assimilated into U.S. society at similar rates in the past and present.

Featured Scholars

fsi_bio

Lisa Blaydes

Senior Fellow at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies
close

Lisa Blaydes

Senior Fellow at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies
Associate Professor of Political Science
fsi_bio

Ertharin Cousin

Visiting Scholar at the Center on Food Security and the Environment
close

Ertharin Cousin

Visiting Scholar at the Center on Food Security and the Environment
fsi_bio

Alberto Díaz-Cayeros

Senior Fellow at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies
close

Alberto Díaz-Cayeros

Senior Fellow at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies
Affiliated faculty, Center on Democracy, Development and the Rule of Law
fsi_bio

Prashant Loyalka

Senior Fellow at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies
close

Prashant Loyalka

Senior Fellow at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies
Associate Professor at the Graduate School of Education

Upcoming Events

See all upcoming events related to our research on international development.

Publications

Filter:

Filter results Close
  • expanded
  • expanded
  • expanded
  • expanded
  • expanded
  • expanded
  • expanded
  • expanded
  • expanded
  • expanded
  • expanded
  • expanded
  • expanded
  • expanded
Working Papers

Impact of Relocation on the Total Factor Productivity of Hong Kong Manufacturing, The

Kai-Sun Kwong, Lawrence J. Lau, Tzong-Biau Lin
Shorenstein APARC and Pacific Economic Review, 2000 October 1, 2000

Originally published in the Pacific Economic Review, June 2000, volume 5, number 2. Reprinted with permission. Prior written permission is required for further use of this material. Hard copies of this reprint are available from Shorenstein APARC.

Show body
Working Papers

Turning Points in the Korean Space-Economy: from the Developmental State to Intercity Competition, 1953-2000

Mike Douglass
Shorenstein APARC, 2000 October 1, 2000

Territorial development processes and patterns in Korea from the 1950s have encountered four turning points. The first involved the reconstitution of the Korean nation state, which, following radical land reform, implicitly focused on the expansion of the Seoul Capital Region. The second came with the launching of strategies for export-oriented urban-industrial growth in the early 1960s, which led to the development, in the 1970s, of anurban-industrial corridor moving from the rapidly expanding metropolis of Seoul to thesoutheast coast, centered on Pusan and heavy industrial complexes.

Show body
Working Papers

Proposal for an International Convention on Cyber Crime and Terrorism, A

Abraham D. Sofaer, Seymour E. Goodman
CISAC, 2000 August 1, 2000

The information infrastructure is increasingly under attack by cyber criminals. The number, cost, and sophistication of attacks are increasing at alarming rates. Worldwide aggregate annual damage from attacks is now measured in billions of U.S. dollars. Attacks threaten the substantial and growing reliance of commerce, governments, and the public upon the information infrastructure to conduct business, carry messages, and process information. Most significant attacks are transnational by design, with victims throughout the world.

Show body
Policy Briefs

Civil Liberties and Security in Cyberspace

Ekaterina Drozdova
CISAC, 2000 August 1, 2000

Societies are becoming more dependent on computer networks and therefore more vulnerable to cyber crime and terrorism. Measures to protect information systems are receiving increasing attention as the threat of attack grows and the nature of that threat is better understood. The primary purpose of this article is to determine what legal standards should govern the use of such measures and what nontechnical constraints are likely to be placed, or should be placed, on them.

Show body
Working Papers

How Much Is Enough? A Risk-Management Approach to Computer Security

Kevin J. Soo Hoo
CISAC, 2000 August 1, 2000

How much security is enough? No one today can satisfactorily answer this question for computer-related risks. The first generation of computer security risk modelers struggled with issues arising out of their binary view of security, ensnaring them in an endless web of assessment, disagreement, and gridlock. Even as professional risk managers wrest responsibility away from the first-generation technologists, they are still unable to answer the question with sufficient quantitative rigor.

Show body
Working Papers

Kenyan IPP Experience, The

Anton Eberhard, Katherine Gratwick
Program on Energy and Sustainable Development Working Paper #49, 2000 August 1, 2000

Prior to the introduction of independent power projects (IPP), Kenya relied primarily on concessionary funding from multilateral and bilateral agencies to finance new power investments. In the 1990s, however, the global donor trend shifted toward private participation in infrastructure with concessionary funding being targeted at health and social services.

Show body
Journal Articles

Identifying best practices in dialysis care: results of cognitive interviews and a national survey of dialysis providers

Amar Desai, Bolus R, Nissenson A, Bolus S, Solomon MD, Khawar O, Gitlin M, Talley J, Spiegel BM
Clin J Am Soc Nephrol, 2000 July 1, 2000

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Because there is wide variation in case-mix adjusted outcomes across dialysis facilities, it is possible that top-performing facilities use practices not shared by others. We sought to catalogue "best practices" that may account for interfacility variations in outcomes. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: This multidisciplinary study identified candidate best practices in dialysis through a staged process, including systematic review, cognitive interviews, and a national "virtual focus group" of dialysis providers.

Show body
Journal Articles

Africa's Scramble for Africa: Lessons of a Continental War

Jeremy Weinstein
World Policy Journal, 2000 July 1, 2000

The war in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), which began in August 1998, is unprecedented-at times involving armies from eight African states. Soldiers from Chad are fighting alongside regiments from Namibia, Angola, and Zimbabwe in defense of President Laurent Kabila. And on offense, the two main rebel groups, the Congolese Assembly for Democracy (which is known by the acronym RCD) and the Movement for the Liberation of Congo (MLC), are backed by troops from Uganda and Rwanda. As Susan E.

Show body
Journal Articles

Russia Under Putin: One Step Forward, Two Steps Backward

Michael McFaul
Journal of Democracy, 2000 July 1, 2000

Russia's March 2000 presidential election represents one step forward and two steps back for Russian democracy. For the first time in Russia's history, power within the Kremlin has changed hands through an electoral process. The election not only took place but was conducted as constitutionally prescribed, no small achievement for a country with Russia's authoritarian history. More than two-thirds of the eligible voters participated, and they appeared to make informed choices among a range of candidates who offered competing platforms, policies, and leadership styles.

Show body
Journal Articles

Reinventing Russia's Party of Power: "Unity" and the 1999 Duma Election

Michael A. McFaul, Timothy Colton
Post-Soviet Affairs, 2000 July 1, 2000

Two specialists on Russian politics chronicle the formation and early development of Unity, the latest version of the "party of power" in Russian politics. Unity's unexpected success in the election of the State Duma in December 1999 helped assure Vladimir Putin's subsequent election as president and gave him a reliable base of support within the Duma itself. The authors draw on extensive interviews with participants to outline the motivations behind the creation of Unity and the campaign strategy it pursued in the fall of 1999.

Show body
Working Papers

Japanese Network State in U.S. Comparison: Does Embeddedness Yield Resources and Influence?, The

Jeffrey Broadbent
Shorenstein APARC, 2000 July 1, 2000

Scholars describe the East Asian--Japanese and South Korean--state as a network state that guides the private sector by means of embedded relationships (i.e., informal persuasive ties). In theoretical terms, these embedded ties represent informally institutionalized social capital. This study refines the network state thesis by comparing embedded ties with tangible resource exchanges in their effects upon political influence among political (organizational) actors in Japanese and U.S. labor politics.

Show body
Working Papers

Habitat for Entrepreneurship, The

William F. Miller
Shorenstein APARC, 2000 July 1, 2000
Show body
Journal Articles

Elections and Power: The Locus of Decision Making in Chinese Villages

Jean C. Oi
China Quarterly, 2000 June 1, 2000

This article explores an important but neglected topic in the literature on democratization in East Asia: the international dimension of democratization. It presents a coherent and comprehensive analysis of the impact of external political, economic and cultural factors on China, South Korea and Taiwan's political development since World War II.

Show body
Journal Articles

Globalization: Sources and Effects on National States and Societies

John Meyer
International Journal of Comparative Sociology, 2000 June 1, 2000

The world polity and cultural system are relatively stateless, but they legitimate strong nation-state identities as the dominant actors. This produces very strong tendencies for the adoption of common models of modernity, despite extraordinary differences in resources and local culture. Local distinctiveness is also legitimated, so long as it is not inconsistent with homogeneity on the main dimensions of stratification and identity.

Show body
Working Papers

Peri-Urbanization in Chengdu, Western China: From "Third Line" to Market Dynamics

Douglas Webster, Jianming Cai, Larissa Muller, Binyi Luo
Shorenstein APARC, 2000 May 1, 2000

Peri-urbanization in the Chengdu extended urban region is the subject of this discussion paper. Characteristics of peri-urbanization processes in East Asia in general, and China in particular, have been described in previous outputs of the Asia-Pacific Research Center (Shorenstein APARC) and Institute of Geographical Science and Natural Resource Research (IGSNRR) research team. In a nutshell, peri-urbanization refers to the dynamic process of physical and socioeconomic change beyond the contiguously built-up areas of large cities.

Show body
Working Papers

Opening Up to the World: India's Pharmaceutical Companies Prepare for 2005

Sean Eric Smith
Shorenstein APARC, 2000 May 1, 2000

In 2005, India will implement new intellectual property (IP) laws that recognize product patents on pharmaceuticals. Because India's 1970 Patent Act only recognizes process patents, Indian drug companies have been free to copy molecules from multinational companies (MNCs), to sell within India and other nonpatent conforming markets. New laws, such as the Exclusive Marketing Rights amendment to the 1970 Patent Act (ratified on April 19, 1999), will substantially alter this practice. This paper discusses what companies are doing to prepare for 2005 and beyond.

Show body
Journal Articles

Politics and Life Changes in a State Socialist Regime: Dual Career Paths into the Urban Chinese Elite, 1949 to 1996

Andrew Walder, Bobai Li, Donald J. Treiman
American Sociological Review, 2000 April 1, 2000

Recent research on career mobility under communism suggests that party membership and education may have had different effects in administrative and professional careers. Using life history data from a nationally representative 1996 survey of urban Chinese adults, we subject this finding to more stringent tests and find even stronger contrasts between career paths. Only recently has college education improved a high school graduate's odds of becoming an elite administrator, while it has always been a virtual prerequisite for a professional position.

Show body
Journal Articles

Amending the ABM Treaty

Dean Wilkening
Survival, International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2000 April 1, 2000

In deploying NMD, the challenge facing the US is to devise a package of incentives that will secure Russian agreement to amend the ABM Treaty. The most promising would involve US concessions in a future START III Treaty to accommodate Moscow's interests. In particular, the US could allow Russia to deploy multiple independently targetable re-entry vehicles (MIRVs) on mobile intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs), which are far less destabilising to the nuclear balance than many arms-control advocates assume. In addition,

Show body
Working Papers

What Will Make Chinese Agriculture More Productive?

Scott Rozelle, Jikun Huang, Justin Y. Lin
Chapter 14, pp. 417-449, in Nicholas C. Hope, Dennis Tao Yang, and Mu Yang Li (eds.), How Far Across the River? Chinese Policy Reform at the Millennium, 2000 April 1, 2000

The international community has long recognized China's effort to produce enough food to feed its growing population. Tremendous progress has been achieved in agricultural productivity growth, farmer's income, and poverty alleviation during the reform period. China's experience demonstrates the importance of institutional change, technological development, price and market liberalization, and rural development in improving food security and agricultural productivity in a nation with limited land and other natural resources.

Show body
Books

Valuing Nature

Lawrence H. Goulder, Donald Kennedy, W. G. Ernst
Stanford University Press in "Earth Systems: Processes and Issues", 2000 April 1, 2000

Earth Systems: Processes and Issues is the ideal textbook for introductory courses in earth systems science and environmental science. Integrating the principles of the natural sciences, engineering, and economics as they pertain to the global environment, it explains the complex couplings and feedback mechanisms linking the geosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, and atmosphere. An impressive group of internationally respected researchers and lecturers have brought together a vast wealth of teaching experience to produce this fully integrated environmental textbook.

Show body
Journal Articles

Antioxidant intakes and smoking status: data from the continuing survey of food intakes by individuals 1994-1996

Jun Ma, J Hampl, NM Betts
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2000 March 7, 2000

BACKGROUND: Cigarette smoking is a major risk factor for several chronic oxidative diseases that can be ameliorated by antioxidants.

OBJECTIVES: This study identified the typical dietary intakes and the major food group contributors of the antioxidants beta-carotene, vitamin C, and vitamin E by smoking status.

Show body
Working Papers

Impact on Global Warming of Development and Structural Changes in The Electricity Sector of Guangdong Province, China

Chi Zhang, Michael M. May, Thomas C. Heller
CISAC, 2000 March 1, 2000

This paper examines the impact on global warming of development and structural changes in the electricity sector of Guangdong Province, China, together with the possible effect of international instruments such as are generated by the Kyoto Protocol on that impact. The purpose of the paper is three-fold: to examine and analyze the data available, to put that data into an explanatory economic and institutional framework, and to analyze the possible application of international instruments such as CDMs in that locality.

Show body
Journal Articles

What Counts as History: A Cross-national and Longitudinal Study of University Curricula

David John Frank, Suk-Ying Wong, John Meyer, Francisco Ramirez
Comparative Education Review, 2000 February 1, 2000

Within the sociological and educational literatures, there is a dearth of comparative and longitudinal work on changes in university curricula. Systematic empirical studies are especially rare. This article addresses the gap with a study of university history curricula in many countries between 1985 and 1994.

Show body
Journal Articles

Debt Relief

Serkan Arslanalp, Peter Henry
Journal of Economic Perspectives, 2000 January 1, 2000

At the Gleneagles summit in July 2005, the heads of state from the G-8 countries - the United States, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia and the United Kingdom - called on the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the World Bank and the African Development Bank to cancel 100 percent of their debt claims on the world's poorest countries. The world's richest countries have agreed in principle to forgive roughly $55 billion dollars owed by the world's poorest nations.

Show body

Pages