Regional Expertise

Regional Expertise on display at Draper Hills event

Regional Expertise

In addition to the most pressing issues of the day, scholars at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies focus their research on many regions of the world, from Beijing to Brazil.

Research Spotlight

President Moon Jae In of South Korea during his inauguration proceedings.

South Korea's Democratic Decay

South Korea is following global trends as it slides toward a “democratic depression.” Both the spirit of democracy and actual liberal-democratic standards are under attack.
Cover of the book 'The Deer and the Dragon: Southeast Asia and China in the 21st Century"

The Deer and the Dragon: Southeast Asia and China in the 21st Century

Southeast Asian and Chinese perceptions of each other are examined using survey research and by asking whether China views the region as its “strategic backyard.”
Vincent Barletta book cover

Rhythm: Form and Dispossession

Author Vincent Barletta explores rhythm as a primordial and physical binding force that establishes order and form in the ancient world, as the anatomy of lived experience in early modern Europe, and as a subject of aesthetic and ethical questioning in the twentieth century.

Featured Faculty

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Karen Eggleston

Senior Fellow at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies
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Karen Eggleston

Senior Fellow at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies
Deputy Director, Shorenstein Asia-Pacific Research Center
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Scott Rozelle

Senior Fellow at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies
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Scott Rozelle

Senior Fellow at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies
Co-Director, Rural Education Action Program
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Beatriz Magaloni

Senior Fellow at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies
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Beatriz Magaloni

Senior Fellow at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies
Professor of Political Science
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Yong Suk Lee

Center Fellow at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies
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Yong Suk Lee

Center Fellow at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies
Deputy Director, Korea Program at the Shorenstein Asia-Pacific Research Center

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Publications

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White Papers

Sockpuppets Spin COVID Yarns: An Analysis of PRC-Attributed June 2020 Twitter takedown (TAKEDOWN)

Carly Miller, Vanessa Molter, Isabella Garcia-Camargo, Renee DiResta, David Thiel, Alex Zaheer
2020
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Journal Articles

How to Prevent and Manage Hospital-Based Infections During Coronavirus Outbreaks: Five Lessons from Taiwan

C. Jason Wang, Henry Bair, Ching-Chuan Yeh
Journal of Hospital Medicine , 2020

During the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) outbreak in 2003, Taiwan reported 346 confirmed cases and 73 deaths. Of all known infections, 94% were transmitted inside hospitals. Nine major hospitals were fully or partially shut down, and many doctors and nurses quit for fear of becoming infected. The Taipei Municipal Ho-Ping Hospital was most severely affected.

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Journal Articles

Beyond War and Contracts: The Medieval and Religious Roots of the European State

Anna Grzymala-Busse
Annual Review of Political Science , 2020

Where does the state come from? Two canonical answers have been interstate wars and contracts between rulers and the ruled in the early modern period. New scholarship has pushed back the historical origins of the European state to the Middle Ages, and focused on domestic institutions such as parliaments, universities, the law, inheritance rules, and cities. It has left open questions of the causes of territorial fragmentation, the structural similarities in state administrations, and the policy preoccupations of the state.

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Journal Articles

Left-Right Ideology and the Debate over International Bailouts: The Case of Grexit

Kirk Bansak, Michael M. Bechtel, Jens Hainmueller, Yotam Margalit
The Journal of Politics , 2020

What explains the sharp divide in European public attitudes toward Grexit? We explore this question using original surveys from four of the largest European economies. We contend that differences in economic self-interest, and the often-mentioned chasm between supporters of mainstream and extremist parties, provide little insight into the public divide over Grexit. Instead, we show that the key factor is the split between the left and the right. We then develop and test a set of theoretical explanations for the prominence of this cleavage.

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White Papers

“The World is Swimming in a Sea of Rumors”: Influence Operations Associated with El Fagr Newspaper (Egypt) (TAKEDOWN)

Renee DiResta, Tara Kheradpir, Carly Miller
2020

DOWNLOAD REPORT

On April 2, 2020 Twitter announced the takedown of a collection of data sets attributed to state influence operations in several countries. One of those datasets was attributed to actors within Egypt – specifically, accounts linked to the El Fagr newspaper. El Fagr has previously been named in coordinated inauthentic activity takedowns on Facebook and Instagram, which took down a network related to their pro-Egyptian government activity in October 2019.

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Journal Articles

China’s Challenges: Now It Gets Much Harder

Thomas Fingar, Jean C. Oi
The Washington Quarterly , 2020

The easy phases of China’s quest for wealth and power are over. After forty years, every one of a set of favorable conditions has diminished or vanished, and China’s future, neither inevitable nor immutable, will be shaped by the policy choices of party leaders facing at least eleven difficult challenges, including the novel coronavirus. 

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Journal Articles

“Nash-in-Nash” tariff bargaining

Kyle Bagwell, Robert W. Staiger, Ali Yurukoglu
Journal of International Economics , 2020

We provide an equilibrium analysis of the efficiency properties of simultaneous bilateral tariff negotiations in a three-country model of international trade. We consider the setting in which discriminatory tariffs are allowed, and we utilize the “Nash-in-Nash” solution concept of Horn and Wolinsky (1988). We allow for a general family of political-economic country welfare functions and assess efficiency relative to these welfare functions.

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Journal Articles

The effect of citizenship on the long-term earnings of marginalized immigrants: Quasi-experimental evidence from Switzerland

Jens Hainmueller, Dominik Hangartner, Dalston Ward
Science Advances , 2019

We provide evidence that citizenship catalyzes the long-term economic integration of immigrants. Despite the relevance of citizenship policy to immigrant integration, we lack a reliable understanding of the economic consequences of acquiring citizenship. To overcome nonrandom selection into naturalization, we exploit the quasi-random assignment of citizenship in Swiss municipalities that held referendums to decide the outcome of individual naturalization applications.

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Books

Ill Winds: Saving Democracy from Russian Rage, Chinese Ambition, and American Complacency

Larry Diamond
2019

From America’s leading scholar of democracy,a personal, passionate call to action against the rising authoritarianism that challenges our world order—and the very value of liberty

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Journal Articles

The Internet’s Challenge to Democracy: Framing the Problem and Assessing Reforms

Nathaniel Persily, Nathaniel Persily
2019

The Program on Democracy and the Internet runs the work of the Kofi Annan Commission on Elections and Democracy in the Digital Age which will produce guidelines to support democracies, particularly those of the global south. 

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Working Papers

Semiconductors and a Strategic National Technology Policy

Mark Long
2019

The current regulatory and legislative infrastructure is poorly suited to address the new challenges to U.S. leadership and innovation in key technology sectors. This paper uses the semiconductor industry as a case study to advance a proposal for a strategic approach to technology policy capable of enabling long-term leadership. This proposal, rooted in structural changes to the federal technology policymaking process, would allow the United States to respond more effectively to strategic technology policymaking of China and other rising economic competitors.

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Books

Stalin and the Fate of Europe: The Postwar Struggle for Sovereignty

Norman M. Naimark
Belknap/Harvard , 2019

The Cold War division of Europe was not inevitable―the acclaimed author of Stalin’s Genocides shows how postwar Europeans fought to determine their own destinies.

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Working Papers

In Search of Opportunity and Community: The Secondary Migration of Refugees in the United States

Nadwa Mossad, Jeremy Ferwerda, Duncan Lawrence, Jeremy M. Weinstein, Jens Hainmueller
SSRN , 2019

Each year the United States resettles thousands of refugees in pre-determined locations across the country. However, refugees are free to relocate upon arrival. Although this secondary migration can fundamentally alter outcomes for both refugees and the communities that host them, policymakers lack systematic data on this phenomenon. Using novel administrative data covering all adult refugees resettled between 2000 and 2014 (N≈447,000), we provide a comprehensive analysis of secondary migration patterns.

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Commentary

The Great Anti-China Tech Alliance

Andrew Grotto, Martin Schallbruch, Andrew Grotto
2019

In these early days of the regulatory renaissance for digital technologies, China, Europe, and the United States are competing over whose image will be most reflected in market-defining rules and norms. Despite new lows in the trans-Atlantic relationship in the era of Trump, Europe and the United States still have far more in common with each other about how technology should be developed, deployed, and regulated than they do with China.

 

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Journal Articles

Standardizing the fee-waiver application increased naturalization rates of low-income immigrants

Vasil Yasenov, Michael Hotard, Duncan Lawrence, Jens Hainmueller, David Laitin
PNAS , 2019

The problem of low naturalization rates in the United States has entered policymakers’ agendas in light of the societal gains associated with citizenship and an increasing number of foreign-born residents. Nevertheless, there is little evidence on what policy interventions work best to increase naturalization rates. In this research, we show that the standardization of the fee waiver for citizenship applications in 2010 raised naturalization rates among low-income immigrants.

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Journal Articles

The containment of the Islamic State: A realist case to engage a hybrid actor

Jodok Troy
Contemporary Security Policy , 2019

Next to military means, causing disruption and interdiction, Western and local powers also relied on policies of containment to halt the expansion of the Islamic State’s territorial strongholds. Yet, a Cold War state-based strategy of containment seems not apt to counter a transformed Islamic State. This article, first, examines why containing the Islamic State was successful in the past.

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Working Papers

IMMIGRATION AND POPULISM IN CANADA, AUSTRALIA, AND THE UNITED STATES

Francis Fukuyama, Francis Fukuyama, Naz Gocek
2019

In the second decade of the 21st century, the world experienced the rise of a global populist movement built around ethnic nationalism and hostility to foreigners and immigration. This movement has been led by the United States after the election of Donald J. Trump as President in 2016, and today includes leaders in Turkey, Hungary, Poland, Italy, Brazil, and a host of parties throughout Europe that challenge the liberal international order. Canada, Australia, and the United States are three former British colonies that were settled by successive waves of immigrants from abroad.

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Books

African States Since Independence: Order, Development, and Democracy (Castle Lecture Series)

Darin Christensen, David Laitin
Yale University Press , 2019

Authors Christensen and Laitin argue that an interplay of geographic, historical, and demographic factors undergird sub‑Saharan states’ post‑independence struggles to eradicate poverty, establish democratic accountability, and quell civil unrest. They set out the founding fathers’ challenges in transforming their postcolonial states, many of which are ethnically diverse, geographically diffuse, sparsely populated, and lacking in administrative capacity.

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Journal Articles

Forty Years of Formal—but Not yet Normal—Relations

Thomas Fingar
China International Strategy Review , 2019

Ties between individuals and institutions in the United States and the People’s Republic of China have become broader, deeper, and stronger during the four decades since the establishment of formal diplomatic relations in 1979 and the relationship can no longer be described as fragile. However, it also cannot yet be considered a normal relationship, at least not from the perspective of American citizens, companies, and commentators on international affairs. The relationship between the two largest economies and military powers has many asymmetries.

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