Regional Expertise

Regional Expertise on display at Draper Hills event

Regional Expertise

In addition to the most pressing issues of the day, scholars at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies focus their research on many regions of the world, from Beijing to Brazil.

Research Spotlight

President Moon Jae In of South Korea during his inauguration proceedings.

South Korea's Democratic Decay

South Korea is following global trends as it slides toward a “democratic depression.” Both the spirit of democracy and actual liberal-democratic standards are under attack.
Cover of the book 'The Deer and the Dragon: Southeast Asia and China in the 21st Century"

The Deer and the Dragon: Southeast Asia and China in the 21st Century

Southeast Asian and Chinese perceptions of each other are examined using survey research and by asking whether China views the region as its “strategic backyard.”
Vincent Barletta book cover

Rhythm: Form and Dispossession

Author Vincent Barletta explores rhythm as a primordial and physical binding force that establishes order and form in the ancient world, as the anatomy of lived experience in early modern Europe, and as a subject of aesthetic and ethical questioning in the twentieth century.

Featured Faculty

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Karen Eggleston

Senior Fellow at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies
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Karen Eggleston

Senior Fellow at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies
Deputy Director, Shorenstein Asia-Pacific Research Center
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Scott Rozelle

Senior Fellow at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies
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Scott Rozelle

Senior Fellow at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies
Co-Director, Rural Education Action Program
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Beatriz Magaloni

Senior Fellow at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies
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Beatriz Magaloni

Senior Fellow at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies
Professor of Political Science
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Yong Suk Lee

Center Fellow at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies
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Yong Suk Lee

Center Fellow at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies
Deputy Director, Korea Program at the Shorenstein Asia-Pacific Research Center

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Publications

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Journal Article

North Korea in 2018: Kim’s Summit Diplomacy

Gi-Wook Shin, Rennie Moon
Asian Survey , 2019
Kim Jong-un showcased a series of summit meetings throughout 2018, including the first-ever meeting of a North Korean leader with a sitting US president. North Korea improved its strained relations with China and South Korea. The country’s denuclearization has yet to be seen, but these events sparked considerable debate about the future.
 
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Book

State of Repression Iraq under Saddam Hussein

Lisa Blaydes,
2019

A new account of modern Iraqi politics that overturns the conventional wisdom about its sectarian divisions

How did Iraq become one of the most repressive dictatorships of the late twentieth century? The conventional wisdom about Iraq's modern political history is that the country was doomed by its diverse social fabric. But in State of Repression, Lisa Blaydes challenges this belief by showing that the country's breakdown was far from inevitable. At the same time, she offers a new way of understanding the behavior of other authoritarian regimes and their populations.

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Journal Article

Chinese Influence & American Interests: Promoting Constructive Vigilance

Larry Diamond,
2018

For three and a half decades following the end of the Maoist era, China adhered to Deng Xiaoping’s policies of “reform and opening to the outside world” and “peaceful development.” After Deng retired as paramount leader, these principles continued to guide China’s international behavior in the leadership eras of Jiang Zemin and Hu Jintao.

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Journal Article

From Denial to Punishment: The Security Dilemma and Changes in India’s Military Strategy towards China

Yogesh Joshi,
2018

This article argues that China’s rise and its growing military power have intensified the Sino-Indian security dilemma. For a long time after the 1962 war, India’s military posture along the India–China border was mostly defensive in nature and could be characterized as imposing “deterrence by denial.” However, over the last decade, China’s growth trajectory coupled with rapid modernization of its military called into question the efficacy of this approach.

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Policy Brief

Break Through: Women in Silicon Valley, Womenomics in Japan Final Report

Japan Program at the Shorenstein Asia-Pacific Research Center , 2018

On August 9, 2018, the Shorenstein Asia Pacific Research Center (APARC) hosted a conference, “Break Through: Women in Silicon Valley, Womenomics in Japan" with support from the Acceleration Program in Tokyo for Women (APT).

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Journal Article

The long-term impact of employment bans on the economic integration of refugees

Moritz Marbach, Jens Hainmueller, Dominik Hangartner
Science Advances , 2018

Many European countries impose employment bans that prevent asylum seekers from entering the local labor market for a certain waiting period upon arrival. We provide evidence on the long-term effects of these employment bans on the subsequent economic integration of refugees. We leverage a natural experiment in Germany, where a court ruling prompted a reduction in the length of the employment ban.

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Journal Article

Determinants of refugee naturalization in the United States

Nadwa Mossaad, Jeremy Ferwerda, Duncan Lawrence, Jeremy M. Weinstein, Jens Hainmueller
PNAS , 2018

The United States operates the world’s largest refugee resettlement program. However, there is almost no systematic evidence on whether refugees successfully integrate into American society over the long run. We address this gap by drawing on linked administrative data to directly measure a long-term integration outcome: naturalization rates. Assessing the full population of refugees resettled between 2000 and 2010, we find that refugees naturalize at high rates: 66% achieved citizenship by 2015.

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Journal Article

Civil Wars & Global Disorder: Threats & Opportunities

Karl Eikenberry, Stephen D. Krasner
Dædalus , 2018

There are some thirty ongoing civil wars – Syria, Afghanistan, and Iraq among the high-profile case

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Journal Article

Armed conflict and child mortality in Africa: a geospatial analysis

Zachary Wagner, Sam Heft-Neal, Zulfiqar A Bhutta,Robert E Black, Marshall Burke, Eran Bendavid
The Lancet , 2018

The extent to which armed conflicts—events such as civil wars, rebellions, and interstate conflicts—are an important driver of child mortality is unclear. While young children are rarely direct combatants in armed conflict, the violent and destructive nature of such events might harm vulnerable populations residing in conflict-affected areas. A 2017 review estimated that deaths of individuals not involved in combat outnumber deaths of those directly involved in the conflict, often more than five to one.

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Policy Brief

Taiwan's Place in the Evolving Security Environment of East Asia

Kharis Templeman, Ph.D., (with the support of U.S.-Asia Security Initiative: Karl Eikenberry , and Belinda A. Yeomans)
2018

In March 2018 the Taiwan Democracy and Security Project, a part of the U.S.-Asia Security Initiative at Stanford University’s Shorenstein Asia- Pacific Research Center, convened a workshop that examined Taiwan’s place in the evolving security environment of East Asia. Participants from the United States, Taiwan, and elsewhere in Asia were experts on a wide array of economic, diplomatic, and security topics.

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Journal Article

Oregon’s Expansion of Prenatal Care Improved Utilization Among Immigrant Women

Jonas J. Swartz, Jens Hainmueller, Duncan Lawrence, Maria I. Rodriguez
Maternal and Child Health Journal , 2018

Objectives To determine whether expanding Emergency Medicaid to cover prenatal care in Oregon affected maternal health outcomes for unauthorized immigrants. Methods This study takes place in Oregon from 2003 to 2015 and includes all Emergency Medicaid and Medicaid claims for women aged 12–51 with a pregnancy related claim. To isolate the effect of expanding access to prenatal care, we utilized a difference-in-differences approach that exploits the staggered rollout of the prenatal care program. The primary outcome was a composite measure of severe maternal morbidity and mortality.

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Book

Manipulating Globalization: The Influence of Bureaucrats on Business in China

Chen, Ling
2018

The era of globalization saw China emerge as the world's manufacturing titan. However, the "made in China" model—with its reliance on cheap labor and thin profits—has begun to wane. Beginning in the 2000s, the Chinese state shifted from attracting foreign investment to promoting the technological competitiveness of domestic firms. This shift caused tensions between winners and losers, leading local bureaucrats to compete for resources in government budget, funding, and tax breaks.

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Book

Japan Decides 2017: The Japanese General Election (Book Chapter)

Kenji E. Kushida, Kenji Kushida, Robert J. Pekkanen, Steven R. Reed, Ethan Scheiner, Daniel M. Smith, Et al.
2018

This third volume in the Japan Decides series remains the premier venue for scholarly research on Japanese elections. Spotlighting the 2017 general election, the contributors discuss the election results, party politics, coalition politics with Komeito, the cabinet, constitutional revision, new opposition parties, and Abenomics. Additionally, the volume looks at campaigning, public opinion, media, gender issues and representation, North Korea and security issues, inequality, immigration and cabinet scandals.

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Journal Article

Xi Jinping Stresses Cooperation and Power – Enduring Contradiction?

Robert G Stutter, Chin-Hao Huang
Comparative Connections , 2018

Supported by Chinese officials and authoritative commentary, President Xi Jinping continued a moderate and cooperative posture toward Southeast Asia in early 2018, reaching a highpoint in Xi’s keynote address on April 10 at the annual Boao Forum for Asia in Hainan Province. Then, the posture switched dramatically to the surprise of many at home and abroad. On April 12, Xi appeared in military uniform addressing troops in the South China Sea participating in the largest naval review in China’s history.

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Journal Article

‘The Pope’s own hand outstretched’: Holy See diplomacy as a hybrid mode of diplomatic agency

Jodok Troy
The British Journal of Politics and International Relations , 2018

The unconventional nature of Holy See diplomats rests in the composite character of their ecclesiastical role as the Pope’s representatives and their legal diplomatic status and commencement to ordinary diplomatic practice. Holy See diplomacy is a form of conduct created by a set of mixed secular and religious standards in which agents are guided by practices. I locate this argument within a classical English School and a conventional understanding of practice, diplomacy, and agency while incorporating understandings of the diplomat as a stranger.

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Journal Article

American Foreign Policy in Transition: From Cold War Consensus to Controversy and Confusion

Thomas Fingar
2018

In a new article for Contemporary American Review, Shorenstein APARC Distinguished Fellow Thomas Fingar examines how, twenty-five years after the demise of the Soviet Union, Americans are still struggling to understand and adjust to the costs and consequences of success. Since 1991, diplomats, military professionals, and others showed an inclination towards the same approach to international affairs that brought success in the Cold War. The result was a foreign policy both stable and predictable. Under the Trump administration, however, this no longer appears to be the case.
 

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Book

From Cold War to Hot Peace: An American Ambassador in Putin’s Russia

Michael A. McFaul
Houghton Mifflin Harcourt , 2018

In 2008, when Michael McFaul was asked to leave his perch at Stanford and join an unlikely presidential campaign, he had no idea that he would find himself at the beating heart of one of today’s most contentious and consequential international relationships. As President Barack Obama’s adviser on Russian affairs, McFaul helped craft the United States’ policy known as “reset” that fostered new and unprecedented collaboration between the two countries. And then, as U.S.

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Book

Political Risk: How Businesses and Organizations Can Anticipate Global Insecurity

Amy Zegart, Amy Zegart, Condoleezza Rice, Condoleezza Rice
2018

From New York Times bestselling author and former U.S. secretary of state Condoleezza Rice and Stanford University professor Amy B. Zegart comes an examination of the rapidly evolving state of political risk, and how to navigate it.
The world is changing fast.

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Commentary

A Declaration Of Peace That Leads To War

Daniel C. Sneider
2018

On April 27, 2018, the leaders of the two Koreas are set to meet on the southern side of the demilitarized zone and sign a declaration of peace. In a carefully planned summit, negotiated in detail down to the dinner menu, Kim Jong Un and Moon Jae In will claim to have ended the suspended state of war between them and set the Korean peninsula firmly on the path to peace.

Do not be deceived, writes Daniel Sneider

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Commentary

In Florida, Dark Clouds Cover the Abe-Trump Summit

Daniel C. Sneider,
2018

When Prime Minister Abe Shinzo and President Donald Trump meet again in the familiar surroundings of the President’s Mar-a-Lago estate, every effort will be made to convey the impression of a gathering of two old friends, united in common purpose.

But since their previous meetings, cracks have opened up over key issues, beginning with trade but including foreign policy problems from North Korea to Russia and Iran.

For Abe, desperately trying to keep his own premiership alive, the goal is simple – to look like a leader who must be kept in place for the benefit of Japan.

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Journal Article

Singapore and Goliath?

Donald K. Emmerson
2018

Since the time of Lee Kuan Yew (1923–2015), Singapore’s leaders have refused to infer, merely from the country’s size and composition, a need to appease the People’s Republic of China (PRC). They have remained averse to the notion that little countries should kowtow to big ones, and they firmly reject the idea that their country is somehow racially embedded in a “greater China” whose roads all lead to Beijing.

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Journal Article

The Power of the Political in an Urbanizing International

Jodok Troy
Alternatives: Global, Local, Political , 2018

In this article, I argue that there is a startling resonance between Hans Morgenthau’s conception of the political and power and recent analyses of an urbanizing international realm. By making this connection clear, I depart from a mechanistic understanding of politics, which tends to inform both conventional International Relations views and some claims in urban studies pertaining to the rise of global cities as international actors.

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Commentary

The Peace Train Leaves The Station

Daniel C. Sneider
2018

In a flurry of developments that left experts stunned, the long-stalled Korean peace train has suddenly left the station. Sitting in the locomotive is the engineer of these events, North Korea’s young leader, Kim Jong Un.

Where is the peace train headed? No one really knows. It can easily be derailed. And it could lead not to peace, but to war, writes Sneider.

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Journal Article

International Isolation and Regional Inequality: Evidence from Sanctions on North Korea

Yong Suk Lee, Yong Suk Lee
2018

This paper examines how the spatial distribution of economic activity evolved within North Korea during a period of economic sanctions. Countries have used economic sanctions to isolate North Korea from the benefits of international trade and finance. China, however, has not imposed the sanctions, and consequentially has offset the trade restrictions imposed by other countries.

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