All FSI Publications Journal Articles BMJ Open 2021;11:e048926

Patient Experiences and Perceptions of Chronic Disease Care During the COVID-19 Pandemic in India

A Qualitative Study
June 18, 2021

This paper describes the qualitative results of the mixed-methods study by Eggleston and her colleagues. For the quantitative results of the study, read the April 2021 paper in the journal BMC Public Health. Also, watch and read our full story and interview with Eggleston.

Objective

People with chronic conditions are known to be vulnerable to the COVID-19 pandemic. This study aims to describe patients’ lived experiences, challenges faced by people with chronic conditions, their coping strategies, and the social and economic impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic.
 

Design, Setting, and participants

We conducted a qualitative study using a syndemic framework to understand the patients’ experiences of chronic disease care, challenges faced during the lockdown, their coping strategies and mitigators during the COVID-19 pandemic in the context of socioecological and biological factors. A diverse sample of 41 participants with chronic conditions (hypertension, diabetes, stroke, and cardiovascular diseases) from four sites (Delhi, Haryana, Vizag, and Chennai) in India participated in semistructured interviews. All interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed, translated, anonymized and coded using MAXQDA software. We used the framework method to qualitatively analyze the COVID-19 pandemic impacts on health, social and economic well-being.
 

Results

Participant experiences during the COVID-19 pandemic were categorized into four themes: challenges faced during the lockdown, experiences of the participants diagnosed with COVID-19, preventive measures taken, and lessons learned during the COVID-19 pandemic. A subgroup of participants faced difficulties in accessing healthcare while a few reported using teleconsultations. Most participants reported the adverse economic impact of the pandemic which led to higher reporting of anxiety and stress. Participants who tested COVID-19 positive reported experiencing discrimination and stigma from neighbors. All participants reported taking essential preventive measures.
 

Conclusion

People with chronic conditions experienced a confluence (reciprocal effect) of COVID-19 pandemic and chronic diseases in the context of difficulty in accessing healthcare, sedentary lifestyle, and increased stress and anxiety. Patients’ lived experiences during the pandemic provide important insights to inform effective transition to a mixed realm of online consultations and ‘distanced’ physical clinic visits.

 

Karen Eggleston, PhD

Senior Fellow at FSI, Director of the Asia Health Policy Program at Shorenstein Asia-Pacific Research Center
Karen Eggleston 4X4