Every year, humans move more earth and rock than rivers, wind, rain and all other planetary forces combined. And the quantity of rock moved by Anglo American in its century-plus of metal mining completely overwhelms that displaced by a migrant scraping the walls of abandoned mine shafts. But the difference is not just a matter of magnitude. It’s about the inequities that enabled this difference and continue to be amplified by it. This is especially evident in the use of mine waste as building material, which involves a triple extraction: of minerals, of waste, and of human health.
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