Health Outcomes

Recent Scholarly Publications

Records 48 / 85

The Cost Effectiveness of Counseling Strategies to Improve Adherence to Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy Among Men Who Have Sex With Men

June 2008

ObjectiveInadequate adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) may lead to poor health outcomes and the development of HIV strains that are resistant to HAART.

The Relationship of Immigrant Status with Access, Utilization, and Health Status for Children with Asthma

November 2007

Despite their high levels of poverty and less access to health care, children in immigrant families have better than expected health outcomes compared with children in nonimmigrant families....

Expanded Use of Imaging Technology and the Challenge of Measuring Value

November 2008

The availability of computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanning has grown rapidly, but the value of increased availability is not clear.

The President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief in Africa: An Evaluation of Outcomes

May 2009

Background: Since 2003, the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) has been the most ambitious initiative to address the global HIV epidemic.

Potential Population Health Outcomes and Expenditures of HIV Vaccination Strategies in the United States

July 2009

Estimating the potential health benefits and expenditures of a partially effective HIV vaccine is an important consideration in the debate about whether HIV vaccine research should continue.

Identifying Organizational Cultures that Promote Patient Safety

October 2009

BACKGROUND: Safety climate refers to shared perceptions of what an organization is like with regard to safety, whereas safety culture refers to employees' fundamental ideology and orientation and...

Modeling human papillomavirus and cervical cancer in the United States for analyses of screening and vaccination

October 2007

BACKGROUND: To provide quantitative insight into current U.S.

Health outcomes and costs of community mitigation strategies for an influenza pandemic in the United States.

January 2010

BACKGROUND: The optimal community-level approach to control pandemic influenza is unknown.

Cost-Effectiveness of Strategies to Improve HIV Testing and Receipt of Results: Economic Analysis of a Randomized Controlled Trial.

March 2010

BACKGROUND: The CDC recommends routine voluntary HIV testing of all patients 13-64 years of age.

Impact of Managed Care on Publicly Insured Children with Special Health Care Needs

February 2010

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to evaluate the impact of managed care on publicly insured children with special health care needs (CSHCN).

An Evaluation of Patient Self-Testing Competency of Prothrombin Time for Managing Anticoagulation: Pre-randomization Results of VA Cooperative Study #481 – The Home INR Study (THINRS).

July 2010

Prior studies suggest patient self-testing (PST) of prothrombin time (PT) can improve the quality of anticoagulation (AC) and reduce complications (e.g., bleeding and thromboembolic events).

Energy for Sustainable Development

September 2010

The majority of rural residents in China are dependent on traditional fuels, but the quality and quantity of existing data on the process of fuel switching in rural China are insufficient to have a...

New Evidence on the Impact of China’s New Rural Cooperative Medical Scheme and its Implications for Rural Primary Healthcare: Multivariate Difference-in-difference Analysis

October 2010

Objectives: To determine whether China's New Rural Cooperative Medical Scheme (NCMS), which aims to provide health insurance to 800 million rural citizens and to correct distortions in rural...

Soil-Transmitted Helminth Infections and Correlated Risk Factors in Preschool and School-aged Children in Rural Southwest China

September 2012

We conducted a survey of 1707 children in 141 impoverished rural areas of Guizhou and Sichuan Provinces in Southwest China.

Quality-of-Care Indicators for Children With Sickle Cell Disease

December 2011

OBJECTIVE: To develop a set of quality-of-care indicators for the management of children with sickle cell disease (SCD) who are cared for in a variety of settings by addressing the broad spectrum...

Improving practice guidelines with patient-specific recommendations

December 2011

Clinical practice guidelines aim to help providers make decisions that optimize patient care (1).

Parental Training, Anemia and the Impact on the Nutrition of Female Students in China’s Poor Rural Elementary Schools

December 2012

In this paper we report the results of a randomized controlled trial designed to measure the impact of a parental training program on the nutritional status of primary school students in rural...

Health system determinants of infant, child and maternal mortality: A cross-sectional study of UN member countries

December 2011

Abstract (provisional)ObjectiveFew studies have examined the link between health system strength and important public health outcomes across nations.

Quality Adjustment for Health Care Spending on Chronic Disease: Evidence from Diabetes Treatment, 1999-2009

May 2011

Although U.S. health care expenditures reached 17.6 percent of GDP in 2009, quality measurement in this important service sector remains limited.

Educational Disparities in Quality of Diabetes Care in a Universal Health Insurance System: Evidence from the 2005 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

August 2011

Objective To investigate educational disparities in the care process and health outcomes among patients with diabetes in the context of South Korea's universal health insurance system.

Freshwater availability and water fetching distance affect child health in sub-Saharan Africa

December 2012

Currently, more than two-thirds of the population in Africa must leave their home to fetch water for drinking and domestic use.

The cost-effectiveness of counseling strategies to improve adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy among men who have sex with men

December 2008

Abstract Objective: Inadequate adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) may lead to poor health outcomes and the development of HIV strains that are resistant to HAART.

Health Insurance and Catastrophic Illness: A Report on the New Cooperative Medical System in Rural China

July 2009

The overall goal of the paper is to understand the progress of the design and implementation of China’s New Cooperative Medical System (NCMS) program between 2004 (the second year of the program)...

China’s New Cooperative Medical Scheme Improved Finances of Township Health Centers but Not the Number of Patients Served

May 2012

China’s New Cooperative Medical Scheme, launched in 2003, was designed to protect rural households from the financial risk posed by health care costs and to increase the use of health care services...