Health Outcomes

Recent Scholarly Publications

Records 48 / 92

Association of a Bundled-Payment Program With Cost and Outcomes in Full-Cycle Breast Cancer Care

October 2016

Importance:Value-driven payment system reform is a potential tool for aligning economic incentives with the improvement of quality and efficiency of health care and containment of cost.

Geographic variation in surgical outcomes and cost between the United States and Japan

September 2016

Objectives: Unwarranted geographic variation in spending has received intense scrutiny in the United States.

The weaker sex? Vulnerable men and women's resilience to socio-economic disadvantage

September 2016

Sex differences in mortality vary over time and place as a function of social, health, and medical circumstances.

Screening for Lipid Disorders in Children and Adolescents: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement

August 2016

Importance  Elevations in levels of total, low-density lipoprotein, and non–high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; lower levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; and, to a lesser extent,...

Cost-Effectiveness of HIV Preexposure Prophylaxis for People Who Inject Drugs in the United States

July 2016

Background: The total population health benefits and costs of HIV preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for people who inject drugs (PWID) in the United States are unclear.Objective: To evaluate the cost...

Effect of Transplant Center Volume on Cost and Readmissions in Medicare Lung Transplant Recipients

July 2016

Rationale: Although lung transplant recipient survival is better at higher volume centers, the effect of center volume on admission cost and early hospital readmission is unknown.Objectives: To...

Abstinence Funding Was Not Associated with Reductions in HIV Risk Behavior in Sub-Saharan Africa

May 2016

The President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) has been the largest funder of abstinence and faithfulness programming in sub-Saharan Africa, with a cumulative investment of over US $1.4...

The Economic Implications of Population Ageing in China and India: Introduction to the Special Issue

December 2015

China and India account for nearly 36% of the world’s population.

Quality of Life and Economic Outcomes of Assessing Fractional Flow Reserve With Computed Tomography Angiography

October 2015

Evaluating patients who may have coronary artery disease (CAD) is a challenging and extensive process.

Defibrillator implantations for primary prevention in the United States: Inappropriate care or inadequate documentation: Insights from the National Cardiovascular Data ICD Registry

October 2015

BackgroundPrior studies have reported that more than 20% of implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) implantations in the United States do not adhere to trial-based criteria.ObjectiveWe sought...

Intended And Unintended Consequences Of China’s Zero Markup Drug Policy

August 2015

Since economic liberalization in the late 1970s, China's health care providers have grown heavily reliant on revenue from drugs, which they both prescribe and sell.

Risk of Cardiovascular Events Associated With Current Exposure to HIV Antiretroviral Therapies in a US Veteran Population

August 2015

Background. To characterize the association of antiretroviral drug combinations on risk of cardiovascular events.Methods. Certain antiretroviral medications for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)...

Non-use of health care service among empty-nest elderly in Shandong, China: a cross-sectional study

July 2015

Background: Empty-nest elderly refers to those elderly with no children or whose children have already left home.

Health Aid Is Allocated Efficiently, But Not Optimally: Insights From A Review Of Cost-Effectiveness Studies

July 2015

Development assistance from high-income countries to the health sectors of low- and middle-income countries (health aid) is an important source of funding for health in low- and middle-income...

Searching for Public Health Law’s Sweet Spot: The Regulation of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages

July 2015

David Studdert and colleagues explore how to balance public health, individual freedom, and good government when it comes to sugar-sweetened drinks.

Risk Protection, Service Use, and Health Outcomes Under Colombia's Health Insurance Program for the Poor

December 2013

Neglected Rural Public Health Issue: The Case of Intestinal Roundworms

December 2013

Despite increasing institutional and financial support, certain public health issues are still neglected by the Chinese Government.

Meeting the Health-care Needs of the Rural Elderly: The Unique Role of Village Doctors

December 2013

Despite their recent deterioration, village clinics have historically been an important source of health care for the poor and elderly in rural China.

Geographical Rural Status and Health Outcomes in Pediatric Liver Transplantation: An Analysis of 6 Years of National United Network of Organ Sharing Data.

December 2012

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether children in rural areas have worse health than children in urban areas after liver transplantation (LT).

Parental Training, Anemia and the Impact on the Nutrition of Female Students in China’s Poor Rural Elementary Schools

December 2012

In this paper we report the results of a randomized controlled trial designed to measure the impact of a parental training program on the nutritional status of primary school students in rural...

Freshwater availability and water fetching distance affect child health in sub-Saharan Africa

December 2012

Currently, more than two-thirds of the population in Africa must leave their home to fetch water for drinking and domestic use.

Soil-Transmitted Helminth Infections and Correlated Risk Factors in Preschool and School-aged Children in Rural Southwest China

September 2012

We conducted a survey of 1707 children in 141 impoverished rural areas of Guizhou and Sichuan Provinces in Southwest China.

Effectiveness of provider incentives for anemia reduction in rural China: a cluster randomised trial

July 2012

Background: To study how misaligned supply-side incentives impede health programs in developing countries, we tested the impact of performance pay for anemia reduction in rural China.

China’s New Cooperative Medical Scheme Improved Finances of Township Health Centers but Not the Number of Patients Served

May 2012

China’s New Cooperative Medical Scheme, launched in 2003, was designed to protect rural households from the financial risk posed by health care costs and to increase the use of health care services...