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Health Outcomes

Recent Scholarly Publications

Records 24 / 89

Economic Impact of Diabetes in South Asia: the Magnitude of the Problem

May 2019

With an estimated 84 million people suffering from diabetes in South Asia, the disease imposes substantial economic burdens on individuals, families, and society.

Anxiety in Rural Chinese Children and Adolescents: 3 Comparisons across Provinces and among Subgroups

September 2018

China’s competitive education system has produced notably high learning outcomes, but they may be costly. One potential cost is high levels of anxiety.

Anesthesia Care Team Composition and Surgical Outcomes

August 2018

The adjusted mortality for care teams with anesthesiologist assistants was 1.6% (95% CI, 1.4 to 1.8) versus 1.7% for care teams with nurse anesthetists (95% CI, 1.7 to 1.7; difference −0.08; 95% CI...

Poverty and Community-Acquired Antimicrobial Resistance with Extended-Spectrum β-Lactamase–Producing Organisms, Hyderabad, India

August 2018

The decreasing effectiveness of antimicrobial agents is a global public health threat, yet risk factors for community-acquired antimicrobial resistance (CA-AMR) in low-income settings have not been...

Anticipated burden and mitigation of carbon-dioxide-induced nutritional deficiencies and related diseases: A simulation modeling study

July 2018

Rising atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations are anticipated to decrease the zinc and iron concentrations of crops.

Robust relationship between air quality and infant mortality in Africa

June 2018

Poor air quality is thought to be an important mortality risk factor globally1,2,3, but there is little direct evidence from the developing world on how mortality risk varies with changing exposure...

Avoidable Hospital Admissions From Diabetes Complications In Japan, Singapore, Hong Kong, And Communities Outside Beijing

January 2018

Improving the quality of primary care may reduce avoidable hospital admissions.

Mortality In Rural China Declined As Health Insurance Coverage Increased, But No Evidence The Two Are Linked

September 2017

Health insurance holds the promise of improving population health and survival and protecting people from catastrophic health spending.

Tuskegee and the Health of Black Men

August 2017

For forty years, the Tuskegee Study of Untreated Syphilis in the Negro Male passively monitored hundreds of adult black males with syphilis despite the availability of effective treatment.

The Relationship Between Infant Peer Interactions and Cognitive Development: Evidence from Rural China

July 2017

Abstract: Social interactions in infancy have implications for long-term outcomes.

Development and Validation of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Measures of Potentially Preventable Emergency Department (ED) Visits: The ED Prevention Quality Indicators for General Health Conditions

March 2017

ObjectiveTo develop and validate rates of potentially preventable emergency department (ED) visits as indicators of community health.Data SourcesAgency for Healthcare Research and Quality,...

Health Insurance and Chronic Disease Control: Quasi-experimental Evidence from Hypertension in Rural China

February 2017

"Health Insurance and Chronic Disease Control: Quasi-experimental Evidence from Hypertension in Rural China" is a chapter within the volume China's Healthcare System and Reform.

The Epidemiologic Challenge to the Conduct of Just War: Confronting Indirect Civilian Casualties of War

January 2017

Most civilian casualties in war are not the result of direct exposure to bombs and bullets; they are due to the destruction of the essentials of daily living, including food, water, shelter, and...

Screening for Colorectal Cancer: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement

December 2016

Importance  Colorectal cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in the United States.

Statin Use for the Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease in Adults: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement

November 2016

Importance:Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States, accounting for 1 of every 3 deaths among adults.Objective:To update the 2008 US...

Association of a Bundled-Payment Program With Cost and Outcomes in Full-Cycle Breast Cancer Care

October 2016

Importance:Value-driven payment system reform is a potential tool for aligning economic incentives with the improvement of quality and efficiency of health care and containment of cost.

Geographic variation in surgical outcomes and cost between the United States and Japan

September 2016

Objectives: Unwarranted geographic variation in spending has received intense scrutiny in the United States.

The weaker sex? Vulnerable men and women's resilience to socio-economic disadvantage

September 2016

Sex differences in mortality vary over time and place as a function of social, health, and medical circumstances.

Screening for Lipid Disorders in Children and Adolescents: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement

August 2016

Importance  Elevations in levels of total, low-density lipoprotein, and non–high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; lower levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; and, to a lesser extent,...

Cost-Effectiveness of HIV Preexposure Prophylaxis for People Who Inject Drugs in the United States

July 2016

Background: The total population health benefits and costs of HIV preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for people who inject drugs (PWID) in the United States are unclear.Objective: To evaluate the cost...

Effect of Transplant Center Volume on Cost and Readmissions in Medicare Lung Transplant Recipients

July 2016

Rationale: Although lung transplant recipient survival is better at higher volume centers, the effect of center volume on admission cost and early hospital readmission is unknown.Objectives: To...

Abstinence Funding Was Not Associated with Reductions in HIV Risk Behavior in Sub-Saharan Africa

May 2016

The President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) has been the largest funder of abstinence and faithfulness programming in sub-Saharan Africa, with a cumulative investment of over US $1.4...

The Economic Implications of Population Ageing in China and India: Introduction to the Special Issue

December 2015

China and India account for nearly 36% of the world’s population.

Quality of Life and Economic Outcomes of Assessing Fractional Flow Reserve With Computed Tomography Angiography

October 2015

Evaluating patients who may have coronary artery disease (CAD) is a challenging and extensive process.

People

Grant Miller Senior Fellow Associate Professor, Medicine (CHP/PCOR)
Ivar Sønbø Kristiansen Adjunct Affiliate, CHP/PCOR
Monica Teran Research Affiliate, CDDRL
Ben Priestley Associate Director, CHP/PCOR