Recent Scholarly Publications

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Improved Allocation of HIV Prevention Resources: Using Information About Prevention Program Production Functions

December 2005

To allocate HIV prevention resources effectively, it is important to have information about the effectiveness of alternative prevention programs as a function of expenditure.

Validity of Children's Food Portion Estimates: A Comparison of 2 Measurement Aids

December 2002

Background: Policy and clinical decisions regarding children's nutrition are often based on dietary intake estimates from self-reports.

Case Management for Substance Abusers with HIV/AIDS: A Randomized Clinical Trial

December 2003

In a random assignment study, substance-abusing patients with HIV/AIDS in a public general hospital received a brief contact condition or received 12 months of case management delivered by...

Predictors of Medical Service Utilization Among Substance Abusers with HIV Infection

December 2004

This study examined factors affecting medical service use among HIV-infected persons with a substance abuse disorder.

A Little Planning Goes A Long Way: Multilevel Allocation of HIV Prevention Resources

December 2007

Background: HIV prevention funds are often allocated by decision makers at multiple levels.

Knowledge-Based Method for Building Patient Decision-Analytic Tools

December 2006

Numerous health decision aids (HDAs) have been developed to increase the participation of patients in shared decision-making, but many have limited accessibility and narrow applicability in...

Russian Resilience as a Great Power

January 2006

Two political scientists comment on Thomas Ambrosio's The Geopoliticsof Demographic Decay: HIV/AIDS and Russia's Great-Power Status (Post-SovietAffairs, 22, 1, January-March 2006).

Crisis Preparedness: Asia and the Global Governance of Epidemics

June 2007

Throughout history, nations have waged war against epidemics, from bubonic plague to pulmonary tuberculosis.

HIV Testing of At Risk Patients in a Large Integrated Health Care System

March 2007

Objective: Early identification of HIV infection is critical for patients to receive life-prolonging treatment and risk-reduction counseling.

Expanded Screening for HIV in the United States: An Analysis of Cost-Effectiveness

February 2005

Background: Although the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommend routine HIV counseling, testing, and referral (HIVCTR) in settings with at least a 1 percent prevalence of HIV,...

Expanded HIV Screening in the United States: Effect on Clinical Outcomes, HIV Transmission, and Costs

December 2006

Background: An extensive literature supports expanded HIV screening in the United States. However, the question of whom to test and how frequently remains controversial.

Rapid HIV Testing at home: Does it Solve a Problem or Create One?

September 2006

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is considering approval of an over-the-counter, rapid HIV test for home use.

Predicting the Impact of a Partially Effective HIV Vaccine and Subsequent Risk Behavior Change on the Heterosexual HIV Epidemic in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: A South African Example

December 2007

We developed a mathematical model to simulate the impact of various partially effective preventive HIV vaccination scenarios in a population at high risk for heterosexually transmitted HIV.

Cost-Effectiveness of HIV Monitoring Strategies in Resource-Limited Settings

September 2008

Background: Although the number of infected people receiving highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART) in low- and middle- income countries increased dramatically, optimal disease management is...

Cost Effectiveness of HIV Screening in the Elderly

December 2008

Although HIV infection is more prevalent in people younger than age 45 years, a substantial number of infections occur in older persons.

Relationship between Antiretroviral Prescribing Patterns and Treatment Guidelines in Treatment-Naive, HIV-1 Infected U.S. Veterans

December 2007

To analyze temporal patterns of antiretroviral (ARV) prescribing practices relative to nationally defined guidelines in treatment-naive patients with HIV-1 infection.

A Systematic Review of Cost-Utility Analyses in HIV/AIDS

December 2007

OBJECTIVES: To determine whether gaps exist in published cost-utility analyses as measured by their coverage of topics addressed in current HIV guidelines from the Department of Health and Human...

The Prevalence of HIV-1 Infection Amoung Inpatients and Outpatients in Department of Veterans Affairs Health Care Systems: Implications for Screening Programs for HIV

December 2007

OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine the prevalence of HIV in both inpatient and outpatient settings in 6 Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) health care sites.

Massive cavitary pulmonary rheumatoid nodules in a patient with HIV

December 2006

The case of a 52-yr-old female with rheumatoid arthritis and HIV who developed massive, progressive, cavitary pulmonary nodules is described.

The Cost Effectiveness of Counseling Strategies to Improve Adherence to Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy Among Men Who Have Sex With Men

June 2008

ObjectiveInadequate adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) may lead to poor health outcomes and the development of HIV strains that are resistant to HAART.

Controlling Co-epidemics: Analysis of HIV and Tuberculosis Infection Dynamics

December 2008

Cost-effectiveness of voluntary HIV screening in Russia

January 2009

Russia has one of the world's fastest growing HIV epidemics, and HIV screening has been widespread. Whether such screening is an effective use of resources is unclear.

Global Welfare Regimes: A Cluster Analysis

January 2009

This paper tests the claim that a small number of distinct „welfare regimes,combining institutional patterns and social welfare outcomes, can be identifiedacross the developing world.

Optimal Investment in HIV Prevention Programs: More Is Not Always Better

December 2009

This paper develops a mathematical/economic framework to address the following question: Given a particular population, a specific HIV prevention program and a fixed amount of funds that could be...