Environment

Environment

FSI scholars approach their research on the environment from regulatory, economic and societal angles. The Center on Food Security and the Environment weighs the connection between climate change and agriculture; the impact of biofuel expansion on land and food supply; how to increase crop yields without expanding agricultural lands; and the trends in aquaculture. FSE’s research spans the globe – from the potential of smallholder irrigation to reduce hunger and improve development in sub-Saharan Africa to the devastation of drought on Iowa farms. David Lobell, a senior fellow at FSI and a recipient of a MacArthur “genius” grant, has looked at the impacts of increasing wheat and corn crops in Africa, South Asia, Mexico and the United States; and has studied the effects of extreme heat on the world’s staple crops.

Recent Scholarly Publications

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Weakly Supervised Deep Learning for Segmentation of Remote Sensing Imagery

January 2020

Accurate automated segmentation of remote sensing data could benefit applications from land cover mapping and agricultural monitoring to urban development surveyal and disaster damage assessment....

Sight for Sorghums: Comparisons of Satellite- and Ground-Based Sorghum Yield Estimates in Mali

December 2019

The advent of multiple satellite systems capable of resolving smallholder agricultural plots raises possibilities for significant advances in measuring and understanding agricultural productivity...

The impact of agricultural interventions can be doubled by using satellite data

October 2019

Feeding a growing population while reducing negative environmental impacts is one of the greatest challenges of the coming decades.

Long-Run Uncertainties for U.S. Agriculture

July 2019

Changes in global food and fuel demand, the effects of climate change, and regional depletion of groundwater resources for irrigation create uncertainty for U.S. farmers.

The Existential Threat From Cyber-enabled Information Warfare

July 2019

Corruption of the information ecosystem is not just a multiplier of two long-acknowledged existential threats to the future of humanity—climate change and nuclear weapons.

Climatic Constraints on Aggregate Economic Output

May 2019

Efficient responses to climate change require accurate estimates of both aggregate damages and where and to whom they occur.

Sustainable development of the palm oil sector in the Congo Basin

May 2019

Key messages:The Congo Basin is rich in biodiversity and stores an estimated 25%-30% of the worlds tropical forest carbon stocks.

Smallholder maize area and yield mapping at national scales with Google Earth Engine

May 2019

Accurate measurements of maize yields at field or subfield scales are useful for guiding agronomic practices and investments and policies for improving food security.

Strengthened scientific support for the Endangerment Finding for atmospheric greenhouse gases

March 2019

We assess scientific evidence that has emerged since the U.S.

Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) of Cysticercosis in School-Aged Children in Tibetan Rural Farming Areas of Western China: Implications for Intervention Planning

March 2019

Neurocysticercosis (NCC) significantly contributes to morbidity in developing countries. We recently published a study of prevalence and risk factors in school-aged children in three mountainous...

Mapping Missing Population in Rural India: A Deep Learning Approach with Satellite Imagery

February 2019

Millions of people worldwide are absent from their country’s census.

Satellite mapping of tillage practices in the North Central US region from 2005 to 2016

February 2019

Low-intensity tillage has become more popular among farmers in the United States and many other regions.

Crop type mapping without field-level labels: Random forest transfer and unsupervised clustering techniques

January 2019

Crop type mapping at the field level is necessary for a variety of applications in agricultural monitoring and food security.

Probabilistic Performance Assessment vs. the Safety Case Approach

January 2019

The “safety case” approach has been developed to address the issue of evaluating the performance of a geologic repository in the face of the large uncertainty that results for evaluations that...

Evolution and Structure of the Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management

December 2018

The final disposal of nuclear waste is at the interface between the technologies of the nuclear fuel cycle that produce the waste and the natural hydrologic and geochemical cycles of geologic...

Satellite mapping of tillage practices in the North Central US region from 2005 to 2016

December 2018

Low-intensity tillage has become more popular among farmers in the United States and many other regions.

Mission Impossible? Socio-technical Integration of Nuclear Waste Geological Disposal Systems

November 2018

Abstract: We present a new perspective on geological disposal systems for nuclear waste.

Sustainable and Equitable Increases in Fruit and Vegetable Productivity and Consumption are Needed to Achieve Global Nutrition Security

November 2018

Increased intake of fruits and vegetables (F&V) is recommended for most populations across the globe.

Chronic long-term risk of low-level radiation exposure: Bridging the lay/expert divide.

August 2018

Abstrac: The failure of experts and lay people to understand each other has been fueling conflict around the environmental clean-up of the many sites in the United States that are contaminated by...

Chronic long-term risk of low-level radiation exposure: Bridging the lay/expert divide

August 2018

Abstract: The failure of experts and lay people to understand each other has been fueling conflict around the environmental clean-up of the many sites in the United States that are contaminated by...

Increase in crop losses to insect pests in a warming climate

August 2018

Crop responses to climate warming suggest that yields will decrease as growing-season temperatures increase.

The Politics of Energy and Climate Change in Japan under Abe: Abenergynomics

August 2018

Under what we call Abenergynomics, Japanese Prime Minister Abe Shinzō has used energy policy to support the growth objectives of Abenomics, even when the associated policies are publicly unpopular,...

Higher temperatures increase suicide rates in the United States and Mexico

July 2018

Linkages between climate and mental health are often theorized, but remain poorly quantified.

Anticipated burden and mitigation of carbon-dioxide-induced nutritional deficiencies and related diseases: A simulation modeling study

July 2018

Rising atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations are anticipated to decrease the zinc and iron concentrations of crops.

People

Alberto Díaz-Cayeros Senior Fellow Professor, by courtesy, Political Science
Frank Wolak PESD Director, Senior Fellow Professor, Economics
Philip Taubman Lecturer
Beatriz Magaloni Senior Fellow Professor, Political Science
Stephen P. Luby Senior Fellow Professor, Medicine (CHP/PCOR)
Timothy E. Josling Senior Fellow, by courtesy Professor, Food Research Institute, Emeritus, 1940-2018
Francisco Ramirez Professor, Education
David Freyberg Associate Professor, Civil Engineering
Barbara van Schewick Associate Professor, Law
W. Richard Scott Professor, Sociology, Emeritus
Pamela Matson Chester Naramore Dean of the School of Earth, Energy and Environmental Sciences, Richard and Rhoda Goldman Professor of Environmental Studies, Senior Fellow at the Woods Institute for the Environment, FSE Affiliated Faculty Professor, Earth Sciences, Senior Fellow, Stanford Woods Institute
John Meyer Professor, Sociology, Emeritus