Health and Medicine

Health and Medicine

FSI’s researchers assess health and medicine through the lenses of economics, nutrition and politics. They’re studying and influencing public health policies of local and national governments and the roles that corporations and nongovernmental organizations play in providing health care around the world. Scholars look at how governance affects citizens’ health, how children’s health care access affects the aging process and how to improve children’s health in Guatemala and rural China. They want to know what it will take for people to cook more safely and breathe more easily in developing countries.

FSI professors investigate how lifestyles affect health. What good does gardening do for older Americans? What are the benefits of eating organic food or growing genetically modified rice in China? They study cost-effectiveness by examining programs like those aimed at preventing the spread of tuberculosis in Russian prisons. Policies that impact obesity and undernutrition are examined; as are the public health implications of limiting salt in processed foods and the role of smoking among men who work in Chinese factories. FSI health research looks at sweeping domestic policies like the Affordable Care Act and the role of foreign aid in affecting the price of HIV drugs in Africa.

Recent Projects

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Reducing the risk of Nipah virus transmission in Bangladesh

Nipah virus commonly infects large fruit bats in South and Southeast Asia.
English

Consortium for Health Care Informatics Research (CHIR): Translational Use Case Project Natural Language Processing of Chest Radiograph Reports

The Consortium for Healthcare Informatics Research (CHIR) is a multisite project funded by Department of Veterans Affairs Health Services Research and Development (HSR&D).
English

Automated performance metrics for quality improvement in complex chronic disease

As the population of older adults in the US increases, there is a growing need for performance measurement systems that take multiple comorbid conditions into account.
English

Striving for good feelings or averting bad ones

Previous research suggests that the emotions people value (“ideal affect”) can help explain cultural differences in health care preferences.  For example, those valuing excitement tend to prefer...
English

The role of message framing in health behavior promotion among older adults

Adherence rates to public health recommendations are low, and seem to be falling.
English

Age Related Positivity Effect in Decision Making: Implications for Choice Preferences and Decision Quality

Prior research indicates reliable age differences in decision making processes consistent with the age-related positivity effect: Relative to younger adults, older adults demonstrate greater...
English

Improving the quality of quality metrics for decision making: Understanding the role of social factors on hospital rates

This study will examine the relationship between social factors and hospital utilization using data from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS).
English

Close other bias in older adults: Effects on prosocial behavior

Human beings are incredibly prosocial: helping others at no material benefit, or even at a cost, to the self.
English

Can health coaches improve decision making for elderly with cancer?

Background: Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the United States and disproportionately affects elderly patient populations.
English

Policy Related Research - REAP 2013

Official Policy Briefs(Submitted to China’s State Council) Research and Policy Recommendations on the Situation of Infant Malnutrition and Underdevelopment in Poor AreasAdvisory for Implementing a...
English

National Trends and Practice Patterns of Detection and Treatment of Hypertension During Ambulatory Visits in the U.S.

Practice guidelines aim to guide physician practice according to the best available evidence.  Data were mixed regarding the impact of practice guidelines on physician prescribing.
English

The HIV/AIDS Pandemic and Africa’s Orphaned Elderly

The HIV/AIDS pandemic has decimated family life in Africa.  This project focused on the welfare of the “orphaned-elderly” – a class of elderly dependents whose traditional care-giving arrangements...
English

Migration, Poverty Alleviation and Wellbeing of the Elderly: Population Modeling for Rural Western China

September 2022

The researchers developed models for the time course of the economic demography of remote Chinese villages that takes into account the migration, and sometimes return, of the villagers, the...
English

Socioeconomic Gradients in Health Among the Elderly in China

September 2022

This project studied the patterns of health and health care disparities across elderly and non-elderly in China, including the impact of earlier educational and public health interventions on...
English

Health Implication of Urbanization, Migration and Obesity in India

September 2022

Urbanization and obesity-related chronic diseases are cited as threats to the future health of India's older citizens.
English

The Cost Impact of Changing Antihypertensive Medication Prescribing for the Elderly

September 2022

The aim of this seed is to identify the relative impact of various cost drivers on the increasing cost of hypertension treatment among US elderly.
English

Readmissions and Chronic Disease in the Elderly

This study aimed to expand knowledge regarding chronic disease and readmissions in the elderly The  researchers conducted a retrospective analysis of California Office of Statewide Health Planning...
English

Effect of Social Isolation and Loneliness on Health Care Utilization

The researchers assessed the effect of social isolation and loneliness on healthcare utilization (costs and frequency of care) using longitudinal survey data from the Health and Retirement Survey ...
English

Chronic Disease, Disability, and Medical Costs among Older Adults in India

The researchers conducted a series of studies using nationally-representative data from the recent WHO Study on Global Aging and Adult Health (SAGE) to identify the relationship between NCD-related...
English

Lead Contaminated Topsoil and Food in Rural Bangladesh

Human exposure to lead in the environment causes irreversible impairment of intellectual function.
English

Closing the Quality Gap: Revisiting the State of the Science

The United States devotes significant resources for the provision of health care, yet quality is often elusive or lacking.
English

Emergency Department Prevention Quality Indicators

The emergency department (ED) is an important source of care in a community.
English

Care Coordination Measures Project

This project focuses on identifying, evaluating, and developing measures of care coordination activities.
English

Indigenous Peoples Rights

This project seeks to promote the collaboration between the Center for Latin American Studies and the Program on Human Rights in conducting an interdisciplinary faculty/graduate student research...
English

People

profile picture cropped Mintu Turakhia Associate Professor, Medicine Affiliated Faculty
r01palhsm07 r01 med  va  govhomedirvhapalzulmadmy documentsmy picturesdonna zulman037 12 13 11 Donna Zulman Assistant Professor, Medicine Physician Investigator, VA
p1010241 Jonathan Shaw Clinical Assistant Professor, Medicine
Erickson Kevin Kevin Erickson CHP/PCOR Associate Instructor, Medicine
sam heft neal Sam Heft-Neal Research Scholar, Center on Food Security and the Environment
 jillkrissberg Jill Krissberg Masters student, Health Policy
shirawinter Shira Winter Post-Doctoral Research Fellow, SHP
jasmin Jasmin Moshfegh PhD Student, Health Policy
default people 100x120 Han Bai Master's Student, Health Policy
Photo of Jianan Yang Jianan Yang Asia Health Policy Postdoctoral Fellow, 2022-23
personal crop Vishal Duggal VA Informatics Fellow, SHP
text image img  320 high Samuel Thomas Intermountain Fellow, Master's Student, Health Policy