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Health and Medicine

Health and Medicine

FSI’s researchers assess health and medicine through the lenses of economics, nutrition and politics. They’re studying and influencing public health policies of local and national governments and the roles that corporations and nongovernmental organizations play in providing health care around the world. Scholars look at how governance affects citizens’ health, how children’s health care access affects the aging process and how to improve children’s health in Guatemala and rural China. They want to know what it will take for people to cook more safely and breathe more easily in developing countries.

FSI professors investigate how lifestyles affect health. What good does gardening do for older Americans? What are the benefits of eating organic food or growing genetically modified rice in China? They study cost-effectiveness by examining programs like those aimed at preventing the spread of tuberculosis in Russian prisons. Policies that impact obesity and undernutrition are examined; as are the public health implications of limiting salt in processed foods and the role of smoking among men who work in Chinese factories. FSI health research looks at sweeping domestic policies like the Affordable Care Act and the role of foreign aid in affecting the price of HIV drugs in Africa.

Recent Scholarly Publications

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The fog of development: evaluating the Millennium Villages Project

August 2018

 Shira Mitchell and colleagues' endline evaluation of the Millennium Villages Project (MVP) in The Lancet Global Health marks an important chapter in our understanding of Africa’s meandering path...

Cost Effectiveness of Radiation and Chemotherapy for High-Risk Low Grade Glioma

August 2018

The standard of care treatment for maximally resected, high risk (≥ 40 years old or sub-totally resected) low grade glioma (LGG) patients was established by RTOG 9802, which showed an overall...

Higher temperatures increase suicide rates in the United States and Mexico

July 2018

Linkages between climate and mental health are often theorized, but remain poorly quantified.

Robust relationship between air quality and infant mortality in Africa

June 2018

Poor air quality is thought to be an important mortality risk factor globally, but there is little direct evidence from the developing world on how mortality risk varies with changing exposure to...

Effect of a Local Vision Care Center on Eyeglasses Use and School Performance in Rural China A Cluster Randomized Clinical Trial

May 2018

Asperger's Children: The Origins of Autism in Nazi Vienna

May 2018

Hans Asperger, the pioneer of autism and Asperger syndrome in Nazi Vienna, has been celebrated for his compassionate defense of children with disabilities.

Economic Dimensions of Personalized and Precision Medicine in Asia: Evidence from Breast Cancer Treatment in Taiwan

April 2018

High costs of precision medicine raise concerns about exacerbating income-related disparities in healthcare utilization and health outcomes.

Dual Practice of Public Hospital Physicians in Vietnam

April 2018

Although many public hospital physicians in Vietnam offer private service on the side, little is known about the magnitude and nature of the phenomenon of so-called dual practice, let alone the...

Selective Mortality and the Long-term Effects of Early-life Exposure to Natural Disasters

April 2018

We analyze the effects of early-life shocks with varying degrees of severity on mortality and human capital outcomes in the Philippines.

Organizing Old Age Pensions for India’s Informal Workers: A Case Study of a Sector-Driven Approach

April 2018

AbstractAbout 88 percent of India’s total labor force is composed of informal (officially labeled “unorganized”) workers.

Examining humanitarian principles in changing warfare

February 2018

Violence in war must have a limit. Those who are not participating in the hostilities should be protected to prevent war from sinking into barbarity.

The Mosul Trauma Response A Case Study

February 2018

The Battle of Mosul was one of the largest urban sieges since World War II.

Substance Abuse Policy in Thailand: Current Challenges and Future Strategies

January 2018

AbstractSubstance abuse has been an important social and public health problem in Thailand for decades.

Rural-Urban Disparities in the Utilization of Mental Health Inpatient Services in China: The Role of Health Insurance

January 2018

AbstractObjective: Reducing rural-urban disparities in health and health care has been a key policy goal for the Chinese government.

Civil War & the Global Threat of Pandemics

January 2018

This essay confronts the collision of two potential global threats: the outbreak of infectious pandemics and the outbreak and protraction of civil wars.

Is Single Payer the Answer for the US Health Care System?

January 2018

The recent challenges to the Affordable Care Act (ACA), which has increased the number of individuals with health insurance in the United States but has had little effect on cost, has revived the...

Drug Companies’ Liability for the Opioid Epidemic

December 2017

The opioid epidemic has claimed more than 300,000 lives in the United States since 20001 and could claim another half million over the next decade.

Family Planning and Fertility Behavior: Evidence from Twentieth Century Malaysia

December 2017

There is longstanding debate about the contribution of family planning programs to fertility decline.

Relationship between season of birth, temperature exposure, and later life wellbeing

December 2017

We study how exposure to extreme temperatures in early periods of child development is related to adult economic outcomes measured 30 y later.

Characteristics Associated With Decreased or Increased Mortality Risk From Glycemic Therapy Among Patients With Type 2 Diabetes and High Cardiovascular Risk: Machine Learning Analysis of the ACCORD Trial

December 2017

OBJECTIVE Identifying patients who may experience decreased or increased mortality risk from intensive glycemic therapy for type 2 diabetes remains an important clinical challenge.

Marketplace Plans Provide Risk Protection, But Actuarial Values Overstate Realized Coverage For Most Enrollees

December 2017

The Affordable Care Act (ACA) has increased the number of Americans with health insurance.

Validation of Risk Equations for Complications of Type 2 Diabetes (RECODe) Using Individual Participant Data From Diverse Longitudinal Cohorts in the U.S.

December 2017

OBJECTIVE We sought to validate risk equations for complications of type 2 diabetes (RECODe) among diverse populations.RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We compared risk predictions from RECODe equations...

PCSK9 Inhibitors Economics and Policy

November 2017

Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) inhibitors substantially reduce low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, but it is presently unclear whether they also reduce mortality.

Modeling Public Health and Healthcare Systems

November 2017

From federal reforms to hospital management, the road to better and more cost-effective healthcare is paved with difficult questions: How do we reduce wait times?

People

Kathryn M. McDonald Senior Research Scholar Executive Director, CHP/PCOR, Senior Scholar, CHP/PCOR
Grant Miller Senior Fellow Associate Professor, Medicine (CHP/PCOR)
David Relman Senior Fellow Professor, Medicine, Professor, Microbiology and Immunology
Douglas K. Owens Senior Fellow Professor, Medicine (CHP/PCOR)
Scott Rozelle Senior Fellow, Helen F. Farnsworth Senior Fellow at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies
Stephen P. Luby Senior Fellow Professor, Medicine (CHP/PCOR)
Paul H. Wise Senior Fellow Professor, Pediatrics (CHP/PCOR)
Matthew Kohrman Senior Fellow, by courtesy Associate Professor, Anthropology
Pascaline Dupas Senior Fellow Associate Professor, Economics, Senior Fellow, SIEPR
Jay Bhattacharya Senior Fellow, by courtesy Professor, Medicine (CHP/PCOR)
Alberto Díaz-Cayeros Senior Fellow Professor, by courtesy, Political Science
Michele Barry Senior Fellow, by courtesy Professor, Medicine