Health and Medicine

Health and Medicine

FSI’s researchers assess health and medicine through the lenses of economics, nutrition and politics. They’re studying and influencing public health policies of local and national governments and the roles that corporations and nongovernmental organizations play in providing health care around the world. Scholars look at how governance affects citizens’ health, how children’s health care access affects the aging process and how to improve children’s health in Guatemala and rural China. They want to know what it will take for people to cook more safely and breathe more easily in developing countries.

FSI professors investigate how lifestyles affect health. What good does gardening do for older Americans? What are the benefits of eating organic food or growing genetically modified rice in China? They study cost-effectiveness by examining programs like those aimed at preventing the spread of tuberculosis in Russian prisons. Policies that impact obesity and undernutrition are examined; as are the public health implications of limiting salt in processed foods and the role of smoking among men who work in Chinese factories. FSI health research looks at sweeping domestic policies like the Affordable Care Act and the role of foreign aid in affecting the price of HIV drugs in Africa.

Recent Scholarly Publications

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A quarter century of ‘The Proper Scope of Government’: Theory and Applications

February 2021

A quarter century ago in a seminal paper, Hart, Shleifer and Vishny (NBER1996, QJE1997) developed a theory of the ‘Proper Scope of Government.’ Oliver Hart, 2016 Nobel Laureate, reflects on that...

The Effects of Chronic Disease Management in Primary Health Care: Evidence from Rural China

February 2021

Health systems globally face increasing morbidity and mortality from chronic diseases, yet many - especially in low- and middle-income countries - lack strong chronic disease management in primary...

Robots and Labor in the Service Sector: Evidence from Nursing Homes

February 2021

In one of the first studies of service sector robotics using establishment-level data, we study the impact of robots on staffing in Japanese nursing homes, using geographic variation in robot...

Health, Psychosocial, and Economic Impacts of the COVID-19 Pandemic on People with Chronic Condition in India: A Mixed Methods Study

January 2021

Background. People with chronic conditions are disproportionately prone to be affected by the COVID-19 pandemic but there are limited data documenting this.

Lancet Series on Women’s and Children’s Health in Conflict Settings

January 2021

A new four-paper series in The Lancet exposes the far-reaching effects of modern warfare on women’s and children’s health.

The Missing Piece -- SARS-CoV-2 Testing and School Reopening

October 2020

On August 17, 2020, the Los Angeles Unified School District launched a program to test more than 700,000 students and staff for SARS-CoV-2.

The Missing Piece -- SARS-CoV-2 Testing and School Reopening

October 2020

On August 17, 2020, the Los Angeles Unified School District launched a program to test more than 700,000 students and staff for SARS-CoV-2.

Off the Epicenter: COVID-19 Quarantine Controls and Employment, Education, and Health Impacts in Rural Communities

October 2020

In late January 2020, China’s government initiated its first aggressive measures to combat COVID-19 by forbidding individuals from leaving their homes, radically limiting public transportation,...

Retaining VA Women’s Health Primary Care Providers: Work Setting Matters

October 2020

When an experienced provider opts to leave a healthcare workforce (attrition), there are significant costs, both direct and indirect.

The Effects of India’s COVID-19 Lockdown on Critical Non-COVID Health Care and Outcomes

September 2020

India’s COVID-19 lockdown is widely believed to have disrupted critical health services, but its effect on non-COVID health outcomes is largely unknown.

Association of Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes With Risk of Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease in Postmenopausal Women

September 2020

Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death among women in the U.S. and identification of sex-specific risk factors could enhance cardiovascular risk assessment and prevention.

Conditional Cash Transfers, Uptake of Maternal and Child Health Services, and Health Outcomes in Western Rural China

August 2020

Background: Empirical evidence suggests that the uptake of maternal and child health (MCH) services is still low in poor rural areas of China.

Hepatitis C Treatment in Prisons — Incarcerated People’s Uncertain Right to Direct-Acting Antiviral Therapy

August 2020

In a recent perspective published by the New England Journal of Medicine(NEJM), Stanford Law student Alexandra Daniels analyzed a growing body of federal litigation brought by prisoners with the...

Partitioning the Curve — Interstate Travel Restrictions During the Covid-19 Pandemic

August 2020

Since the onset of the Covid-19 crisis in the United States, government action taken to “flatten” the curve of disease transmission has varied dramatically among states, counties, and cities.

The Legal Authority for States’ Stay-at-Home Orders

July 2020

In March 2020, when many U.S.

Disease Control, Civil Liberties, and Mass Testing — Calibrating Restrictions during the Covid-19 Pandemic

July 2020

Urgent responses to the Covid-19 pandemic have halted movement and work and dramatically changed daily routines for much of the world’s population.

The Changing Risk and Burden of Wildfire in the US

June 2020

Recent dramatic and deadly increases in global wildfire activity have increased attention on the causes of wildfires, their consequences, and how risk from fire might be mitigated.

Intended and Unintended Consequences of a New Limit on Working Hours in South Korea: Implications for Precarious Employment

June 2020

Effective as of July 1, 2018, South Korea set a new cap on employees’ weekly working hours, decreasing the maximum number from 68 to 52.

COVID-19 Incidence and the Timing of Quarantine Measures and Travel Restrictions: A Cross-country Analysis

June 2020

COVID-19 presents humanity with not just a health crisis but also a governance crisis as leaders around the globe confront the challenges of stemming the spread of the virus.

Pandemics & propaganda: how Chinese state media creates and propagates CCP coronavirus narratives

June 2020

To gain insight into how Chinese state media is communicating about the coronavirus pandemic to the outside world, we analyzed a collection of posts from their English-language presence on Facebook...

Handgun Ownership and Suicide in California

June 2020

Research has consistently identified firearm availability as a risk factor for suicide.

Handgun Ownership and Suicide in California

June 2020

Research has consistently identified firearm availability as a risk factor for suicide.

Handgun Ownership and Suicide in California

June 2020

BACKGROUND Research has consistently identified firearm availability as a risk factor for suicide.

People

Roz low res 9 11 cropped Rosamond L. Naylor Senior Fellow William Wrigley Professor of Earth System Science, Senior Fellow, Stanford Woods Institute and Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies, Senior Fellow and Founding Director, Center on Food Security and the Environment
ADiaz website Alberto Díaz-Cayeros Senior Fellow Professor, by courtesy, Political Science
1 RSD13 085 0052a 001 David Relman Senior Fellow Professor, Medicine, Professor, Microbiology and Immunology
lanhee chen 2017 headshot reduced size Lanhee J. Chen Affiliated Faculty David and Diane Steffy Fellow in American Public Policy Studies, Hoover Institution, Director of Domestic Policy Studies and Lecturer, Public Policy Program
rsd15 081 0344a Jay Bhattacharya Senior Fellow by Courtesy Professor, Medicine (CHP/PCOR)
rsd15 055 0123a Grant Miller Senior Fellow Professor, Medicine (CHP/PCOR)
Steve Luby Headshot Stephen P. Luby Senior Fellow Professor, Medicine (CHP/PCOR)
Anat R. Admati Anat R. Admati Affiliated Faculty George G.C. Parker Professor of Finance and Economics at Stanford University Graduate School of Business (GSB), Senior Fellow, SIEPR, Director of the GSB Corporations and Society Initiative , Professor by Courtesy, Department of Management Science and Engineering and Department of Economics
Owens1 Douglas K. Owens Senior Fellow Professor, Medicine (CHP/PCOR)
scott rozelle new headshot Scott Rozelle Senior Fellow Helen F. Farnsworth Endowed Professorship, Co-director, SCCEI
Pascaline Dupas Headshot Pascaline Dupas Senior Fellow Professor, Economics, Senior Fellow, SIEPR, Director, Stanford King Center on Global Development
rsd15 081 0253a Paul H. Wise Senior Fellow Senior Fellow , Professor, Pediatrics (CHP/PCOR)