Health and Medicine

Health and Medicine

FSI’s researchers assess health and medicine through the lenses of economics, nutrition and politics. They’re studying and influencing public health policies of local and national governments and the roles that corporations and nongovernmental organizations play in providing health care around the world. Scholars look at how governance affects citizens’ health, how children’s health care access affects the aging process and how to improve children’s health in Guatemala and rural China. They want to know what it will take for people to cook more safely and breathe more easily in developing countries.

FSI professors investigate how lifestyles affect health. What good does gardening do for older Americans? What are the benefits of eating organic food or growing genetically modified rice in China? They study cost-effectiveness by examining programs like those aimed at preventing the spread of tuberculosis in Russian prisons. Policies that impact obesity and undernutrition are examined; as are the public health implications of limiting salt in processed foods and the role of smoking among men who work in Chinese factories. FSI health research looks at sweeping domestic policies like the Affordable Care Act and the role of foreign aid in affecting the price of HIV drugs in Africa.

Recent Scholarly Publications

Records 24 / 1370

Impact of Parental Beliefs on Child Developmental Outcomes: A Quasi-Experiment in Rural China

This paper examines the impact of parental beliefs on child development outcomes (for both cognitive and social–emotional skills) based on a three-wave longitudinal survey in rural China. The...

Early Parenting Interventions to Foster Human Capital in Developing Countries

One out of every three children under age 5 in developing countries lives in conditions that impede human capital development. In this study, we survey the literature on parenting training...

Off the COVID-19 Epicentre: The Impact of Quarantine Controls on Employment, Education and Health in China's Rural Communitites

This study documents the COVID-19 disease-control measures enacted in rural China and examines the economic and social impacts of these measures. We conducted two rounds of surveys with 726...

Pandemic Spikes and Broken Spears: Indigenous Resilience after the Conquest of Mexico

In a new paper for the Journal of Historical Political Economy, Alberto Diaz-Cayeros and Saumitra Jha examine the conditions under which indigenous communities in Mexico were able to overcome the...

The Impact of Community Masking on COVID-19: A Cluster-Randomized Trial in Bangladesh

A randomized trial of community-level mask promotion in rural Bangladesh during COVID-19 shows that the intervention increased mask-use and reduced symptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infections.

Does Paternal Involvement Matter for Early Childhood Development in Rural China?

Research in developed countries has found that paternal involvement has positive and significant effects on early childhood development (ECD). Less is known, however, about the state of paternal...

Women Left Behind

Gender Disparities in Utilization of Government Health Insurance in India

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) among Elementary Students in Rural China: Prevalence, Correlates, and Consequence

Background: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a widely recognized mental health problem in developed countries but remains under-investigated in developing settings. This study...

Special Issue: Agriculture, the Rural Economy and China's Growth in the 21st Century: Celebrating the 10th Anniversary of AAEA China Section

Scott Rozelle, Yuqing Zheng, and Chengfang Liu were the guest editors of this special issue on agriculture, the rural economy and China's growth in the 21st century. Scott Rozelle also...

Filtered Life

Air Purification, Gender, and Cigarettes in the People's Republic of China

Effects of Vision Health Education and Free Eyeglasses on Knowledge of Vision and Usage of Spectacles Among Primary School Students: Evidence from Gansu and Shaanxi Provinces in China

Background In rural China, children’s vision problems are very common, with many who would benefit from refractive correction not getting the care they need....

A quarter century of ‘The Proper Scope of Government’: Theory and Applications

February 2021

A quarter-century ago in a seminal paper, Hart, Shleifer, and Vishny (NBER1996, QJE1997) developed a theory of the ‘Proper Scope of Government.’ Oliver Hart, 2016 Nobel Laureate, reflects on that...

Robots and Labor in the Service Sector: Evidence from Nursing Homes

February 2021

In one of the first studies of service sector robotics using establishment-level data, we study the relationship between robots and staffing in Japanese nursing homes.

The Effects of Chronic Disease Management in Primary Health Care: Evidence from Rural China

February 2021

Health systems globally face increasing morbidity and mortality from chronic diseases, yet many - especially in low- and middle-income countries - lack strong chronic disease management in primary...

Health, Psychosocial, and Economic Impacts of the COVID-19 Pandemic on People with Chronic Condition in India: A Mixed Methods Study

January 2021

Background. People with chronic conditions are disproportionately prone to be affected by the COVID-19 pandemic but there are limited data documenting this.

Lancet Series on Women’s and Children’s Health in Conflict Settings

January 2021

A new four-paper series in The Lancet exposes the far-reaching effects of modern warfare on women’s and children’s health.

The Missing Piece -- SARS-CoV-2 Testing and School Reopening

October 2020

On August 17, 2020, the Los Angeles Unified School District launched a program to test more than 700,000 students and staff for SARS-CoV-2.

The Missing Piece -- SARS-CoV-2 Testing and School Reopening

October 2020

On August 17, 2020, the Los Angeles Unified School District launched a program to test more than 700,000 students and staff for SARS-CoV-2.

Off the Epicenter: COVID-19 Quarantine Controls and Employment, Education, and Health Impacts in Rural Communities

October 2020

In late January 2020, China’s government initiated its first aggressive measures to combat COVID-19 by forbidding individuals from leaving their homes, radically limiting public transportation,...

Retaining VA Women’s Health Primary Care Providers: Work Setting Matters

October 2020

When an experienced provider opts to leave a healthcare workforce (attrition), there are significant costs, both direct and indirect.

Association of Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes With Risk of Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease in Postmenopausal Women

September 2020

Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death among women in the U.S. and identification of sex-specific risk factors could enhance cardiovascular risk assessment and prevention.

People

Pascaline Dupas Headshot Pascaline Dupas Senior Fellow Professor, Economics, Senior Fellow, SIEPR, Director, Stanford King Center on Global Development
Alberto Diaz-Cayeros Headshot Alberto Díaz-Cayeros Senior Fellow Professor, by courtesy, Political Science
1 RSD13 085 0052a 001 David Relman Senior Fellow Professor, Medicine, Professor, Microbiology and Immunology
Roz low res 9 11 cropped Rosamond L. Naylor Senior Fellow William Wrigley Professor of Earth System Science, Senior Fellow, Stanford Woods Institute and Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies, Senior Fellow and Founding Director, Center on Food Security and the Environment
Steve Luby Headshot Stephen P. Luby Senior Fellow Professor, Medicine, Senior Fellow, Woods Institute for the Environment, Professor, Epidemiology & Population Health (by courtesy)
lanhee chen 2017 headshot reduced size Lanhee J. Chen Affiliate, CDDRL David and Diane Steffy Fellow in American Public Policy Studies, Hoover Institution, Director of Domestic Policy Studies and Lecturer, Public Policy Program
rsd15 081 0253a Paul H. Wise Senior Fellow Professor, Pediatrics, Senior Fellow, FSI
2011May20KohrmanMatthewWEB Matthew Kohrman Senior Fellow, by courtesy Associate Professor, Anthropology
scott rozelle new headshot Scott Rozelle Senior Fellow Helen F. Farnsworth Endowed Professorship, Co-director, SCCEI
p1010241 Jonathan Shaw Clinical Assistant Professor, Medicine
glenn chertow Glenn M. Chertow Professor, Medicine
22940078479 cc5040fcbc o Eric Sun Assistant Professor, Anesthesiology