Health and Medicine

Health and Medicine

FSI’s researchers assess health and medicine through the lenses of economics, nutrition and politics. They’re studying and influencing public health policies of local and national governments and the roles that corporations and nongovernmental organizations play in providing health care around the world. Scholars look at how governance affects citizens’ health, how children’s health care access affects the aging process and how to improve children’s health in Guatemala and rural China. They want to know what it will take for people to cook more safely and breathe more easily in developing countries.

FSI professors investigate how lifestyles affect health. What good does gardening do for older Americans? What are the benefits of eating organic food or growing genetically modified rice in China? They study cost-effectiveness by examining programs like those aimed at preventing the spread of tuberculosis in Russian prisons. Policies that impact obesity and undernutrition are examined; as are the public health implications of limiting salt in processed foods and the role of smoking among men who work in Chinese factories. FSI health research looks at sweeping domestic policies like the Affordable Care Act and the role of foreign aid in affecting the price of HIV drugs in Africa.

Recent Scholarly Publications

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The Changing Risk and Burden of Wildfire in the US

June 2020

Recent dramatic and deadly increases in global wildfire activity have increased attention on the causes of wildfires, their consequences, and how risk from fire might be mitigated.

Intended and Unintended Consequences of a New Limit on Working Hours in South Korea: Implications for Precarious Employment

June 2020

Effective as of July 1, 2018, South Korea set a new cap on employees’ weekly working hours, decreasing the maximum number from 68 to 52.

COVID-19 Incidence and the Timing of Quarantine Measures and Travel Restrictions: A Cross-country Analysis

June 2020

COVID-19 presents humanity with not just a health crisis but also a governance crisis as leaders around the globe confront the challenges of stemming the spread of the virus.

Healthy Aging in Asia

May 2020

Life expectancy in Japan, South Korea, and much of urban China has now outpaced that of the United States and other high-income countries.

Intention to Pay for HPV Vaccination among Women of Childbearing Age in Vietnam

May 2020

The intention to pay for human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination among women of childbearing age in Vietnam, where cervical cancer remains a significant public health concern, has been mostly...

Fateful Decisions: Choices That Will Shape China's Future

May 2020

Explore our series of multimedia interviews and Q&As with the contributors to this volume: China’s Incentives to Work Within the U.S.-led International Order Remain Compelling, Argues Thomas...

Depressive Symptoms and the Link with Academic Performance among Rural Taiwanese Children

April 2020

Previous studies reflect a high prevalence of depressive symptoms among Taiwanese adolescents (ages 13–18), but there is an absence of literature related to the risk of depression of children in...

Habitat fragmentation, livelihood behaviors, and contact between people and nonhuman primates in Africa

April 2020

Deforestation and landscape fragmentation have been identified as processes enabling direct transmission of zoonotic infections.

China’s Challenges: Now It Gets Much Harder

March 2020

The easy phases of China’s quest for wealth and power are over. After forty years, every one of a set of favorable conditions has diminished or vanished, and China’s future, neither inevitable nor...

Parental Migration and Early Childhood Development in Rural China

March 2020

Nearly one-quarter of all children under age 2 in China are left behind in the countryside as parents migrate to urban areas for work.We use a four-wave longitudinal survey following young children...

Archaeology and contemporary emerging zoonosis: A framework for predicting future Rift Valley fever virus outbreaks

January 2020

Modelling of emerging vector borne diseases serves as an important complement to clinical studies of modern zoonoses.

Expanding the Agnotological Toolbox: Methods of Sex and Gender Analysis (Chapter in Science and the Production of Ignorance: When the Quest for Knowledge Is Thwarted)

January 2020

An introduction to the new area of ignorance studies that examines how science produces ignorance—both actively and passively, intentionally and unintentionally.

The downstream air pollution impacts of the transition from coal to natural gas in the United States

January 2020

The recent shift in the United States from coal to natural gas as a primary feedstock for the production of electric power has reduced the intensity of sectoral carbon dioxide emissions, but—due to...

Seeing is Believing: Experimental Evidence on the Impact of Eyeglasses on Academic Performance, Aspirations, and Dropout among Junior High School Students in Rural China

December 2019

We present the results of a randomized trial testing the impact of providing free eyeglasses on academic outcomes of junior high school students in a poor rural area of western China.

Causes of Indonesia’s forest fires

November 2019

The economic costs of Indonesia’s 2015 forest fires are estimated to exceed US $16 billion, with more than 100,000 premature deaths.

Sex and gender analysis improves science and engineering

November 2019

The goal of sex and gender analysis is to promote rigorous, reproducible and responsible science.

Healing One-fifth of Humanity: Progress and Challenges for China’s Health System

October 2019

China’s national health reforms over the past two decades have brought the system closer to the modern, safe, reliable and accessible health system that is commensurate with China’s dramatic...

Assembly of the LongSHOT cohort: public record linkage on a grand scale

September 2019

Background Virtually all existing evidence linking access to firearms to elevated risks of mortality and morbidity comes from ecological and case–control studies.

Using Community Health Workers to Deliver a Scalable Integrated Parenting Program in Rural China: A Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial

September 2019

Inadequate care during early childhood can lead to long-term deficits in skill development.

The Landscape of Early Childhood Development in Rural China

August 2019

In China, low levels of early childhood development (ECD) in rural areas may inhibit economic development as the nation attempts to transition from a middle-income manufacturing-based economy to a...

Stimulation and Early Child Development in China: Caregiving at Arm's Length

May 2019

ABSTRACT: Objective: To provide an empirical overview of the parenting landscape in rural China, focusing on 18- to 30-month-old children and their caregivers in rural Shaanxi province.

Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) of Cysticercosis in School-Aged Children in Tibetan Rural Farming Areas of Western China: Implications for Intervention Planning

March 2019

Neurocysticercosis (NCC) significantly contributes to morbidity in developing countries. We recently published a study of prevalence and risk factors in school-aged children in three mountainous...

Are Infant/Toddler Developmental Delays a Problem Across Rural China?

February 2019

Using the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development-III (BSID-III), we examine the rates of developmental delays among children aged 0–3 years in four major subpopulations of rural China,...

Social Engagement and Elderly Health in China: Evidence from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Survey (CHARLS)

January 2019

This study examines the impact of social engagement on elderly health in China. A two-stage residual inclusion (2SRI) regression approach was used to examine the causal relationship.

People

Owens1 Douglas K. Owens Senior Fellow Professor, Medicine (CHP/PCOR)
scott rozelle new headshot Scott Rozelle Senior Fellow, Helen F. Farnsworth Endowed Professorship
dupas cropped Pascaline Dupas Senior Fellow Associate Professor, Economics, Senior Fellow, SIEPR
rsd15 081 0253a Paul H. Wise Senior Fellow Senior Fellow , Professor, Pediatrics (CHP/PCOR)
2011May20KohrmanMatthewWEB Matthew Kohrman Senior Fellow, by courtesy Associate Professor, Anthropology
headshot Joshua Salomon Senior Fellow Professor, Medicine CHP/PCOR
Roz low res 9 11 cropped Rosamond L. Naylor Senior Fellow William Wrigley Professor of Earth System Science, Senior Fellow, Stanford Woods Institute and Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies, Professor, by courtesy, Economics, Senior Fellow and Founding Director, Center on Food Security and the Environment
ADiaz website Alberto Díaz-Cayeros Senior Fellow Professor, by courtesy, Political Science
1 RSD13 085 0052a 001 David Relman Senior Fellow Professor, Medicine, Professor, Microbiology and Immunology
lanhee chen 2017 headshot reduced size Lanhee J. Chen Affiliate at the Center on Democracy Development and the Rule of Law
rsd15 081 0344a Jay Bhattacharya Senior Fellow by Courtesy Professor, Medicine (CHP/PCOR)
rsd15 055 0123a Grant Miller Senior Fellow Associate Professor, Medicine (CHP/PCOR)