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Health and Medicine

Health and Medicine

FSI’s researchers assess health and medicine through the lenses of economics, nutrition and politics. They’re studying and influencing public health policies of local and national governments and the roles that corporations and nongovernmental organizations play in providing health care around the world. Scholars look at how governance affects citizens’ health, how children’s health care access affects the aging process and how to improve children’s health in Guatemala and rural China. They want to know what it will take for people to cook more safely and breathe more easily in developing countries.

FSI professors investigate how lifestyles affect health. What good does gardening do for older Americans? What are the benefits of eating organic food or growing genetically modified rice in China? They study cost-effectiveness by examining programs like those aimed at preventing the spread of tuberculosis in Russian prisons. Policies that impact obesity and undernutrition are examined; as are the public health implications of limiting salt in processed foods and the role of smoking among men who work in Chinese factories. FSI health research looks at sweeping domestic policies like the Affordable Care Act and the role of foreign aid in affecting the price of HIV drugs in Africa.

Recent Publications

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Stimulation and Early Child Development in China: Caregiving at Arm's Length

May 2019

ABSTRACT: Objective: To provide an empirical overview of the parenting landscape in rural China, focusing on 18- to 30-month-old children and their caregivers in rural Shaanxi province.

Evaluating Social Programs: The Case of World Health Partners-Sky

May 2019

This case looks at the challenges of managing and evaluating  new models of healthcare delivery in international development.

Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) of Cysticercosis in School-Aged Children in Tibetan Rural Farming Areas of Western China: Implications for Intervention Planning

March 2019

Neurocysticercosis (NCC) significantly contributes to morbidity in developing countries. We recently published a study of prevalence and risk factors in school-aged children in three mountainous...

Assessing the Quality of Primary Healthcare in Seven Chinese Provinces with Unannounced Standardised patients: Protocol of a Cross-sectional Survey

February 2019

Introduction Primary healthcare (PHC) serves as the cornerstone for the attainment of universal health coverage (UHC).

Social Engagement and Elderly Health in China: Evidence from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Survey (CHARLS)

January 2019

This study examines the impact of social engagement on elderly health in China. A two-stage residual inclusion (2SRI) regression approach was used to examine the causal relationship.

The Impact of Energy Access on Mothers’ Health, Labor, and Time Allocation

January 2019

This paper shows that, for mothers in Cebu, Philippines, access to electricity and the type of cooking fuel used at home affect both health outcomes and also how time is allocated, including for...

How Individuals’ Birth Weight and Later Risk Factors Interact to Determine Their Risk of Cardiovascular Disease: A Longitudinal Study in the Philippines

January 2019

Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), which are disorders of the heart and blood vessels, are the world’s leading cause of death (WHO, 2016).

Future Projection of the Health and Functional Status of Older People in Japan: A Pseudopanel Microsimulation Model*

January 2019

Background: Precise future projection of population health distribution is imperative for designing an efficient healthcare system in rapidly aging countries.

Weather Shocks and International Labor Mobility: Evidence from the Philippines

January 2019

The main goal of this paper is to examine whether natural disasters and the damages they cause contribute to the international migration of Filipino workers.

The Impact of Adolescents’ Risky Health Behaviors on Their Later Economic Outcomes

January 2019

Risky health behaviors such as illicit drug use, smoking, overconsumption of alcohol, violence, and early sexual activity have contemporaneous and intertemporal adverse health and economic outcomes...

FSI Publications 2017 - 2018

December 2018

The faculty of the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies enjoyed a productive period of policy-resonant scholarship spanning from winter quarter 2017 to fall quarter 2018.  This...

The Impact of Social Pensions on Intergenerational Relationships: Comparative Evidence from China

December 2018

China launched a new rural pension scheme (NRPS) for rural residents in 2009, now covering almost all counties with over 400 million people enrolled.

Editing Biosecurity: Needs and Strategies for Governing Genome Editing

December 2018

This study’s purpose was to highlight the changing safety and security landscape engendered by the emergence of new genome editing technologies, help policy-makers and other stakeholders navigate...

The Effect of Providing Free Eyeglasses on Children's Mental Health Outcomes in China: A Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial

December 2018

Abstract: If children with common vision problems receive and use eyeglasses, their educational performance rises.

Estimation of global insulin use for type 2 diabetes, 2018–30: a microsimulation analysis

November 2018

Background:The amount of insulin needed to effectively treat type 2 diabetes worldwide is unknown.

Bearing the Weight of the World: Exploring Maternal Embodiment (Chapter: Indeterminate Life: Dealing with Radioactive Contamination as a Voluntary Evacuee Mother)

October 2018

The maternal body is a site of contested dynamics of power, identity, experience, autonomy, occupation, and control.

Anemia and Student's Educational Performance in Rural Central China: Prevalence, Correlates, and Impacts.

October 2018

Anemia in children impairs physical growth and cognitive development, reducing their overall human capital accumulation.

Chronic long-term risk of low-level radiation exposure: Bridging the lay/expert divide

August 2018

Abstract: The failure of experts and lay people to understand each other has been fueling conflict around the environmental clean-up of the many sites in the United States that are contaminated by...

Armed conflict and child mortality in Africa: a geospatial analysis

August 2018

The extent to which armed conflicts—events such as civil wars, rebellions, and interstate conflicts—are an important driver of child mortality is unclear.

Do Infant Feeding Practices Differ Between Grandmothers and Mothers in Rural China? Evidence From Rural Shaanxi Province

August 2018

The overall goal of this study is to examine whether infant feeding practices differ between mothers and grandmothers in rural China.

Teachers' Influence on Purchase and Wear of Children's Glasses in Rural China: The PRICE Study

August 2018

Importance:Uncorrected refractive error causes 90% of poor vision among Chi-nese children.Background:Little is known about teachers' influence on children's glasses wear.Design:Cohort study...

The fog of development: evaluating the Millennium Villages Project

August 2018

 Shira Mitchell and colleagues' endline evaluation of the Millennium Villages Project (MVP) in The Lancet Global Health marks an important chapter in our understanding of Africa’s meandering path...

Cost Effectiveness of Radiation and Chemotherapy for High-Risk Low Grade Glioma

August 2018

The standard of care treatment for maximally resected, high risk (≥ 40 years old or sub-totally resected) low grade glioma (LGG) patients was established by RTOG 9802, which showed an overall...

Higher temperatures increase suicide rates in the United States and Mexico

July 2018

Linkages between climate and mental health are often theorized, but remain poorly quantified.

People

Jay Bhattacharya Senior Fellow by Courtesy Professor, Medicine (CHP/PCOR)
Alberto Díaz-Cayeros Senior Fellow Professor, by courtesy, Political Science
David Relman Senior Fellow Professor, Medicine, Professor, Microbiology and Immunology
Kathryn M. McDonald Senior Research Scholar Executive Director, CHP/PCOR, Senior Scholar, CHP/PCOR
Grant Miller Senior Fellow Associate Professor, Medicine (CHP/PCOR)
Stephen P. Luby Senior Fellow Professor, Medicine (CHP/PCOR)
Douglas K. Owens Senior Fellow Professor, Medicine (CHP/PCOR)
Scott Rozelle Senior Fellow, Helen F. Farnsworth Endowed Professorship
Pascaline Dupas Senior Fellow Associate Professor, Economics, Senior Fellow, SIEPR
Rosamond L. Naylor Senior Fellow William Wrigley Professor of Earth System Science, Senior Fellow, Stanford Woods Institute and Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies, Professor, by courtesy, Economics, Senior Fellow and Founding Director, Center on Food Security and the Environment
Paul H. Wise Senior Fellow Senior Fellow , Professor, Pediatrics (CHP/PCOR)
Matthew Kohrman Senior Fellow, by courtesy Associate Professor, Anthropology