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This image is having trouble loading!FSI researchers examine the role of energy sources from regulatory, economic and societal angles. The Program on Energy and Sustainable Development (PESD) investigates how the production and consumption of energy affect human welfare and environmental quality. Professors assess natural gas and coal markets, as well as the smart energy grid and how to create effective climate policy in an imperfect world. This includes how state-owned enterprises – like oil companies – affect energy markets around the world. Regulatory barriers are examined for understanding obstacles to lowering carbon in energy services. Realistic cap and trade policies in California are studied, as is the creation of a giant coal market in China.

Recent Scholarly Publications

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China's Accession to and Implementation of International Environmental Accords 1978-95

February 1998

China’s performance in numerous environmental areas—emission of greenhouse gases, use of ozone-depleting substances, reduction of sulphur dioxide emissions, or exploitation of fishing grounds in...

Energy and Security in East Asia

January 1998

This study examines the likely security consequences of the continued growth in energy consumption in East Asia, and in particular:The dimensions of that growth which are likely to have an effect...

Degradation of Biological Weapons Agents in the Environment: Implications for Terrorism Response

December 2005

We investigate the impact on effective terrorism response of the viability degradation of biological weapons agents in the environment.

Kuwait Petroleum Corporation: Searching for Strategy in a Fragmented Oil Sector

July 2008

By most measures, including Kuwait Petroleum Corporation's ability to meet its own targets, the enterprise performs poorly.  Many of the problems are traceable to the profound dysfunction and...

Proliferation and the U.S. Alliances in Northeast Asia

September 1997

This APARC discussion series clearly recognizes that the international and regional condi- tions of the post–Cold War era raise new and vexing questions about the future of the United States and...

Comparative Analysis of Approaches to the Protection of Fissile Materials, A

May 1998

From the preface: "Events in recent years have caused heightened concern about the security of weapons-usable nuclear material.

An Alternative Framework for the Control of Nuclear Materials

May 1999

The decade of the 1990s has seen renewed concerns over nuclear proliferation, both horizontal and vertical.

Arms Control, Compliance, and the Law

May 1988

The expected degree of compliance with agreements or treaties under negotiation must be inferred from the record of the past as well as from the expectations that are raised by the willingness of...

Can Strategic Partners Be Nuclear Rivals?

February 1997

Transcript of the first in a series of lectures on  "The U.S.-Russian Strategic Partnership: Premature or Overdue?" This discussion focused on what Russia and the United States might do to...

Climate Change and the Transformation of World Energy Supply

May 1999

This report outlines the changes in energy supply that will be required over the next fifty years.

Commercializing Technology: What Should DOD Learn from DOE?

November 1990

In this report, the author addresses: (1) the basis for federal government intervention in energy markets;(2) the mechanisms DOE employed to assist in the commercialization of energy technology;(3)...

Does the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) require its non-nuclear-weapon members to permit inspection by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) of nuclear activities that have not been reported to the IAEA?

April 1992

This analysis argues that the basic purpose of NPT safeguards—to verify compliance with an obligation not to "manufacture" nuclear weapons—could be easily thwarted if a non-nuclear-weapon party is...

Implications of a Comprehensive Test Ban for China's Security Policy

June 1997

This paper focuses on the impact of a comprehensive test ban on China's nuclear program and security policy.

Loose Nukes: Security Issues on the U.S.-Russian Agenda

March 1997

Risk can be thought of as the product of consequence times probability.

Maritime Security Mechanisms for the Asian-Pacific Region

February 1994

With the significant changes in the Asian-Pacific security environment in the post-Cold War era, cooperation in the region becomes both attainable and necessary.

Notes on Trident Nuclear Weapons Safety

January 1995

This report summarizes analytical work completed on the Trident SLBM nuclear weapons safety issue.

Nuclear Weapons Safety After the Cold War: Technical and Organizational Opportunities for Improvement

August 1994

The end of the Cold War creates both new challenges and new opportunities for improving nuclear weapons safety.

Nuclear Weapons Safety and Trident: Issues and Options

August 1993

The Trident sysem consists of the Ohio-class ballistic-missile-carrying submarines (SSBNs), the C-4 and D-5 submarine-launched-ballistic missiles (SLBMs), and the reentry vehicles (RVs) and...

Reducing the Risk of Dangerous Military Activities

July 1991

Operational arms control can take many forms, and one of the most important is direct military-to-military talks.

Report of the third Russian-American Entrepreneurial Workshop on Defense Technology Conversion held at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

January 1995

This report comprises a description, summary, and analysis of an entrepreneurial training workshop for Russian nuclear scientists held at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), May 9-20...

Rivalries Between Nuclear Power Projectors: Why the Lines Will Be Drawn Again

May 1996

Nuclear war is generally believed to bring risks of destruction out of proportion to any gain that may be secured by the war, or to any loss that may be averted, except perhaps for the loss of...

Security Issues in the Handling and Disposition of Fissionable Material

November 1993

The prevention of nuclear proliferation is intimately related to stringent restraints on the supply of fissionable material available for weapons.

START and China's Policy on Nuclear Weapons and Disarmament in the 1990s

May 1991

After eight years of marathon negotiations, the United States and the Soviet Union are finally close to concluding a strategic-arms-reduction treaty (START).

Nuclear Warfare

December 2008

Technology has always had a profound influence on the character of war.


Roz low res 9 11 cropped Rosamond L. Naylor Senior Fellow William Wrigley Professor of Earth System Science, Senior Fellow, Stanford Woods Institute and Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies, Senior Fellow and Founding Director, Center on Food Security and the Environment
Steve Luby Headshot Stephen P. Luby Senior Fellow Professor, Medicine, Senior Fellow, Woods Institute for the Environment, Professor, Epidemiology & Population Health (by courtesy)
Michael Bennon Pic Michael Bennon Research Scholar, CDDRL Program Manager, Global Infrastructure Policy Research Initiative
2214 small C RICEMI60239 004078r5X7 Condoleezza Rice Senior Fellow, by courtesy Professor, Political Science, Professor, Management, Senior Fellow, Hoover Institution
frank wolak Frank Wolak PESD Director, Senior Fellow Professor, Economics
man smiling Cameron Tracy Research Scholar
Rod Ewing Rodney C. Ewing Senior Fellow Professor of Geological Sciences
Fuller Gerald Fuller Fletcher Jones Professor in the School of Engineering
freyberg David Freyberg Associate Professor, Civil Engineering
Mark's profile picture Mark C. Thurber Associate Director for Research at PESD, Social Science Research Scholar
IMG 0795 Ognen Stojanovski Research Affiliate at PESD
yang yu headshot Yang Yu SCPKU Pre-Doctoral Fellow, Fall 2014