Security

Members of NATO sit around table in conference

Security

FSI's scholars tackle a range of issues, from longstanding concerns like nuclear nonproliferation and military defense to new challenges such as cybersecurity, biosecurity and emerging regional conflicts.

Research Spotlight

Overlapping atoms combine in the shape of a flower

Particulate Plutonium Released from the Fukushima Daiichi Meltdowns

A new study reveals particles that were released from nuclear plants damaged in the devastating 2011 Tohoku earthquake and tsunami contained small amounts of radioactive plutonium.
Potemkin Papers

Potemkin Pages & Personas: Assessing GRU Online Operations, 2014-2019

Upon request by the United States Senate Select Committee on Intelligence (SSCI), researchers reviewed a data set of social media posts that Facebook provided to SSCI.
A woman in Mexico grieves

Living in Fear: The Dynamics of Extortion in Mexico’s Drug War

Using new survey data from Mexico, including list experiments to elicit responses about potentially illegal behavior, this article measures the prevalence of extortion and assistance among drug trafficking organizations.

Featured Scholars

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Megan Palmer

CISAC Affiliated Researcher
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Megan Palmer

CISAC Affiliated Researcher
Executive Director, Bio Policy & Leadership Initiatives, Department of Bioengineering
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Scott Sagan

Senior Fellow at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies
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Scott Sagan

Senior Fellow at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies
Caroline S.G. Munro Professor of Political Science
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Alex Stamos

Director, Stanford Internet Observatory
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Alex Stamos

Director, Stanford Internet Observatory
Visiting Scholar at the Hoover Institution
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Amy Zegart

Senior Fellow at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies
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Amy Zegart

Senior Fellow at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies
Davies Family Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution

Upcoming Events

See all upcoming events related to our research on international security.

Publications

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Working Papers

Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response: Use of Information Technologies and Decision Support Systems

Dena M. Bravata, Kathryn M. McDonald, Douglas K. Owens, David Buckeridge, Corinna Haberland, Chara Rydzak, Mark Schleinitz, Wendy Smith, H Szeto, Dean Wilkening
UCSF-Stanford Evidence-Based Practice Center, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, 2002 June 1, 2002

The Nation's capacity to respond to bioterrorism depends in part on the ability of clinicians and public health officials to detect, manage, and communicate during a bioterrorism event. Information technologies and decision support systems (IT/DSSs) have the potential to aid clinicians (e.g., physicians, nurses, nurse practitioners, and respiratory therapists) and public health officials to respond effectively to a bioterrorist attack.

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Journal Articles

Beijing Red Guard Factionalism: Social Interpretations Reconsidered

Andrew G. Walder
The Journal of Asian Studies, 2002 May 1, 2002

A generation of research on Red Guard politics has traced the origins of its debilitating factionalism to social and political divisions that were well established among students on the eve of the Cultural Revolution. These social interpretations impute political motives to student activists according to their positions in the pre-Cultural Revolution status quo. However, a closer examination of events during the summer and early autumn of 1966 in BeijingÑwhere the Red Guards and their factional divisions first emergedÑsuggests a different interpretation.

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Journal Articles

Comparison of Treadmill Scores with Physician Estimates of Diagnosis and Prognosis in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease

Michael Lipinski, Victor Froelicher, Eddie Atwood, Anna Tseitlin, Barry Franklin, Lars Osterberg, Dat Do, Jonathan Myers
American Heart Journal, 2002 April 1, 2002

Our purpose was to compare exercise test scores and ST measurements with a physician's estimation of the probability of the presence and severity of angiographic disease and the risk of death. The American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association exercise testing guidelines provide equations to calculate treadmill scores and recommend their use to improve the predictive accuracy of the standard exercise test.

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Working Papers

Reducing the Threat of Nuclear Theft and Sabotage

George Bunn, Matthew Bunn
IAEA International Symposium, 2002 April 1, 2002

The events of 11 September 2001 require a major international initiative to review nuclear materials and facilities protection worldwide. Matthew and George Bunn recommend a range of specific steps to upgrade security at individual facilities and strengthen national and international standards, in order to secure nuclear material from theft and facilities from sabotage.

This article is based on a paper presented at the IAEA International Symposium on Safeguards in late 2001.

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Journal Articles

Strengthening Nuclear Security Against Post-September 11 Threats of Theft and Sabotage

George Bunn, Matt Bunn
Journal of Nuclear Materials Management, 2002 April 1, 2002

The appalling events of September 11, 2001, require a major international initiative to strengthen security for nuclear materials and facilities worldwide, and to put stringent security standards in place. This paper recommends a range of specific steps to upgrade security at individual facilities and strengthen national and international standards, with the goal of building a world in which all weapons-usable nuclear material is secure and accounted for, and all nuclear facilities are secured from sabotage, with sufficient transparency that

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Journal Articles

The Liberty Doctrine: Reclaiming the Purpose of American Power

Michael A. McFaul
Policy Review, 2002 April 1, 2002

The immediate response of President Bush and his administration to the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks against the United States was superb, both purposeful and principled a military, political, and diplomatic success. But what comes next? In his State of the Union address, Bush suggested specific targets of future phases of the war the axis of evil of Iraq, Iran, and North Korea.

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Policy Briefs

Is the Elephant Learning to Dance? The Diffusion of the Internet in the Republic of India

Seymour Goodman, Peter Wolcott
CISAC/GTISC, 2002 April 1, 2002
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Testimonies

U.S.-Russian Relations After September 11th

Michael McFaul, Celeste A. Wallander, Z. Blake Marshall
Sucommittee on Europe, Committee on International Relations, United States Congress, 2002 February 27, 2002

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Just about a year ago, this newly created Subcommittee opened its formal hearings with a look at the U.S.-European relationship. I said at the time I felt that the transatlantic relationship was the most important relationship this nation had. Today, in the aftermath of 911, I feel this relationship is even more important and in many respects stronger than ever.

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Working Papers

People's Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF): Shifting Airpower Balance and Challenges to India's Security

Ramesh V. Phadke
CISAC, 2002 February 1, 2002

China is India's largest and most important neighbor, and despite recent efforts at improving relations between the two countries, the over half-century-old border dispute remains unresolved. While the prospects of a Sino-Indian border war are remote, it is essential that India understand the security implications of the rapidly modernizing Chinese military. It is in this context that this paper attempts to assess the airpower balance and the growing strength of the People's Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF).

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Working Papers

European Security before and after September 11

Heinz Gaertner
, 2002 February 1, 2002
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Journal Articles

Putin's War on Terrorism: Lessons From Chechnya

Gail W. Lapidus
Post-Soviet Affairs, 2002 January 1, 2002
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Journal Articles

Keeping National Missile Defense in Perspective

Dean Wilkening
Issues in Science and Technology, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 2002 January 1, 2002

The United States is in the midst of its third major debate on nationwide ballistic missile defense-the first culminating in the 1972 ABM Treaty and the second sparked by President Reagan's "Star Wars" speech in 1983. This time the Cold War is over, the objectives for the defense are limited, and technology has advanced to the point where some options may be technically feasible.

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Books

The USSR Defense Industry: From Militarization to Conversion

David Holloway
Lancer Publishers, in "Reshaping Asian Security", 2001 December 31, 2001

This book provides insights into the conceptual and practical framework for peace through cooperation that can lead us towards shaping a new Asia.

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Books

Building a World of Liberal Democracies

Larry Diamond
Hoover Institution Press in "Foreign Policy for America's Third Century: Alternative Perspectives", Thomas Henriksen, ed., 2001 December 31, 2001

Since the disintegration of the Soviet Union, questions have arisen as to which course the United States should sail in the new international order. In this volume, some of the nation's foremost foreign policy experts present carefully crafted and bold perspectives of what America's global role should be. All contributors, leading authorities in the fields of economics, history, international relations, and political science, offer alternative viewpoints.

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Books

Foreword to "Federalism and Ethnic Conflict in Nigeria"

Larry Diamond
U.S. Institute of Peace in "Federalism and Ethnic Conflict in Nigeria", Rotimi T. Suberu, ed., 2001 December 31, 2001

Nigeria is Africa's most populous country; its citizens are perhaps the best educated on the continent. It is the world's sixth-largest producer of oil. Nigeria also has probably the most elaborate system of government in the region. Yet the country teeters perilously close to massive civil upheaval.

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Books

Russian Electoral Trends

Michael A. McFaul
Cambridge University Press in "Russian Politics: Challenges of Democratization", Zoltan Borany, ed., 2001 December 31, 2001

What went wrong in Russias decade-old post-communist transition? A group of leading young scholars answer this question by offering assessments of five crucial political arenas during the Yeltsin era: elections, executive-legislative relations, interactions between the central state and the regions, economic reforms, and civil-military relations. All of the contributors recognize that adverse historical legacies have complicated Russian democratization.

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Books

Fires of Hatred: Ethnic Cleansing in Twentieth-Century Europe

Norman M. Naimark
Harvard University Press, 2001 December 31, 2001

Fires of Hatred: Ethnic Cleansing in Twentieth-Century Europe presents research Professor Norman Naimark conducted while working at the Forum on Contemporary Europe (FCE) on cases of ethnic cleansing, genocide, and forced migrations in five cases including Armenians in Turkey, Chechens-Ingush and Crimean Tatars in the USSR, Bosnian Muslims and Albanian Kosovars in the Yugoslav lands, as well as Jews in Nazi-occupied Europe, and Germans in Poland and Czechoslovakia. Such historical comparison dislodges common assumptions to reveal patterns of our modern world.

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Books

The Global Divergence of Democracies

Larry Diamond, Marc F. Plattner
Johns Hopkins University Press, 2001 December 31, 2001

Drawn from outstanding articles published in the Journal of Democracy, The Global Divergence of Democracies follows the enthusiastically received earlier volume, The Global Resurgence of Democracy.

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Books

Crop Science Research to Assure Food Security

Kenneth Cassman
CABI in Noesberger, J. et al. (eds) "Crop Science: Progess and Prospects", 2001 December 31, 2001

This book includes keynote invited papers from the Third International Crop Science Congress held in Hamburg, Germany, in August 2000. All papers have been prepared within strict editorial guidelines to ensure that the work is a balanced review text that provides an overview of the major issues confronting crop science today and in the future. It represents a suitable advanced textbook for students, as well as offering research workers concise overviews of topics adjacent to their areas of research.

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Books

Russian Strategic Nuclear Forces

Pavel Podvig
MIT Press, 2001 December 31, 2001

This encyclopedic book edited by Pavel Podvig provides comprehensive data about Soviet and Russian strategic weapons, payloads, and delivery systems and on the nuclear complex that supports them. The data are drawn from open, primarily Russian sources. Information is presented chronologically, arranged by individual systems and facilities, and is not available elsewhere in a single volume.

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Journal Articles

Nuclear Theft and Sabotage: Priorities or Reducing New Threats

George Bunn, Matt Bunn
IAEA Bulletin, 2001 December 31, 2001

This article focuses on steps to strengthen security for nuclear material and facilities. But the September attacks also clearly send the message that a broad range of other efforts - from nuclear arms reductions to strengthened export controls - must be redoubled to reduce the global threats posed by nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons.

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Journal Articles

Using El Nino/Southern Oscillation Climate Data to Predict Rice Production in Indonesia

Rosamond L. Naylor, Walter P. Falcon, Daniel Rochberg, Nikolas Wada
Climate Change, 2001 December 31, 2001

Despite the strong signal of El Nino/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) events on climate in the Indo-Pacific region, models linking ENSO-based climate variability to seasonal rice production and food security in the region have not been well developed or widely used in a policy context. This study successfully measures the connections among sea surface temperature anamolies (SSTAs), rainfall, and rice production in Indonesia during the past three decades. Regression results show particularly strong connections on Java, where 55% of the country's rice is grown.

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Journal Articles

Effects of Reducing Children's Television and Video Game Use on Aggressive Behavior: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Thomas N Robinson, ML Wilde, LC Navracruz, KF Haydel, A Varady
Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 2001 December 31, 2001
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Journal Articles

Constrained Global Optimization for Estimating Molecular Structure from Atomic Distances

GA Williams, JM Dugan, Russ B. Altman
Journal of Computational Biology, 2001 December 31, 2001

Finding optimal three-dimensional molecular configurations based on a limited amount of experimental and/or theoretical data requires efficient nonlinear optimization algorithms. Optimization methods must be able to find atomic configurations that are close to the absolute, or global, minimum error and also satisfy known physical constraints such as minimum separation distances between atoms (based on van der Waals interactions).

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