Publications

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Publications

Browse FSI scholarship on geopolitics, global health, energy, cybersecurity and more.

Featured Publications

Everything Counts: Building a Control Regime for Nonstrategic Nuclear Warheads in Europe

Building a Control Regime for Nonstrategic Nuclear Warheads in Europe

A new report led by Rose Gottemoeller on non-strategic nuclear warhead policies in Europe, particulary in light of Russia's changing status in the global nuclear community.
3D mockup cover of APARC's volume 'South Korea's Democracy in Crisis'

South Korea’s Democracy in Crisis

A close look at what is driving illiberalism and democratic delcine in today’s Korea, including political polarization, politicization of institutions, societal inequality, education, and social media.
System Error book cover and authors

System Error: Where Big Tech Went Wrong and How We Can Reboot

A forward-thinking manifesto which reveals how big tech’s obsession with optimization and efficiency has sacrificed fundamental human values.

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Paul H. Wise
Journal Articles

The Rebirth of Pediatrics

Paul H. Wise
Pediatrics, 2009 January 1, 2009

Any close examination of the epidemiologic trends in childhood suggests 2 fundamental findings. First, pediatrics has been among the most successful specialties in the history of medicine. Second, pediatrics must change. At the heart of this seeming paradox is the recognition that pediatrics has so altered the clinical threats to the well-being ofthe past 50 years that new structures of care will be required. The pride in pediatrics' remarkable record of impact and at the same time defend the status quo. modern children over epidemiology presents a ruthless logic: one cannot take

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Journal Articles

Variability in Pediatric Utilization of Trauma Facilities in California: 1999 to 2005

NE Wang, Olga Saynina, K Kuntz-Duriseti, Pam Mahlow, Paul Wise
Annals of Emergency Medicine, 2008 December 1, 2008

We identify geographic, system, and socioeconomic differences between injured children cared for within and outside of state-designated trauma centers.

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Journal Articles

Transforming Preconceptional, Prenatal, and Interconceptional Care into a Comprehensive Commitment to Women's Health

Paul Wise
Women's Health Issues, 2008 November 1, 2008

Preconception and interconception care respond to the growing body of evidence that many of the most important determinants of birth outcomes may exist before pregnancy occurs. In this sense, the strategy of extending prenatal care into the preconception and interconception periods marks a useful step in reforming the public health approach to improving birth outcomes. However, although helpful in underscoring the continuity of risk that can ultimately find expression in adverse birth outcomes, the concern is that without greater critical attention these

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Journal Articles

Using Linked Data to Assess Patterns of Early Intervention (EI) Referral Among Very Low Birth Weight Infants

Barfield WD, Clements KM, KG Lee, Kotelchuck M, Wilbur N, Paul Wise
Maternal and child health journal, 2008 January 1, 2008

Access to Early Intervention (EI) services may improve cognitive and behavioral outcomes in very low birth weight infants, but few states have population-based data to evaluate EI outreach efforts. We analyzed Massachusetts (MA) infants born weighing <1,200 g to identify maternal and birth characteristics that predicted EI referral and timing of referral.

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Books

Chronic Illness

RE Behrman, RM Kliegman, HB Jenson, Paul H. Wise
Elsevier Sciences in "Nelson's Textbook of Pediatrics", 17th Edition, 2007 December 31, 2007
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Journal Articles

The Future Pediatrician: The Challenge of Chronic Illness

Paul Wise
Journal of Pediatrics, 2007 November 1, 2007

To relate the changing epidemiology of childhood to current patterns of pediatric practice in the United States, a critical literature review and selected analyses of national datasets, including the National Health Interview Survey, the National Hospital Discharge Survey, and National Vital Statistics System, were conducted. Trends over the past several decades suggest that the incidence of serious acute illness in children has fallen while the prevalence of chronic disease has risen. These trends have resulted in a growing concentration of serious

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Journal Articles

The Relationship of Immigrant Status with Access, Utilization, and Health Status for Children with Asthma

JR Javier, Paul Wise, Fernando Mendoza
Ambulatory Pediatrics, 2007 November 1, 2007

Despite their high levels of poverty and less access to health care, children in immigrant families have better than expected health outcomes compared with children in nonimmigrant families. However, this observation has not been confirmed in children with chronic illness. The objective of this study was to determine whether children with asthma in immigrant families have better than expected health status than children with asthma in nonimmigrant families.

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Journal Articles

Inhalational, Gastrointestinal, and Cutaneous Anthrax in Children: A Systematic Review of Cases: 1900 to 2005

Dena M. Bravata, Jon-Erik Holty, E Wang, Robyn Lewis, Paul H. Wise, Kathryn M. McDonald, Douglas K. Owens
Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, 2007 September 1, 2007

Objective: To systematically review all published case reports of children with anthrax to evaluate the predictors of disease progression and mortality.

Data Sources: Fourteen selected journal indexes (1900-1966), MEDLINE (1966-2005), and the bibliographies of all retrieved articles.

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Working Papers

A Critical Analysis of Care Coordination Strategies for Children with Special Health Care Needs

Paul H. Wise, LC Huffman, G Brat
Stanford-UCSF Evidence-based Practice Center, for the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, 2007 June 1, 2007

Objectives: The goal of this technical review is to critically examine the issue of care coordination for children with special health care needs (CSHCN). Of particular interest is the knowledge base relating to those aspects of care coordination for CSHCN that are of greatest importance to current practice and policy challenges.

Review Methods: A structured search and review of the literature was conducted to address the following issues:

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Journal Articles

Families' Health-Related Social Problems and Missed Referral Opportunities

EW Fleegler, TA Lieu, Paul H. Wise, S Muret-Wagstaff
Pediatrics, 2007 June 1, 2007

Objective: The objectives of this study were to characterize (1) families' cumulative burden of health-related social problems regarding access to health care, housing, food security, income security, and intimate partner violence; (2) families' experiences regarding screening and referral for social problems; and (3) parental acceptability of screening and referral.

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Working Papers

Closing the Quality Gap: A Critical Analysis of Quality Improvement Strategies, Vol. 5: Asthma

Dena M. Bravata, Vandana Sundaram, Robyn Lewis, Allison Gienger, Michael K. Gould, Kathryn M. McDonald, Paul H. Wise, Jon-Erik Holty, Katherine E. Herz, H Paguntalan, C Sharp, J Kim, E Wang, L Chamberlain, L Shieh, Douglas K. Owens
Stanford-UCSF Evidence-based Practice Center, for the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, 2007 January 1, 2007

Objectives:

Despite the availability of evidence-based guidelines for the management of pediatric and adult asthma, there remains a significant gap between accepted best practices for asthma care and actual care delivered to asthma patients. The purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate the evidence that quality improvement (QI) strategies can improve the processes and outcomes of outpatient care for children and adults with asthma.

Data Sources:

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Journal Articles

Trauma Center Utilization for Children 1998-2004: Trends and Areas for Further Analysis

NE Wang, Jia Chan, Pam Mahlow, Paul H. Wise
Academic Emergency Medicine, 2006 December 31, 2006

Background: While trauma systems improve the outcome of injury in children, there is a paucity of information regarding trauma regionalization system function amid dramatic changes in the financial structure of health care.

Objective: To describe the distribution of acute hospitalization of children with severe trauma by level of hospital trauma care designation in California.

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Working Papers

Pediatric Anthrax: Implications for Bioterrorism Preparedness

Dena M. Bravata, E Wang, Jon-Erik Holty, Robyn Lewis, Paul H. Wise, Smita Nayak, Hau Liu, Kathryn McDonald, Douglas Owens
Prepared for the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality by the Stanford-UCSF Evidence-based Practice Center, under contract #290-02-0017, 2006 August 17, 2006

Objectives:

To systematically review the literature about children with anthrax to describe their clinical course, treatment responses, and the predictors of disease progression and mortality.

Data Sources:

MEDLINE® (1966-2005), 14 selected journal indexes (1900-1966) and bibliographies of all retrieved articles.

Review Methods:

We sought case reports of pediatric anthrax published between 1900 and 2005 meeting predefined criteria. We abstracted three types of data from the English-language reports:

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Journal Articles

Intergenerational Health Disparities: Socioeconomic Status, Women's Health Conditions, and Child Behavior Problems

Kahn RS, Wilson K, Paul H. Wise
Public Health Reports, 2005 July 1, 2005

Objective: Relatively little is known about the intergenerational mechanisms that lead to social disparities in child health. We examined whether the association between low socioeconomic status (SES) and child behavior problems is mediated by maternal health conditions and behavior.

Methods: Prospective cohort data (1979-1998) on 2,677 children and their mothers were obtained from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth. SES, the Child Behavior Problems Index (BPI), and maternal smoking, depressive symptoms, and alcohol use before, during, and after pregnancy were examined.

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Journal Articles

Lost Boys of Sudan: Functional and Behavioral Health of Unaccompanied Refugee Minors Resettled in the United States, The

PL Geltman, W Grant-Knight, SD Mehta, C Lloyd-Travaglini, S Lustig, JM Landgraf, Paul H. Wise
Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 2005 June 1, 2005

Objective: To assess the functional and behavioral health of unaccompanied Sudanese refugee minors approximately 1 year after resettlement in the United States.

Design: A descriptive survey.

Setting: Local refugee foster care programs affiliated with the US Unaccompanied Refugee Minors Program.

Participants: A total of 304 Sudanese refugee minors enrolled in the US Unaccompanied Refugee Minors Program.

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Journal Articles

Transformation Of Child Health In The United States, The

Paul H. Wise
Health Affairs, 2004 September 1, 2004

Social trends and medical progress have fueled major changes in the epidemiology of child health in the United States. Injuries remain a major contributor to childhood illness and death. However, among noninjury causes, chronic illness now accounts for the majority of children's hospital days and deaths. Although mortality rates for all children have fallen dramatically, social disparities persist.

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