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Paul H. Wise
Journal Articles

Lancet Series on Women’s and Children’s Health in Conflict Settings

Paul H. Wise, Eran Bendavid, Stephen J. Stedman
2021

A new four-paper series in The Lancet exposes the far-reaching effects of modern warfare on women’s and children’s health.

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Working Papers

CHOLERA IN YEMEN: A CASE STUDY OF EPIDEMIC PREPAREDNESS AND RESPONSE

Paul H. Wise
2018

The cholera response in Yemen was and remains extremely complicated and challenging for a variety of political, security, cultural, and environmental reasons. The study team recognizes these challenges and commends the government, international and national organizations, and the donors for working to find solutions in such a difficult context. There are no easy fixes to these challenges, and the conclusions and recommendations are meant to be constructive and practical, taking into account the extreme limitations of working in Yemen during an active conflict.

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Journal Articles

Examining humanitarian principles in changing warfare

Paul H. Wise
2018

Violence in war must have a limit. Those who are not participating in the hostilities should be protected to prevent war from sinking into barbarity. Today, this is safeguarded by international humanitarian law (IHL), of which the cornerstones are the four Geneva Conventions of 1949 and its Additional Protocols.

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Journal Articles

The Mosul Trauma Response A Case Study

Paul H. Wise, Paul B. Spiegel
2018

The Battle of Mosul was one of the largest urban sieges since World War II. From October 2016 and July 2017, Iraqi and Kurdish forces fought to retake Iraq’s second largest city, which had fallen to ISIL in 2014. They were backed by U.S.-led coalition forces. More than 940,000 civilians fled during the siege, and thousands were injured as they sought safety.

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Journal Articles

Civil War & the Global Threat of Pandemics

Paul H. Wise (198646), Michele Barry
2018

This essay confronts the collision of two potential global threats: the outbreak of infectious pandemics and the outbreak and protraction of civil wars.

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Journal Articles

Childhood Illness and the Gender Gap in Adolescent Education in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

Anlu Xing, Paul H. Wise, Gary L. Darmstadt, Eran Bendavid
Pediatrics , 2017

Achieving gender equality in education is an important development goal.  We tested the hypothesis that the gender gap in adolescent education is accentuated by illnesses among young children in the household.

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Journal Articles

The Epidemiologic Challenge to the Conduct of Just War: Confronting Indirect Civilian Casualties of War

Paul H. Wise
Daedalus , 2017

Most civilian casualties in war are not the result of direct exposure to bombs and bullets; they are due to the destruction of the essentials of daily living, including food, water, shelter, and health care. These “indirect” effects are too often invisible and not adequately assessed nor addressed by just war principles or global humanitarian response.

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Journal Articles

Prevalence and Predictors of Malnutrition among Guatemalan Children at 2 Years of Age

Jason M. Nagata, James Gippetti, Stefan Wager, Alejandro Chavez, Paul H. Wise
PLoS One , 2016

Objective

To identify the prevalence and predictors of malnutrition among 2-year old children in the Western Highlands of Guatemala.

Methods

Prospective cohort of 852 Guatemalan children in San Lucas Toliman, Guatemala followed from birth to age 2 from May 2008 to December 2013. Socio-demographic, anthropometric, and health data of children was collected at 2 month intervals.

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Journal Articles

Postoperative Complications in Pediatric Tonsillectomy and Adenoidectomy in Ambulatory vs Inpatient Settings

Misha Amoils, Kay W. Chang, Olga Saynina, Paul H. Wise, Anita Honkanen
Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) Otolaryngology -- Head and Neck Surgery , 2016

Importance

A large-scale review is needed to characterize the rates of airway, respiratory, and cardiovascular complications after pediatric tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy (T&A) for inpatient and ambulatory cohorts.

Objective

To identify risk factors for postoperative complications stratified by age and operative facility type among children undergoing T&A.

Design, Setting, and Participants

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Journal Articles

Child Poverty and the Promise of Human Capacity: Childhood as a Foundation for Healthy Aging

Paul H. Wise
Academic Pediatrics , 2016

The effect of child poverty and related early life experiences on adult health outcomes and patterns of aging has become a central focus of child health research and advocacy. In this article a critical review of this proliferating literature and its relevance to child health programs and policy are presented. This literature review focused on evidence of the influence of child poverty on the major contributors to adult morbidity and mortality in the United States, the mechanisms by which these associations operate, and the implications for reforming child health programs and policies.

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Commentary

The Grand Divergence in Global Child Health: Confronting Data Requirements in Areas of Conflict and Chronic Political Instability

Paul H. Wise, Gary Darmstadt
Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) Pediatrics , 2016

There is something deeply troubling about a death that goes unnoticed. Beyond the humane impulse to provide solace through collective acknowledgment and community support lies the recognition that an unnoticed death implies an unnoticed life. There can be no doubt that the accurate counting and causal attribution of morbidity and mortality provide technical information that is essential for public health planning, evaluation, and improvement in program performance.

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Journal Articles

The Utility of Childhood and Adolescent Obesity Assessment in Relation to Adult Health

Jeremy Goldhaber-Fiebert, Rachel Rubinfeld, Jay Bhattacharya, Thomas N. Robinson, Paul H. Wise
Medical Decision Making , 2012

Background: High childhood obesity prevalence has raised concerns about future adult health, generating calls for obesity screening of young children. 

Objective: To estimate how well childhood obesity predicts adult obesity and to forecast obesity-related health of future US adults. 

Design: Longitudinal statistical analyses; microsimulations combining multiple data sets. 

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Journal Articles

Access to pediatric subspecialty care: a population study of pediatric rheumatology inpatients in California

Noelle Pineda, Chamberlain LJ, Jia Chan, Cidon MJ, Paul Wise
Arthritis Care & Research , 2011

OBJECTIVE:

To examine trends in the specialty care hospitalization of pediatric rheumatology patients and determine how nonclinical factors influence access.

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Journal Articles

Can State Early Intervention Programs Meet the Increased Demand of Children Suspected of Having Autism Spectrum Disorders?

Wise, Marissa D., Little, Alison A., Holliman, Jaime Bruce, Paul Wise, C. Jason Wang
Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics , 2010

Objective: To determine whether Early Intervention programs have the capacity to accommodate the expected increase in referrals following the American Academy of Pediatrics' 2007 recommendation for universal screening of 18- and 24-month-old children for Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD).

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Journal Articles

Child Health Policy: Where Are You When We Need You?

Paul Wise
Academic Pediatrics , 2010

There used to be something called child health policy. It was focused on crafting a national agenda for child health and was explicit in distinguishing the special needs of children from those of the adult world.

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Journal Articles

Variation in Specialty Care Hospitalization for Children With Chronic Conditions in California

Lisa Chamberlain, Jia Chan, Mahlow P, Lynne Huffman, Kristen Chan, Paul Wise
Pediatrics , 2010

OBJECTIVE Despite the documented utility of regionalized systems of pediatric specialty care, little is known about the actual use of such systems in total populations of chronically ill children. The objective of this study was to evaluate variations and trends in regional patterns of specialty care hospitalization for children with chronic illness in California.

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Journal Articles

Impact of Managed Care on Publicly Insured Children with Special Health Care Needs

Lynne C. Huffman, Brat GA, Lisa Chamberlain, Paul Wise
Academic Pediatrics , 2010

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to evaluate the impact of managed care on publicly insured children with special health care needs (CSHCN).

METHODS: We conducted a review of the extant literature. Using a formal computerized search, with search terms reflecting 7 specific outcome categories, we summarized study findings and study quality.

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Journal Articles

Quality improvement strategies for children with asthma: A systematic review

Dena M. Bravata, Gienger AL, Jon-Erik Holty, Vandana Sundaram, Nayer Khazeni, Paul H. Wise, Kathryn McDonald, Douglas Owens
Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine , 2009

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the evidence that quality improvement (QI) strategies can improve the processes and outcomes of outpatient pediatric asthma care.

DATA SOURCES:

Cochrane Effective Practice and Organisation of Care Group database (January 1966 to April 2006), MEDLINE (January 1966 to April 2006), Cochrane Consumers and Communication Group database (January 1966 to May 2006), and bibliographies of retrieved articles.

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Journal Articles

Disparities in Trauma Center Access Despite Increasing Utilization: Data From California, 1999 to 2006

Hsia RY, Wang E, Torres H, Olga Saynina, Paul Wise
Journal of Trauma , 2009

Background: Although efforts have been made to address disparities in access to trauma care in the past decade, there is little evidence to show if utilization has changed. We use patient-level data to describe the changes in utilization of trauma centers (TCs) in an 8-year period in California.

Methods: We analyzed all statewide trauma admissions (n = 752,706) using the California Office of Statewide Health Planning and Discharge Patient Discharge Database from the period of 1999 to 2006, and determined the trends in admissions and place of care.

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Journal Articles

Confronting Social Disparities in Child Health: a Critical Appraisal of Life-Course Science and Research

Paul Wise
Pediatrics , 2009

The utility of the life-course framework to address disparities in child health is based on its ability to integrate the science of child development with the requirements of effective and just public policy. I argue that the life-course framework is best assessed in a historical context and through 4 essential observations. First, early genetic and environmental interactions are complex and influence outcomes in different settings in very different ways.

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Journal Articles

Children with Special Health Care Needs: How Immigrant Status is Related to Health Care Access, Health Care Utilization, and Health Status

Javier JR, Lynne C. Huffman, Fernando S. Mendoza, Paul Wise
Maternal and Child Health Journal , 2009

To compare health care access, utilization, and perceived health status for children with SHCN in immigrant and nonimmigrant families. This cross-sectional study used data from the 2003 California Health Interview Survey to identify 1404 children (ages 0-11) with a special health care need. Chi-square and logistic regression analyses were used to examine relations between immigrant status and health access, utilization, and health status variables. Compared to children with special health care needs (CSHCN) in nonimmigrant families, CSHCN in

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Journal Articles

Quality Improvement Strategies for Children With Asthma

Dena M. Bravata, Allison Gienger, Jon-Erik Holty, Vandana Sundaram, Nayer Khazeni, Paul H. Wise, Kathryn McDonald, Douglas Owens
Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine , 2009

Objective To evaluate the evidence that quality improvement (QI) strategies can improve the processes and outcomes of outpatient pediatric asthma care.

Data Sources Cochrane Effective Practice and Organisation of Care Group database (January 1966 to April 2006), MEDLINE (January 1966 to April 2006), Cochrane Consumers and Communication Group database (January 1966 to May 2006), and bibliographies of retrieved articles.

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Journal Articles

The Effect of Medicaid Managed Care on Prenatal Care: The Case of "Puerto Rico"

HA Marin, R Ramirez, Paul H. Wise, Y Sanchez, R Torres
Maternal and Child Health Journal , 2009

Objectives From 1994 to the year 2000 the government of Puerto Rico implemented a health care reform which included the mandatory enrollment of the entire Medicaid eligible population under Medicaid managed care (MMC) plans. This study assessed the effect of MMC on the use, initiation, utilization, and adequacy of prenatal care services over the reform period.

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Journal Articles

The "Etiome": Identification and Clustering of Human Disease Etiological Factors

Liu YI, Paul Wise, Butte AJ
BMC Bioinformatics , 2009

BACKGROUND: Both genetic and environmental factors contribute to human diseases. Most common diseases are influenced by a large number of genetic and environmental factors, most of which individually have only a modest effect on the disease. Though genetic contributions are relatively well characterized for some monogenetic diseases, there has been no effort at curating the extensive list of environmental etiological factors.

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