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Martha Crenshaw
Books

Constructing the Field of Terrorism

Martha Crenshaw, Martha Crenshaw
Oxford University Press , 2019

Abstract: This chapter reviews the evolution of Martha Crenshaw’s interests in and approaches to researching terrorism, a trajectory that begins in the 1960s and extends to the present. The story is necessarily partial and incomplete as well as personal. Her first research project concentrated on the use of terrorism by the FLN during the Algerian War, and her current research deals with patterns of cooperation and competition among militant groups and with the relationship between jihadist-oriented transnational terrorism and civil war.

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Policy Briefs

Jihadist Terrorist Plots in the United States

Martha Crenshaw, Erik Dahl, Margaret Wilson
National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism , 2017

Research brief: How plots come to fail or to be foiled is of great importance to the study of terrorism and to the development of counterterrorism policy. There can be no comprehensive picture of the threat without analyzing what adversaries planned to do as well as what they actually managed to accomplish. Examining failed and foiled plots is essential to understanding their intentions as well as their capabilities.

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Books

Countering Terrorism

Martha Crenshaw, Gary LaFree
Brookings Institution Press , 2017

Fifteen years after September 11, the United States still faces terror threats—both domestic and foreign. After years of wars, ever more intensive and pervasive surveillance, enhanced security measures at major transportation centers, and many attempts to explain who we are fighting and why and how to fight them, the threats continue to multiply.

So, too, do our attempts to understand just what terrorism is and how to counter it.

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Commentary

Is There a Sunni Solution to ISIS?

Martha Crenshaw, Lisa Blaydes
The Atlantic , 2015

David Ignatius calls for reconciliation among Iraqi Sunnis, Shiites, and Kurds. Blaydes and Crenshaw argue that this oversimplifies the bargain that needs to be struck.

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Commentary

There Is No Global Jihadist Movement

Martha Crenshaw, Martha Crenshaw
The Atlantic , 2015

What’s sometimes referred to as the global jihadist “movement” is actually extremely fractured, CISAC's terrorism expert

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Commentary

Reaction Time

Martha Crenshaw
Foreign Policy , 2012

In this post for Foreign Policy, Martha Crenshaw outlines the difficulties that U.S. presidents have had in forming and maintaining a counterterrorism strategy. From Jimmy Carter to Ronald Reagan to Barack Obama, all have had their foreign policy reputations tarnished by terrorism. The challenge is in forming a consistent, logical counterterrorism policy.

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Books

Will Threats Deter Nuclear Terrorism?

Martha Crenshaw
Stanford Security Studies , 2012

Book description:

During the Cold War, deterrence theory was the cornerstone of U.S. foreign policy. Following the 9/11 terrorist attacks, however, popular wisdom dictated that terrorist organizations and radical fanatics could not be deterred—and governments shifted their attention to combating terrorism rather than deterring it.

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Books

Explaining Terrorism: Causes, Processes and Consequences

Martha Crenshaw
Routledge , 2010

Book summary:

This volume comprises some of the key essays by Professor Crenshaw, from 1972 to the present-day, on the causes, processes and consequences of terrorism.

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Books

Consequences of Counterterrorism, The

Martha Crenshaw
Russell Sage Foundation , 2010

The 9/11 terrorist attacks opened America's eyes to a frightening world of enemies surrounding us. But have our eyes opened wide enough to see how our experiences compare with other nations' efforts to confront and prevent terrorism? Other democracies have long histories of confronting both international and domestic terrorism. Some have undertaken progressively more stringent counterterrorist measures in the name of national security and the safety of citizens. But who wins and who loses?

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Testimonies

Congressional Subcommittee Hearing on Reassessing the Evolving al-Qai'da Threat to the Homeland

Martha Crenshaw
House Subcommittee on Intelligence, Information Sharing and Terrorism Risk Assessment , 2009

CISAC Senior Fellow Martha Crenshaw joined three other terrorism experts at a hearing before the House Subcommittee on Intelligence, Information Sharing and Terrorism Risk Assessment.

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Journal Articles

What Should This Fight Be Called? Metaphors of Counterterrorism and Their Implications

Arie W. Kruglanski, Martha Crenshaw, Jerrold M. Post, Jeff Victoroff
Psychological Science in the Public Interest , 2007

A distinguished panel including psychological scientists, political scientists, and psychiatrists – Arie W. Kruglanski, Martha Crenshaw, Jerrold M. Post, and Jeff Victoroff – assesses the impact of different metaphorical framings (warfare, law enforcement, epidemiology, and prejudice reduction) on the worldwide effort to combat and prevent terrorism.

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Journal Articles

Explaining Suicide Terrorism: A Review Essay

Martha Crenshaw
Security Studies , 2007

The current trend toward suicide bombings began in Lebanon in the early 1980s. The practice soon spread to civil conflicts in Sri Lanka, the Kurdish areas of Turkey, and Chechnya. Palestinian attacks on Israeli civilians in the 1990s and during the Al Aqsa intifada further highlighted the threat. Al Qaeda's adoption of the tactic brought a transnational dimension. Interest in the phenomenon then surged after the shock of the 2001 attacks, which involved an unprecedented number of both perpetrators and casualties.

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Books

Coercive Diplomacy and the Response to Terrorism

Martha Crenshaw
The United States and Coercive Diplomacy , 2003

Retaliation and decaptitation of a terrorist organization's leadership is a form of coercive diplomacy; after all, both are designed to get the terrorist organization to stop its terrorist attacks.  Judging the efficacy of coercive diplomacy against terrorists is exceedingly difficult, as Martha Crenshaw explains, but she concludes that overall this technique has not worked well.

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Books

Dealing with Terrorism

Martha Crenshaw, Martha Crenshaw
USIP Press (Forthcoming) ,

The problems of terrorism and counterterrorism are closely related to other themes stressed in this volume: sovereignty; state building, nation building, and peacebuilding; norms; responsibility to prevent and protect; legitimacy of the use of force; failed, failing, and fragile states; and democratic transitions. In the second decade of the twenty-first century, the threat of terrorism emanated principally from proponents of radical Islamism, as it did during the first decade. Finding an effective response remained a challenge.

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