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Browse FSI scholarship on geopolitics, global health, energy, cybersecurity and more.

Featured Publications

image of a bowl of cartoon frogs with the word Gab on the front

Gabufacturing Dissent: An In-depth Analysis of Gab

Gab was founded in 2016 as an uncensored alternative to mainstream social media platforms. Stanford Internet Observatory’s latest report looks at behaviors and dynamics across the platform.
Liberalism and Its Discontents by Francis Fukuyama

Liberalism and Its Discontents

It's no secret that liberalism hasn't always lived up to its own ideals. But in this short, clear account, Francis Fukuyama offers an essential defense of a revitalized liberalism for the twenty-first century.
Everything Counts: Building a Control Regime for Nonstrategic Nuclear Warheads in Europe

Building a Control Regime for Nonstrategic Nuclear Warheads in Europe

A new report led by Rose Gottemoeller on non-strategic nuclear warhead policies in Europe, particulary in light of Russia's changing status in the global nuclear community.

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Larry Diamond
Working Papers

Moving Up Out of Poverty: What Does Democracy Have to Do With It?

Larry Diamond
CDDRL Working Papers, 2004 August 1, 2004

Morally and analytically, there is no more vexing phenomenon than the persistence of mass poverty. Over the past half-century, remarkable gains have been made in reducing infant mortality, extending life expectancy, raising levels of income and education, reducing the incidence of severe diseases-and even effectively eliminating a few diseases (USAID, 2003).

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Journal Articles

The Rule of Law as Transition to Democracy in China

Larry Diamond
Journal of Contemporary China, 2003 December 31, 2003

This paper assesses Pan Wei's proposal for a 'consultative rule of law system' for China, finding it a potentially important step along the path of political reform. China urgently needs political reform to deal with the rapidly mounting problems of corruption, abuse of power, financial scandals, rising crime and inequality, and declining legitimacy of the Chinese Communist Party.

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Working Papers

Workshop on Regime Transitions from Communist Rule in Comparative Perspective

Michael A. McFaul, Gail W. Lapidus, Larry Diamond
, 2003 December 31, 2003

On 15-16 November 2002, the Center for Democracy, Development, and the Rule of Law of the Institute for International Studies at Stanford University sponsored a workshop in Stanford, CA on "Regime Transitions from Communist Rule in Comparative Perspective." Over 40 individuals attended the workshop, including many notable American and international scholars.

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Books

Islam and Democracy in the Middle East

Larry Diamond, Marc F. Plattner, Daniel Brumberg
Johns Hopkins University Press, 2003 December 31, 2003

Islam and Democracy in the Middle East provides a comprehensive assessment of the origins and staying power of Middle East autocracies, as well as a sober account of the struggles of state reformers and opposition forces to promote civil liberties, competitive elections, and a pluralistic vision of Islam. Drawing on the insights of some twenty-five leading Western and Middle Eastern scholars, the book highlights the dualistic and often contradictory nature of political liberalization.

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Journal Articles

Universal Democracy?

Larry Diamond
Policy Review, 2003 June 1, 2003

A short while ago, one of the worlds most brutal and entrenched dictatorships was swiftly toppled by the military force of the United States and the United Kingdom. The 2003 Iraq war was launched to disarm Saddam Hussein, but for many of its advocates and supporters, the more compelling aim was to bring about regime change. In fact, the goal is not simply regime change but a sweeping political transformation in that country and, it is hoped, in states throughout its neighborhood towards what has never existed there before: democracy.

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Journal Articles

Species of Political Parties: A New Typology

Larry Diamond, Richard Gunther
Party Politics, 2003 March 1, 2003

For nearly a century, political scientists have developed typologies and models of political parties in an effort to capture the essential features of the partisan organizations that were the objects of their analysis. The end result is that the literature today is rich with various categories of party types, some of which have acquired the status of 'classics' and have been used by scholars for decades (e.g. Duverger, 1954; Kirchheimer, 1966; Neumann, 1956).

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Books

Democracy After Communism

Larry Diamond, Marc F. Plattner
Johns Hopkins University Press, 2002 December 31, 2002

The last quarter of the twentieth century was marked by two dramatic political trends that altered many of the world's regimes: the global resurgence of democracy and the collapse of communism. Was the process that brought down communism in Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union fundamentally different from the process that gave birth to new democracies in other regions of the world? Were the transitions away from communism mostly like or mostly unlike the transitions away from authoritarianism that took place elsewhere?

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Books

Institutional Design, Ethnic Conflict Management, and Democracy in Nigeria

Rotimi Suberu, Larry Diamond
Oxford University Press in "The Architecture of Democracy: Constitutional Design, Conflict Mangement and Democracy", Andrew Reynolds, ed., 2002 December 31, 2002

Reynolds brings together the leading scholars to discuss the successes and failures of constitutional design. Arend Lijphart and Donald Horowitz debate their own contributions to the field. Emerging scholars then present important new evidence from Europe, the CIS, Latin America, and Africa. Chapters analyse the effect of presidential and parliamentary systems, issues of federalism and autonomy, and the varying impact of electoral systems. The book concludes with case studies of Fiji, Ireland, Eritrea, Indonesia, Nigeria, and India.

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Books

Consolidating Democracies

Larry Diamond
Sage in "Comparing Democracies: New Challenges in the Study of Elections and Voting", Larry LeDuc, Richard Niemi, and Pippa Norris, eds., 2002 December 31, 2002

The first edition of Comparing Democracies was a landmark text, providing students with a thematic introduction to the global study of elections and voting. In this major new edition the world's leading international scholars have again produced an indispensable guide and up-to-date review of the whole field.

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Books

Promoting Democratic Governance

Larry Diamond
U.S. Agency for International Development in "U.S. Agency for International Development, Foreign Aid in the National Interest: Promoting Freedom, Security, and Opportunity", 2002 December 31, 2002

For the past several decades, the conventional - and, until recently, the predominant - perspective on development in the international donor community has been that countries are poor because they lack resources, infrastructure, education, and opportunity. By this logic, if rich countries could only transfer enough resources and technology, improve human capacity enough, and support health and education enough, development would occur. To be sure, greater public resources, better physical infrastructure, and stronger public health and education are essential for development.

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Journal Articles

Elections Without Democracy: Thinking about Hybrid Regimes

Larry Diamond
Journal of Democracy, 2002 April 1, 2002

Many countries have adopted the form of democracy with little of its substance. This makes the task of classifying regimes more difficult, but also more important.

Appendices to article available at link below.

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Books

Building a World of Liberal Democracies

Larry Diamond
Hoover Institution Press in "Foreign Policy for America's Third Century: Alternative Perspectives", Thomas Henriksen, ed., 2001 December 31, 2001

Since the disintegration of the Soviet Union, questions have arisen as to which course the United States should sail in the new international order. In this volume, some of the nation's foremost foreign policy experts present carefully crafted and bold perspectives of what America's global role should be. All contributors, leading authorities in the fields of economics, history, international relations, and political science, offer alternative viewpoints.

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Books

Foreword to "Federalism and Ethnic Conflict in Nigeria"

Larry Diamond
U.S. Institute of Peace in "Federalism and Ethnic Conflict in Nigeria", Rotimi T. Suberu, ed., 2001 December 31, 2001

Nigeria is Africa's most populous country; its citizens are perhaps the best educated on the continent. It is the world's sixth-largest producer of oil. Nigeria also has probably the most elaborate system of government in the region. Yet the country teeters perilously close to massive civil upheaval.

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Books

The Global Divergence of Democracies

Larry Diamond, Marc F. Plattner
Johns Hopkins University Press, 2001 December 31, 2001

Drawn from outstanding articles published in the Journal of Democracy, The Global Divergence of Democracies follows the enthusiastically received earlier volume, The Global Resurgence of Democracy.

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Books

Elections and Democracy in Greater China

Larry Diamond, Ramon H. Myers
Oxford University Press, 2001 December 31, 2001

The authoritarian Chinese regimes governing Taiwan, Mainland China, and Hong Kong allowed limited electoral competition during the last half century. In Taiwan that process evolved over more than three decades before leading to the formation of an opposition party under martial law in late September 1986 and the blossoming of full democracy In March 2000 when that opposition party replaced the ruling party. In Mainland China and Hong Kong, limited electoral competition has only evolved over the last fifteen years or so.

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Books

Political Parties and Democracy

Larry Diamond, Richard Gunther
Johns Hopkins University Press, 2001 December 31, 2001

Political parties are one of the core institutions of democracy. But in democracies around the world -- rich and poor, Western and non-Western -- there is growing evidence of low or declining public confidence in parties. In membership, organization, and popular involvement and commitment, political parties are not what they used to be. But are they in decline, or are they simply changing their forms and functions?

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Books

Anatomy of an Earthquake: How the KMT Lost and the DPP Won the 2000 Presidential Election

Larry Diamond
M.E. Sharpe in "Taiwan's Presidential Politics: Democratization and Cross-Strait Relations in the 21st Century", Muthiah Alagappa, ed., 2001 November 1, 2001

The March 2000 presidential election was an important milestone in the democratic development of Taiwan, with the Kuomintang turned out of power after five decades of control and replaced by the Democratic Progressive Party.

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Journal Articles

How People View Democracy: Halting Progress in Korea and Taiwan

Yun-han Chu, Larry Diamond, Doh Chull Shin
Journal of Democracy, 2001 January 1, 2001

Judging from their citizens middling levels of support for and satisfaction with democracy, both Korea and Taiwan are still far from democratic consolidation.

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Books

Institutional Reform and Democratic Consolidation in Korea

Larry Diamond, Doh Chull Shin
Hoover Institution Press, 2000 December 31, 2000

Having undergone a transition from military authoritarian rule in 1987, Korea quickly became the most powerful democracy in East Asia other than Japan. But the onset of a major economic crisis revealed the dark side of the Korean model of democracy. With that crisis, and the subsequent election of the country's most determined opposition figure as president, serious questions have arisen about the new democracy's vitality.

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Books

Foreword to "China and Democracy: The Prospect for a Democratic China"

Larry Diamond
Routledge in "China and Democracy: The Prospect for a Democratic China", Suisheng Zhao, ed., 2000 December 31, 2000

This timely collection brings together many well-known scholars to systematically explore China's current government and assess that transition toward democracy. The contributors seek to bridge the gap between normative theories of democracy and empirical studies of China's political development by providing a comprehensive overview of China's domestic history, economy, and public political ideologies.

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Journal Articles

The Global State of Democracy

Larry Diamond
Current History, 2000 December 1, 2000

The progress of democracy in the world over the last quarter-century has been nothing less than remarkable. . . . But if the reach of democracy is greater than ever, it is also thinner and more vulnerable.

Full article available with subscription.

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Working Papers

Political Change in Taiwan: Implications for American Policy

Richard Bush, Larry Diamond, Suisheng Zhao, Ramon H. Myers
Shorenstein APARC, 2000 October 1, 2000

Transcript of an address given by Richard Bush, chairman of the board and managing director of the American Institute in Taiwan, on May 24, 2000. Also included in this volume is the transcript of a roundtable discussion which took place on April 14, 2000, on Taiwan's historic elections. Three distinguished speakers participated: Larry Diamond and Ramon H. Myers, both senior fellows at Stanford University's Hoover Institution, and Suisheng Zhao, Campbell National fellow at Stanford's Hoover Institution.

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Journal Articles

Is Pakistan the Reverse Wave of the Future?

Larry Diamond
Journal of Democracy, 2000 July 1, 2000

Pakistan's descent into authoritarian rule starkly depicts the "triple crisis of governance" that threatens many third-wave democracies. If these problems of governance are not addressed, a new "reverse wave" of democratization could be imminent.

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Books

Consolidating Democracy in South Korea

Larry Diamond, Byung-Kook Kim
Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2000 February 1, 2000

Since its inception in 1987, Korean democracy has been an arean of continual drama and baffling contradictions, periodic waves of societal mobilization and disenchantment; initial continuity in political leadership followed by the successive election to the presidency of two former opposition leaders and the arrest of two former heads of state; a constant stream of party renaming and realignments; an extended period of economic success and then a breathtaking economic collapse; and a persistent quest for political reform within a political culture focused not on institutions but on power an

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Books

Democracy in Developing Countries: Latin America

Larry Diamond, Jonathan Hartlyn, Juan Linz, Seymour Martin Lipset
Lynne Rienner Publishers, 1999 December 31, 1999

Extensively revised since the first edition was published in 1989, this analytically balanced and empirically rich volume thoroughly examines the historical, cultural, social, economic, political, and international factors that affect both the prospects for and the nature of political democracy in Latin America.

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