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Browse FSI scholarship on geopolitics, global health, energy, cybersecurity and more.

Featured Publications

image of a bowl of cartoon frogs with the word Gab on the front

Gabufacturing Dissent: An In-depth Analysis of Gab

Gab was founded in 2016 as an uncensored alternative to mainstream social media platforms. Stanford Internet Observatory’s latest report looks at behaviors and dynamics across the platform.
Liberalism and Its Discontents by Francis Fukuyama

Liberalism and Its Discontents

It's no secret that liberalism hasn't always lived up to its own ideals. But in this short, clear account, Francis Fukuyama offers an essential defense of a revitalized liberalism for the twenty-first century.
Everything Counts: Building a Control Regime for Nonstrategic Nuclear Warheads in Europe

Building a Control Regime for Nonstrategic Nuclear Warheads in Europe

A new report led by Rose Gottemoeller on non-strategic nuclear warhead policies in Europe, particulary in light of Russia's changing status in the global nuclear community.

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Larry Diamond
Books

Political Change in China: Comparisons with Taiwan

Bruce Gilley, Larry Diamond, Weitseng Chen
Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2008 June 1, 2008

How might China become a democracy? And what lessons, if any, might Taiwan's experience of democratization hold for China's future? The authors of this volume consider these questions, both through comparisons of Taiwan's historical experience with the current period of economic and social change in the PRC, and through more focused analysis of China's current, and possible future, politics.This volume explores current, and possible future, political change in China in the context of Taiwan's experience of democratization.

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Journal Articles

Democratic Rollback: The Resurgence of the Predatory State

Larry Diamond
Foreign Affairs, 2008 March 1, 2008
After decades of historic gains, the world has slipped into a democratic recession. Predatory states are on the rise, threatening both nascent and established democracies throughout the world. But this trend can be reversed with the development of good governance and strict accountability and the help of conditional aid from the West.
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Books

The Spirit of Democracy: The Struggle to Build Free Societies Throughout the World

Larry Diamond
Times Books, 2008 January 8, 2008
In his new book, The Spirit of Democracy: The Struggle to Build Free Societies Throughout the World (Times Books 2008), Larry Diamond intensely scrutinizes the global effort on democracy promotion. By both exploring the sources of progress as well as the locations and reasons for failure, Diamond presents a comprehensive assessment that is realistic but also hopeful.
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Policy Briefs

A Diplomatic Offensive for Iraq

Larry Diamond, Carlos Pascual
The Brookings Institution, 2007 June 1, 2007

While the debate to "surge" or "withdraw" troops continues, Larry Diamond, Coordinator of the Democracy Program at CDDRL, along with Carlos Pascual, writes on the need for a diplomatic strategy to achieve a sustainable peace in Iraq. Diamond asserts that U.S. troops should aim to provide security needed to create an environment to negotiate a peace agreement to end the war and warns that if the parties in Iraq cannot reach a political settlment to reduce the violence and achieve peace, then military force must be redeployed to contain the regional spillover from the conflict.

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Journal Articles

Iran's weakened hard-liners crave a US attack

Michael A. McFaul, Abbas Milani, Larry Diamond
Christian Science Monitor, 2007 February 6, 2007

Bombing Iran will exacerbate, not resolve problems, Michael McFaul, Larry Diamond and Abbas Milani demonstrate in a new landmark article. "Rather than throw the reactionaries in Tehran a political lifeline in the form of war, the United States should pursue a more subtle approach: contain Iranian agents in the region, but offer to negotiate unconditionally with Iran on all the outstanding issues.

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Journal Articles

A Win-Win U.S. Strategy for Dealing with Iran

Michael McFaul, Larry Diamond, Abbas Milani
The Washington Quarterly, 2006 December 1, 2006

In an article written for the current issue of the Washington Quarterly by Larry Diamond, Michael McFaull and Abbas Milani, suggests that the U.S.

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Books

Electoral Systems and Democracy

Larry Diamond, Marc F. Plattner
The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2006 July 24, 2006

The newest volume in the acclaimed Journal of Democracy series addresses electoral systems and democracy. As the number of democracies has increased around the world, a heated debate has emerged among experts about which system best promotes the consolidation of democracy. Is proportional representation, a majoritarian system, a mixture of the two, or some other system the best for new democracies? This book compares the experiences of diverse countries, from Latin America to southern Africa, from Uruguay, Japan, and Taiwan to Israel, Afghanistan, and Iraq.

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Journal Articles

What to Do in Iraq: A Roundtable

Larry Diamond, James Dobbins, Chaim Kaufmann, Leslie H. Gelb, Stephen Biddle
Foreign Affairs, 2006 July 1, 2006

In his trenchant analysis, Stephen Biddle ("Seeing Baghdad, Thinking Saigon," March/April 2006) argues that the escalating violence in Iraq is not a nationalist insurgency, as was the Vietnam War, but rather a "communal civil war" and that it must therefore be addressed by pursuing a strategy different from "Vietnamization": if the United States were simply to turn over responsibility for counterinsurgency to the new Iraqi army and police forces, it would risk inflaming the communal conflict, either by empowering the Shiites and the Kurds to slaughter the Sunnis or by enabling a Trojan hors

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Books

With All Our Might: A Progressive Strategy for Defeating Jihadism and Defending Liberty

Will Marshall, Michael A. McFaul, Larry Diamond
Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc., 2006 May 28, 2006

This book outlines a new strategy that applies the organizing principles of progressive internationalism--national strength, free enterprise, liberal democracy, U.S. leadership for collective security--to the new challenge of defeating Islamist extremism. Published in cooperation with the Progressive Policy Institute.

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Journal Articles

Slide Rules: What Civil War Looks Like

Larry Diamond
The New Republic, 2006 March 13, 2006

The article reports that by definition Iraq is in the midst of a civil war and has been ever since the first year of the "post-war" era in 2003. Since the United Iraqi Alliance took control of the government in 2005, there has been an increase in deaths and disappearances of Iraqi Sunnis. Signs of civil war include a hollow state, political polarization, inflammatory rhetoric, irreconcilable demands, and human rights violations.

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Journal Articles

Iraq and Democracy: The Lessons Learned

Larry Diamond
Current History, 2006 January 1, 2006

LARRY DIAMOND, a Current History contributing editor, is a senior fellow at the Hoover Institution at Stanford University and the author of Squandered Victory: The American Occupation and the Bungled Effort to Bring Democracy to Iraq (Times Books, 2005). In 2004 he served as a senior adviser to the Coalition Provisional Authority in Baghdad.

Full article available with subscription.

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Books

Squandered Victory: The American Occupation and the Bungled Effort to Bring Democracy to Iraq

Larry Diamond
Times Books, 2005 December 31, 2005

In the fall of 2003, Stanford professor Larry Diamond received a call from Condoleezza Rice, asking if he would spend several months in Baghdad as an adviser to the American occupation authorities. Diamond had not been a supporter of the war in Iraq, but he felt that the task of building a viable democracy was a worthy goal. But when he went to Iraq, his experiences proved to be more of an education than he bargained for.

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Books

What Went Wrong and Right in Iraq

Larry Diamond, Francis Fukuyama
Johns Hopkins University Press in "Nation-Building: Beyond Afghanistan and Iraq", Francis Fukuyama, ed., 2005 December 31, 2005

Bestselling author Francis Fukuyama brings together esteemed academics, political analysts, and practitioners to reflect on the U.S. experience with nation-building, from its historical underpinnings to its modern-day consequences. The United States has sought on repeated occasions to reconstruct states damaged by conflict, from Reconstruction in the South after the Civil War to Japan and Germany after World War II, to the ongoing rebuilding of Iraq.

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Books

Assessing the Quality of Democracy

Larry Diamond, Leonardo Morlino
Johns Hopkins University Press, 2005 December 31, 2005

The latest volume in this popular series focuses on the best ways to evaluate and improve the quality of new democratic regimes. The essays in part one elaborate and refine several themes of democratic quality: the rule of law, accountability, freedom, equality, and responsiveness. The second part features six comparative cases, each of which applies these thematic elements to two neighboring countries: Brazil and Chile, South Africa and Ghana, Italy and Spain, Romania and Poland, India and Bangladesh, and Taiwan and Korea.

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Journal Articles

Beyond Incrementalism: A New U.S. Strategy for Dealing with Iran

Michael A. McFaul, Abbas Milani, Larry Diamond
Hoover Institution Press, 2005 May 1, 2005

In the coming years, few if any countries will more preoccupy the foreign policy attention of the United States than Iran. The United States has long lacked a viable and coherent policy toward Iran. Perhaps for the first time since the fall of the Shah's regime in 1979, the United States seems determined to try to forge one. The United States must move swiftly to chart a bold, new course that addresses all three of America's principal national interests with Iran. Our policy should seek to halt the development of an Iranian nuclear bomb, to end the regime's support of

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Books

Empowering the Poor: What Does Democracy Have to Do with It?

Larry Diamond
World Bank in "Measuring Empowerment: Cross Disciplinary Perspectives", Deepa Narayan, ed., 2005 April 1, 2005

Poverty reduction on a large scale depends on empowering those who are most motivated to move out of poverty - poor people themselves. But if empowerment cannot be measured, it will not be taken seriously in development policy making and programming.

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Journal Articles

A Transatlantic Strategy to Promote Democratic Development in the Broader Middle East

Michael A. McFaul, Larry Diamond, Ronald Asmus, Mark Leonard
The Washington Quarterly, 2005 April 1, 2005

Since the September 11 attacks, a number of U.S. and European strategists have stepped forward to call for a fundamental paradigm shift in how the United States and Europe engage the broader Middle East - that wide swath of the globe, predominantly Muslim and overwhelmingly authoritarian, stretching from Morocco to Afghanistan. The West, they have argued, must abandon the chimera of stability offered by an autocratic status quo and instead put the weight of Western influence on the side of positive democratic

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Books

World Religions and Democracy

Larry Diamond, Marc F. Plattner, Philip J. Costopoulos
The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2005 March 2, 2005

Can religion be compatible with liberal democracy? World Religions and Democracy brings together insights from renowned scholars and world leaders in a provocative and timely discussion of religions' role in the success or failure of democracy. An essay by Alfred Stepan outlines the concept of "twin tolerations" and differentiation, and creates a template that can be applied to all of the religion-democracy relationships observed and analyzed throughout the volume.

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Journal Articles

Building Democracy After Conflict: Lessons from Iraq

Larry Diamond
Journal of Democracy, 2005 January 1, 2005

The U.S.-led reconstruction effort has so far failed to establish democratic institutions in Iraq. But as troubled as that effort has been, it provides valuable lessons for future nation-building endeavors.

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Books

Nigeria's Struggle for Democracy and Good Governance: A Festschrift for Oyeleye Oyediran

Abigun A. B. Agbaje, Larry Diamond, Ebere Onwuiwe
Ibadan University Press, 2004 December 31, 2004

Why does Nigeria have a history of failed republics, failed governance as well as false starts and dead-ends on the path to economic development, social coherence, and peace? Is the Fourth Republic condemned to the fate of previous ones, or can it rise above the heavy weight ofthe past and chart a different path for itself?

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Books

Promoting Real Reform in Africa

Larry Diamond
Lynne Rienner Publishers in "Democratic Reform in Africa: The Quality of Progress", E. Gyimah-Boadi, ed., 2004 December 31, 2004

After more than a decade of reform efforts in Africa, much of the optimism over the continent's prospects has been replaced by widespread "Afropessimism." But to what extent is either view well founded? Democratic Reform in Africa plumbs the key issues in the contemporary African experience - including intrastate conflict, corruption, and the development of civil society - highlighting the challenges and evaluating the progress of political and economic change.

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Policy Briefs

Democracy and Human Development in the Broader Middle East: A Transatlantic Strategy for Partnership

Urban Ahlin, Menur Akgün, Gustavo de Aristegui, Ronald D. Asmus, Daniel Byman, Larry Diamond, Steven Everts, Ralf Fücks, Iris Glosemeyer, Jana Hybaskova, Thorsten Klassen, Mark Leonard, Michael A. McFaul, Thomas O. Melia, Michael Mertes, Joshua Muravchik, Kenneth M. Pollack, Karen Volker, Jennifer Windsor
The German Marshall Fund of the United States, 2004 December 31, 2004

The report presented here is the result of several months of meetings and debate. It represents an effort to lay out the broad contours of a transatlantic strategy to promote democracy and human development in the Broader Middle East could and should look like. The authors challenge us to go beyond current conventional wisdom and propose the building blocks of a grand strategy to help the broader Middle East transform itself. Their ideas they present are intended to spur further debate and discussion, including with democrats and reformers in the region itself.

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Journal Articles

The Quality of a Democracy: An Overview

Larry Diamond, Leonardo Morlino
Journal of Democracy, 2004 October 1, 2004

Since most of the world's sovereign states are now democracies, there is a growing scholarly focus on "good" or "better" democracy, and on how improvements can not only be measured, but encouraged.

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Working Papers

The Quality of Democracy

Larry Diamond, Leonardo Morlino
CDDRL Working Papers, 2004 September 1, 2004

As democracy has spread over the past three decades to a majority of the world's states, analytic attention has turned increasingly from explaining regime transitions to evaluating and explaining the character of democratic regimes. Much of the democracy literature of the 1990s was concerned with the consolidation of democratic regimes. In recent years, social scientists as well as democracy practitioners and aid agencies have sought to develop means of framing and assessing the quality of democracy.

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Journal Articles

What Went Wrong in Iraq?

Larry Diamond
Foreign Affairs, 2004 September 1, 2004

Although the early U.S. blunders in the occupation of Iraq are well known, their consequences are just now becoming clear. The Bush administration was never willing to commit the resources necessary to secure the country and did not make the most of the resources it had. U.S. officials did get a number of things right, but they never understood-or even listened to-the country they were seeking to rebuild. As a result, the democratic future of Iraq now hangs in the balance.

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