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Kim Babiarz
Working Papers

Family Planning and Fertility Behavior: Evidence from Twentieth Century Malaysia

Kim Babiarz, Jiwon Lee, Grant Miller, Tey Nai Peng, Christine Valente
Center for Global Development , 2017

There is longstanding debate about the contribution of family planning programs to fertility decline. Studying the staggered introduction of family planning across Malaysia during the 1960s and 1970s, we find modest responses in fertility behavior. Higher (but not lower) parity birth hazards declined by one-quarter—but imply only a 5 percent decline in the overall annual probability of birth. Age at marriage rose by 0.48 years, but birth spacing conditional on this did not otherwise change.

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Working Papers

Family Planning Program Effects: A Review of Evidence from Microdata

Grant Miller, Kimberly Singer Babiarz
International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences , 2015
Abstract: 

This article reviews empirical evidence on the micro-level consequences of family planning programs in middle- and low-income countries. In doing so, it focuses on fertility outcomes (the number and timing of births), women’s health and socioeconomic outcomes (mortality, human capital, and labor force participation), and children’s health and socio-economic outcomes throughout the life cycle.

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Journal Articles

An Exploration of China's Mortality Decline under Mao: A Provincial Analysis, 1950-1980

Grant Miller, Grant Miller, Karen Eggleston, Kim Singer Babiarz, Qiong Zhang
Population Studies (Cambridge) , 2014

Between 1950 and 1980, China experienced the most rapid sustained increase in life expectancy of any population in documented global history. We know of no study that has quantitatively assessed the relative importance of the various explanations proposed for this gain in survival. We have created and analysed a new, province-level panel data set spanning the decades between 1950 and 1980 by combining historical information from China's public health archives, official provincial yearbooks, and infant and child mortality records contained in the 1988 National Survey of Fertility and Contraception. Although exploratory, our results suggest that gains in school enrolment and public health campaigns together are associated with 55–70 per cent of China's dramatic reductions in infant and under-5 mortality during our study period. These results underscore the importance of non-medical determinants of population health, and suggest that, in some circumstances, general education of the population may amplify the effectiveness of public health interventions.

Mao Mortality Analysis Data (Stata File)

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Working Papers

The Stanford-India Emergency Management and Research Institute (EMRI) Study: Early Findings

Grant Miller, Grant Miller, Kim Singer Babiarz, Nomita Divi, S.V. Mahadevan
Stanford University , 2014
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Journal Articles

Meeting the Health-care Needs of the Rural Elderly: The Unique Role of Village Doctors

Kimberly Singer Babiarz, Hongmei Yi, Renfu Luo, Kim Singer Babiarz, Hongmei Yi, Renfu Luo
China & World Economy , 2013

Despite their recent deterioration, village clinics have historically been an important source of health care for the poor and elderly in rural China. In this paper, we examine the current role of village clinics, the patients who use them and some of the services they provide. We focus specifically on the role of village clinics in meeting the health-care needs of the rural poor and elderly. We find that although clinics are continuing to decline financially, they remain a source of care for the rural elderly and poor.

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Journal Articles

Impact of the Chiranjeevi Yojana Program on Institutional Deliveries and Birth Outcomes in Gujarat, India

Sebastian Bauhoff, Manoj Mohanan, Gerard La Forgia, Kim Singer Babiarz, Kultar Singh, Grant Miller
Bulletin of the World Health Organization , 2013
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Journal Articles

Impact of China’s New Cooperative Medical Scheme on Township Health Centers

Kim Singer Babiarz, Grant Miller, Hongmei Yi, Linxiu Zhang, Scott Rozelle
Health Affairs , 2012
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Journal Articles

China’s New Cooperative Medical Scheme Improved Finances of Township Health Centers but Not the Number of Patients Served

Kimberly Singer Babiarz, Grant Miller, Hongmei Yi, Linxiu Zhang, Scott Rozelle, Kim Singer Babiarz, Grant Miller, Hongmei Yi, Linxiu Zhang, Scott Rozelle
Health Affairs , 2012

China’s New Cooperative Medical Scheme, launched in 2003, was designed to protect rural households from the financial risk posed by health care costs and to increase the use of health care services. This article reports on findings from a longitudinal study of how the program affected the use of health care services, out-of-pocket spending on medical care, and the operations and financial viability of China’s township health centers, which constitute a middle tier of care in between village clinics and county hospitals.

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Journal Articles

New Evidence on the Impact of China’s New Rural Cooperative Medical Scheme and its Implications for Rural Primary Healthcare: Multivariate Difference-in-difference Analysis

Kimberly Singer Babiarz, Grant Miller, Hongmei Yi, Linxiu Zhang, Scott Rozelle, Kim Singer Babiarz, Grant Miller, Hongmei Yi, Linxiu Zhang, Scott Rozelle
BMJ , 2010

Objectives: To determine whether China's New Rural Cooperative Medical Scheme (NCMS), which aims to provide health insurance to 800 million rural citizens and to correct distortions in rural primary care, and the individual policy attributes have affected the operation and use of village health clinics.

Design: We performed a difference-in-difference analysis using multivariate linear regressions, controlling for clinic and individual attributes as well as village and year effects.

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Journal Articles

Health Insurance and Catastrophic Illness: A Report on the New Cooperative Medical System in Rural China

Hongmei Yi, Linxiu Zhang, Kim Singer Babiarz, Scott Rozelle, Scott W. Atlas
Health Economics , 2009

The overall goal of the paper is to understand the progress of the design and implementation of China’s New Cooperative Medical System (NCMS) program between 2004 (the second year of the program) and 2007. In the paper we seek to assess some of the strengths and weaknesses of the program using a panel of national- representative, household survey data that were collected in 2005 and early 2008. According to our data, we confirm the recent reports by the Ministry of Health that there have been substantial improvements to the NCMS program in terms of coverage and participation.

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Books

Family Planning: Program Effects, in Irma Elo and Andrew Foster (volume eds.)

Grant Miller, Kim Singer Babiarz
International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences , 1900
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