Publications

fsi books

Publications

Browse FSI scholarship on geopolitics, global health, energy, cybersecurity and more.

Publications

Filter:

Filter results Close
  • expanded
  • expanded
  • expanded
  • expanded
  • expanded
  • expanded
  • expanded
  • expanded
  • expanded
  • expanded
  • expanded
  • expanded
  • expanded
  • expanded
Kenji E. Kushida
Books

Japan Decides 2017: The Japanese General Election (Book Chapter)

Kenji E. Kushida, Kenji Kushida, Robert J. Pekkanen, Steven R. Reed, Ethan Scheiner, Daniel M. Smith, Et al.
2018

This third volume in the Japan Decides series remains the premier venue for scholarly research on Japanese elections. Spotlighting the 2017 general election, the contributors discuss the election results, party politics, coalition politics with Komeito, the cabinet, constitutional revision, new opposition parties, and Abenomics. Additionally, the volume looks at campaigning, public opinion, media, gender issues and representation, North Korea and security issues, inequality, immigration and cabinet scandals.

Show body
Books

Reinventing Japan: New Directions in Global Leadership (Book Chapter)

Kenji E. Kushida, Martin Fackler, Yoichi Funabashi, Kenji Kushida, Et al.
2018

Highly readable yet deeply researched, this book serves as an essential guide to the many ways in which Japan has risen to become one of the world's most creative and innovative societies.


• Challenges conventional views of Japan as mired in two unproductive "lost decades" by documenting the myriad ways in which the nation has embraced creativity and innovation

• Describes the ways in which Japan has transformed our lives and explains the guiding principles of one of the world's least understood, most vibrantly creative societies

Show body
Working Papers

Abenomics and Japan's Entrepreneurship and Innovation: Is the Third Arrow Pointed in the Right Direction for Global Competition in the Digital Era of Silicon Valley?

Kenji E. Kushida, Kenji Kushida
2018

Given that much of the global leadership in value creation over the past couple of decades has been driven by the Silicon Valley model – not only a geographic region but a distinct ecosystem of complementary characteristics – the basic question this paper asks is how far Japan’s Abenomics reforms are pushing Japan towards being able to compete in an era dominated by Silicon Valley firms. 

Show body
Working Papers

Artificial Intelligence: The Algorithmic Revolution Driving the Next Industrial Transformation

Kenji E. Kushida, Kenji Kushida
2018

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is rapidly becoming one of the underlying drivers of the next wave of industrial transformations. There is every reason to believe that we are on the cusp of a sea change in how human activities and decision-making are transformed by abundant computing power. This research note will provide the basis for understanding the conceptual building blocks and paradigmatic examples of how the development of AI is accelerating, and how its deployment will be transformative. 

Show body
Books

The Future of Blockchain: How it will impact finance, industry, and society (Book Chapter)

Kenji E. Kushida, Naoyuki Iwashita, Kenji Kushida, Yuri Okina, Noriyuki Yanagawa
2017

Kenji Kushida's new book chapter, "Blockchain, a Silicon Valley Vantage on its Potential and Challenges" was published in new book, "The Future of Blockchain: How it will impact finance, industry, and society edited by Yuri Okina, Noriyuki Yanagawa, and Naoyuki Iwashita.

Show body
Working Papers

Innovation and Entrepreneurship in Japan: Why Japan (Still) Matters for Global Competition

Kenji E. Kushida, Kenji Kushida
2017

Through the 1980s, Japan was significant in global competition largely by shaping global technological trajectories, transforming major global industries, and contributing to fundamental innovations in industrial production processes, creating enough wealth along the way to propel Japan to the world’s second largest economy. After the economic bubble burst in the early 1990s, however, other places such as Silicon Valley in the United States, moved to the forefront of transforming technology, industries, and production, creating vast wealth along the way.

Show body
Books

Research Handbook on Digital Transformations (Book Chapter)

Kenji E. Kushida, Kenji Kushida, F. Xavier Olleros, Majlinda Zhegu, Et al.
2016

The digital transition of the world economy is now entering a phase of broad and deep societal impact. While there is one overall transition, there are many different sectoral transformations, from health and legal services to tax reports and taxi rides, as well as a rising number of transversal trends and policy issues, from widespread precarious employment and privacy concerns to market monopoly and cybercrime. This Research Handbook offers a rich and interdisciplinary synthesis of some of the recent research on the digital transformations currently under way.

Show body
Books

The Impact of the Algorithmic Revolution from Silicon Valley: Fintech, IoT, Cloud Computing, AI... What's happening now in the US and what will happen in Japan (Japanese)

Kenji E. Kushida
Asahi Shimbun Publications Inc. , 2016

アルゴリズム革命とは、
情報処理能力の飛躍的向上により、
あらゆる人間活動が計測され
機械によって代替される流れのこと。
Fintech
IoT
Cloud
Computing
AIなど、
シリコンバレーの最先端の動きと
これから日本で起こることを、
スタンフォード大学の研究員がわかりやすく解説。

――目次――
【CHAPTER 1】アルゴリズム革命とAIのインパクト
●シリコンバレーは世界の姿を一変させる
●アルゴリズムで人間の活動を置き換える
●人工知能は人の仕事を奪うのか
●スケールしないビジネスは生き残れない
●次に破壊されるのはどの業界か
★シリコンバレーの強さの秘密1――循環する人材

【CHAPTER 2】クラウド・コンピューティングの本質とは
●クラウドで人類の情報処理能力が豊富なリソースへ
●クラウドは巨大な設備投資で実現
●インフラとしてのクラウドの可能性
●クラウドは安全なのか
●豊富な情報処理能力はコモディティ化の波を作る
●大企業がクラウドを使いこなす日

Show body
Journal Articles

Japan's Startup Ecosystem: From Brave New World to Part of Syncretic "New Japan"

Kenji E. Kushida
Asian Research Policy , 2016

This paper asks the following: what does Japan's startup ecosystem look like now, how did it develop, and where it is headed? These are critical questions because high-growth startup firms are now recognized as potential drivers or growth, innovation, and productivity gains for advanced industrialized countries (Gornall and Strebulaev, 2015; Wiens and Jackson, 2015).

 

Show body
Books

Information Governance in Japan: Towards a New Comparative Paradigm (SVNJ eBook series)

Kenji E. Kushida, Yuko Kasuya, Eiji Kawabata
2016

The history of human civilization has been about managing information, from hunting and gathering through contemporary times. In modern societies, information flows are central to how individuals and societies interact with governments, economies, and other countries. Despite this centrality of information, information governance—how information flows are managed—has not been a central concern of scholarship. We argue that it should be, especially now that digitization has dramatically altered the amount of information generated, how it can be transmitted, and how it can be used.

Show body
Books

The Third Globalization: Can Wealthy Nations Stay Rich In The Twenty-First Century? (Book Chapter)

Kenji E. Kushida, Zysman, John, Stuart Feldman, Kenji E. Kushida, Jonathan Murray, Niels Christian Nielsen, and Dan Breznitz
2016

Chapter 4 of this book "Services with Everything: The ICT-Enabled Digital Transformation of Services" was written by John Zysman, Stuart Feldman, Kenji E. Kushida, Jonathan Murray, and Niels Christian Nielsen. The book is edited by Dan Breznitz and John Zysman.

 

 

Show body
Working Papers

A Strategic Overview of the Silicon Valley Ecosystem: Towards Effectively “Harnessing” Silicon Valley

Kenji E. Kushida, Kenji E. Kushida
2016

This report provides an overview of the Silicon Valley ecosystem. It draws upon existing scholarship and original insights to derive a picture that is only partially well-known in Japan. Characteristics such as the critical role of large firms for the startup firm ecosystem, the role of Japanese firms in creating the US firms’ “open innovation” paradigm, and the severe lack of local government coordination in providing public transportation creating opportunities for disruptive startups such as Uber, are all aspects of Silicon Valley that are not well-known in Japan.

Show body
Working Papers

Institutional Foundations for Innovation-Based Economic Growth

Takeo Hoshi, Kenji E. Kushida, Richard Dasher, Nobuyuki Harada, Tetsuji Okazaki
National Institute for Research Advancement (NIRA) , 2015

Innovation is essential for the growth of a matured economy like Japan. This report examines the institutional foundations of innovation-based economic growth and explores the role of Japanese government in encouraging innovation by Japanese companies and entrepreneurs. We start by summarizing eleven elements that characterize the ecosystem of Silicon Valley, which is often considered to be the best example of innovation-based economy. We then discuss how those elements fit with six institutional foundations that support the innovation-based economic growth.

Show body
Journal Articles

Cloud Computing: From Scarcity to Abundance

Kenji Kushida, Jonathan Murray, John Zysman
Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade , 2015

Cloud computing is a revolution in computing architecture, transforming not only the “where” (location) of computing, but also the “how” (the manner in which software is produced and the tools available for the automation of business processes). Cloud computing emerged as we transitioned from an era in which underlying computing resources were both scarce and expensive to an era in which the same resources were cheap and abundant. There are many ways to implement cloud architectures, and most people are familiar with public cloud services such as Gmail or Facebook.

Show body
Journal Articles

The Politics of Commoditization in Global ICT Industries: A Political Economy Explanation of the Rise of Apple, Google, and Industry Disruptors

Kenji E. Kushida
Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade , 2015

The global Information and Communications Technologies (ICT) industry has experienced a rapid, radical reorganization of industry leaders and business models—most recently in mobile. New players Apple and Google abruptly redefined the industry, bringing a wave of commoditization to carriers and equipment manufacturers. Technologies, corporate strategies, and industry structures are usually the first places to look when explaining these industry disruptions, but this paper argues that it was actually a set of political bargains during initial phases of telecommunications liberalization, which differed across countries, that set the trajectories of development in motion. This paper shows how different sets of winners and losers of domestic and regional commoditization battles emerged in various ICT industries around the world. Carriers won in Japan, equipment manufacturers in Europe, and eventually, computer services industry actors rather than communications firms emerged as winners in the United States. These differences in industry winner outcomes was shaped by the relative political strength of incumbent communications monopolies and their will to remain industry leaders, given the political system and political dynamics they faced during initial liberalization. The U.S. computer services industry, which developed independently of its telecommunications sector due to antitrust and government policy, eventually commoditized all others, both domestically and abroad. This paper contends that a political economy approach, tracing how politics and regulatory processes shaped industry structures, allows for a better understanding of the underlying path dependent processes that shape rapidly changing global technological and industry outcomes, with implications beyond ICT.

Show body
Working Papers

The Next Epoch in Cloud Computing: Implications for Integrated Research and Innovation Strategy

Kenji E. Kushida, Jonathan Murray, Patrick Scaglia, John Zysman
The Berkeley Roundtable on the International Economy (BRIE) , 2014
The advent of Cloud computing as the new underlying global infrastructure of computing presents distinctive new opportunities and challenges for Europe. Cloud computing is transforming computing resources from a scarce to an abundant resource, driving a wave of commoditization in previously high-end software and hardware. For Europe to gain independence from US-based global scale Cloud providers, our view is that it needs to move towards a distributed model of computing with federated governance.
Show body
Journal Articles

Public Private Interplay for Next Generation Access Networks: Lessons and Warnings from Japan's Broadband Success

Kenji E. Kushida
Communications & Strategies , 2013

This paper contributes to the discussion of how Public Private Interplay (PPI) can be used to foster Next Generation Access (NGA) buildouts in Europe by introducing the experience of Japan. Japan, which succeeded in both promoting nationwide network buildouts and fostering competitive dynamics that led to the world's fastest and cheapest broadband services and deploying them nationwide. The process entailed deregulation, which unleashed new entrepreneurial private actors, and re-regulation that protected them from incumbent carriers.

Show body
Books

Syncretism: The Politics of Economic Restructuring and System Reform in Japan

Kenji E. Kushida, Kay Shimizu, Jean C. Oi
Walter H. Shorenstein Asia-Pacific Research Center , 2013

Japan’s first decade of the twenty-first century was both disappointing and bewildering, producing wildly contrasting evaluations. Many have come to call this period the “second lost decade,” characterized by policy paralysis and overall lackluster economic growth.

For those studying Japan more closely, however, the same decades reveal nothing short of a broad transformation in numerous core tenets of Japan’s postwar political economy. How can we best capture this transformation?

Show body
Books

Japan under the DPJ: The Politics of Transition and Governance

Kenji E. Kushida, Phillip Lipscy
Walter H. Shorenstein Asia-Pacific Research Center , 2013

The Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ) came to power in 2009 with a commanding majority, ending fifty years of almost uninterrupted Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) rule. Then, in 2012, just over three years later, the DPJ lost power in an equally stunning landslide loss to the LDP. This volume examines the DPJ’s remarkable ascendance, its policies once in power, and its dramatic fall.

Show body
Journal Articles

Industrial Policy Reconsidered in a Digital World

Kenji E. Kushida, John Zysman
Japan Spotlight , 2013

In our current era, the advent of digital technologies and accelerating globalization is driving ever-faster commoditization of firms and products.  With rapidly improving Information and Communications Technology (ICT) tools, manufacturing is decomposed with finer granularity, and corporate functions can be outsourced and offshored more than ever before.  Services can be unbundled into activities that can be taken apart, reconfigured, and transformed with the application of algorithms.  Overall, firms are experiencing accelerating shifts in the sweet-spot for markets and business models in

Show body
Journal Articles

The Fukushima Disaster and Japan's Nuclear Plant Vulnerability in Comparative Perspective

Phillip Lipscy, Kenji E. Kushida, Trevor Incerti
Environmental Science & Technology , 2013

We consider the vulnerability of nuclear power plants to a disaster like the one that occurred at Fukushima Daiichi. Examination of Japanese nuclear plants affected by the earthquake and tsunami on March 11, 2011 shows that three variables were crucial at the early stages of the crisis: plant elevation, sea wall elevation, and location and status of backup generators. Higher elevations for these variables, or waterproof protection of backup generators, could have mitigated or prevented the disaster.

Show body
Journal Articles

The Fukushima Nuclear Disaster and the DPJ: Leadership, Structures, and Information Challenges During the Crisis

Kenji E. Kushida
Japanese Political Economy , 2013

The Fukushima nuclear disaster was a critical juncture in the world’s relationship with nuclear energy, as well as Japan’s postwar political economy, society, and national psyche. The DPJ, and particularly Prime Minister Kan, were later widely criticized for mismanaging the disaster, contributing to the party’s loss of power. This paper closely examines the crisis as it unfolded, assessing the degree to which the government’s chaotic response can be attributed to the DPJ’s political leadership.

Show body
Books

Services with Everything: The ICT-Enabled Digital Tranformation of Services

Kenji E. Kushida, Stuart Feldman, Jonathan Murray, John Zysman, Niels Christian Nielsen
Oxford University Press in "The Third Globalization: Can Wealthy Nations Stay Rich in the Twenty-First Century?" , 2013

A fundamental transformation of services is underway, driven by developments in information and communications technology (ICT) tools, the uses to which they are being put, and the networks on which they run. Services were once considered a sinkhole of the economy, immune to significant technological or organizational productivity increases. Now, they are widely recognized as a source of productivity growth and dynamism in the economy that is changing the structure of employment, the division of labor, and the character of work and its location.

Show body
Journal Articles

Syncretism: The Politics of Japan’s Financial Reforms

Kenji Kushida, Kaoru (Kay) Shimizu
Socio-Economic Review , 2013

This paper examines how diversely organized capitalist societies evolve by analyzing the transformation of Japan’s financial system since the 1990s. The banking, securities and insurance, as well as the postal financial institutions changed significantly, but are hardly converging to Anglo-American or ‘liberal market’ models. The authors contend that Japan’s new financial system is best characterized as syncretic, with new, traditional and hybrid forms of practices, organizations and norms coexisting.

Show body
Working Papers

Japan’s Fukushima Nuclear Disaster: Narrative, Analysis, and Recommendations

Kenji E. Kushida
Shorenstein APARC Working Paper Series , 2012

This report provides one of the first coherent, readable narratives of the Fukushima nuclear disaster—what happened in the first few days. It is based on new sources available in Japanese and National Diet testimonies, and is an objective overview of events as they unfolded, rather than an ideologically positioned effort of advocacy. The report goes on to analyze the institutional and governance aspects of Japan’s nuclear oversight, highlighting the fundamental problems that surfaced during the disaster that stem from deeper structural issues.

Show body

Pages