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Browse FSI scholarship on geopolitics, global health, energy, cybersecurity and more.

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Journal Article

Developing Instruments to Assess and Compare the Quality of Engineering Education: The Case of China and Russia

Elena Kardanova, Prashant Loyalka, Igor Chirikov, Lydia Liu, Guirong Li, Huan Wang, Ekaterina Enchikova, Henry Shi, Natalie Johnson
Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education , 2016
Relatively little is known about differences in the quality of engineering education within and across countries because of the lack of valid instruments that allow for the assessment and comparison of engineering students’ skill gains. The purpose of our study is to develop and validate instruments that can be used to compare student skill gains in mathematics and physics courses in undergraduate engineering programmes across countries. The approach includes procedures to establish construct validity and other necessary psychometric properties. Drawing on data collected from over 24 engineering experts and 3600 engineering students across Russia and China, we establish that it is possible to develop valid, equitable and cross-nationally comparable instruments that can assess and compare skill gains.
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Commentary

Can America and Russia Cooperate in Syria?

Michael A. McFaul, Michael A. McFaul
The Moscow Times , 2016

President Vladimir Putin's decision to intervene in Syria marked a major turning point in Russian foreign policy in 2015. Over the last 15 years, Putin has increasingly relied on the use of military power to achieve his domestic and foreign-policy objectives, starting with the invasion of Chechnya in 1999, then of Georgia in 2008, and then of Ukraine in 2014. Putin's Syria gambit was the logical, if dramatic, next step in Russia's increasingly aggressive foreign policy.

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Commentary

McFaul on Europe, Russia, China, and the Middle East

Michael A. McFaul, Michael A. McFaul
Stanford Political Journal , 2016

Michael McFaul discusses Europe, Russia, China, the Middle East with the Stanford Political Journal.

Read full interview at the Stanford Political Journal.

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Journal Article

Historical Aspirations and Russia’s Pursuit of International Status

Anne Clunan
Communist and Post-Communist Studies , 2015

What determined Russia's national interests and grand strategy in the first decade after the Cold War? This article uses aspirational constructivism, which combines social psychology with constructivism, to answer this question. Central to aspirational constructivism are the roles that the past self and in-groups, and their perceived effectiveness play in the selection of a national identity and the definition of national interests.

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Journal Article

The Gorbachev Anti-Alcohol Campaign and Russia's Mortality Crisis

Jay Bhattacharya, Christina Gathmann, Grant Miller
American Economic Journal: Applied Economics , 2013

Political and economic transition is often blamed for Russia’s 40% surge in deaths between 1990 and 1994 (the “Russian Mortality Crisis”). Highlighting that increases in mortality occurred primarily among alcohol- related causes and among working-age men (the heaviest drinkers), this paper investigates a different explanation: the demise of the 1985-1988 Gorbachev Anti-Alcohol Campaign. We use archival sources to build a new oblast-year data set spanning 1970-2000 and find that:

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Journal Article

Screening and Rapid Molecular Diagnosis of Tuberculosis in Prisons in Russia and Eastern Europe: A Cost-Effectiveness Analysis

DE Winetsky, DM Negoescu, EH DeMarchis, O Almukhamedova, A Dooronbekova, D Pulatov, N Vezhnina, Douglas Owens, Jeremy Goldhaber-Fiebert
PLoS Medicine , 2012

Prisons of the former Soviet Union (FSU) have high rates of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) and are thought to drive general population tuberculosis (TB) epidemics. Effective prison case detection, though employing more expensive technologies, may reduce long-term treatment costs and slow MDR-TB transmission.

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Journal Article

Screening and diagnosis of tuberculosis in prisons in Russia and Eastern Europe: a cost-effectiveness analysis

Winetsky DE, Negoescu DM, Almukhamedova O, DeMarchis E, Dooronbekova A, Pulatov D, Vezhnina N, Zhussupov B, Douglas K. Owens, Jeremy Goldhaber-Fiebert
PLoS Medicine , 2012

Background: Prisons of the former Soviet Union (FSU) have high rates of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) and are thought to drive general population tuberculosis (TB) epidemics. Effective prison case detection, though employing more expensive technologies, may reduce long-term treatment costs and slow MDR-TB transmission.

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Journal Article

Whither Russia? Autocracy Is Here for Now, but Is It Here to Stay?

Kathryn Stoner
Perspectives on Politics , 2012

Judging from some of the titles of recent books on Russia—for example, Richard Sakwa's The Crisis of Russian Democracy, Gulnaz Sharafutdinova's Political Consequences of Crony Capitalism inside Russia, and Tom Remington's The Politics of Inequality in Russia—all is not well 20 years after the collapse of the Soviet Union. Corruption abounds, and state institutions are weak where they should be strong or strong where they should be weak.

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Book

Crime and Punishment in Early Modern Russia

Nancy Kollmann
Cambridge University Press , 2012

This is a magisterial new account of the day-to-day practice of Russian criminal justice in the seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries. Nancy Kollmann contrasts Russian written law with its pragmatic application by local judges, arguing that this combination of formal law and legal institutions with informal, flexible practice contributed to the country's social and political stability. She also places Russian developments in the broader context of early modern European state-building strategies of governance and legal practice.

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Working Paper

Regional Perspectives on Human Rights: The USSR and Russia, Part Two

Betrand M. Patenaude
, 2012

Since 1991, there have been two major phases in Russian history, corresponding roughly to the decades of the 1990s and the 2000s.  Under President Boris Yeltsin (1991-1999), Russia attempted a rapid transition to a market economy and liberal democracy.  Economic “shock therapy,” the transition from a planned and centralized economy to a privatized market economy in one leap, proved to be traumatic for most of the population of the Russian Federation.  On the positive side, these initial years of post-Soviet Russia saw the creation of a new system of laws, a dramatic rise in political

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Working Paper

Regional Perspectives on Human Rights: The USSR and Russia, Part One

Bertrand M. Patenaude
, 2012

The Soviet Union advocated a conception of human rights different from the notion of rights prevalent in the West. Western legal theory emphasized the so-called “negative” rights: that is, rights of individuals against the government. The Soviet system, on the other hand, emphasized that society as a whole, rather than individuals, were the beneficiaries of “positive” rights: that is, rights from the government.

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Working Paper

The Gorbachev anti-alcohol campaign and Russia's mortality crisis

Jay Bhattacharya, Christina Gathmann, Grant Miller
NBER , 2011

Political and economic transition is often blamed for Russia’s 40% surge in deaths between 1990 and 1994. Highlighting that increases in mortality occurred primarily among alcohol-related causes and among working-age men (the heaviest drinkers), this paper investigates an alternative explanation: the demise of the 1985-1988 Gorbachev Anti-Alcohol Campaign.

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Working Paper

The Trilateral Process: The United States, Ukraine, Russia and Nuclear Weapons

Steven Pifer
Brookings Institution , 2011

When the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991, Ukraine had the world’s third largest nuclear arsenal on its territory.  When Ukrainian-Russian negotiations on removing these weapons from Ukraine appeared to break down in September 1993, the U.S. government engaged in a trilateral process with Ukraine and Russia.  The result was the Trilateral Statement, signed in January 1994, under which Ukraine agreed to transfer the nuclear warheads to Russia for elimination.

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Journal Article

Russia's Nuclear Forces: Between Disarmament and Modernization

Pavel Podvig
Proliferation Papers , 2011

As Russia and the United States reduce their nuclear arsenals, their relationship has undergone a complex transformation toward cooperation and partnership mixed with suspicion and rivalry, writes Pavel Podvig in a new paper. "The focus of Russia’s nuclear policy, however, has remained essentially unchanged."

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