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Republicanism, Liberalism, and Empire in Post-revolutionary France

Commentary / July 10, 2013

The republican tradition continues to frame French debates on empire, as it has done since the Revolution. French republicanism and Anglophone liberalism have shared numerous features in relation to empire: both are egalitarian traditions of moral universalism, and both uphold an ideal of political emancipation that has tended to entail assimilation to a European political model.

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Open Borders and the Claims of Community

Commentary / July 10, 2013

In this paper (which is a chapter from a book manuscript on the ethics of immigration), Carens explore the principled challenges to open borders that grow out of concerns for community. He begins with the claim that our moral commitments to freedom and equality apply only within the boundaries of the state. Next I consider the relationship between sovereignty and immigration. Carens then turn to the threats that some say free movement would pose to national security, to democratic values, and to public order.

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An Equilibrium Model of the African HIV/AIDS Epidemic

Commentary / July 10, 2013

An equilibrium search model of the Malawian HIV/AIDS epidemic is presented. Individuals engage in di¤erent types of sexual activity, which vary in their riskiness. When choosing a sexual activity, such as short-term sex without a condom, a person rationally considers its risk. A simulated version of the model is parameterized to match some salient facts about the Malawian epidemic.

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The Consequences Matter - But to What?

Commentary / July 10, 2013

This paper is part of a larger project on how we should regulate conduct that is socially productive, but poses some risk of harm to others. The official technique for risk regulation in the modern administrative state is some form of cost/benefit analysis: we tote up the expected social benefits and expected social costs of alternative courses of conduct, and opt for that course that is expected to generate the largest aggregate benefits (net of costs). There is a vast and growing critical literature on the normative, conceptual, and administrative problems with cost/benefit analysis.

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A Typological Analysis of Democratic Legitimacy: the Asian Cases

Commentary / July 10, 2013

A well-known puzzle in the study of Asian democratization is the inverse relationship between the level of democracy and the support for the "D" word. According to the latest Asian Barometer survey, Thailand, China, Vietnam, Mongolia, and Cambodia have a much higher level of overt support for democracy than those well-recognized democracies such as Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan. To unravel this puzzle, the authors develop a new regression method for the two-dimensional typological analysis including the "D" word and the liberal democratic attitude.

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Exporting U.S. Criminal Justice

Commentary / July 10, 2013
In the years leading up to and following the end of the Cold War, the U.S. government embarked on a new legal transplant project, carried out through the foreign promotion of U.S. criminal justice techniques, procedures, and transnational crime priorities. Over the course of the 1990s, U.S. foreign criminal justice development initiatives rapidly expanded. This Article seeks to answer two questions, which to date remain largely unaddressed in the relevant scholarly literatures: Why, in the Cold War's wake, when the U.S.
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Is it Safe for Transitoligists and Consolidologists to Travel to the Middle East and North Africa?

Commentary / July 10, 2013

One of the routine assumptions of students of democratization has been that there is a close, causal relationship between liberalization and democratization. The former is said to drive those who concede it toward convoking credible elections and, eventually, tolerating ruler accountability to citizens. The link between those processes of regime transformation is alleged to be the mobilization of civil society.

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Toleration and Politics

Commentary / July 10, 2013
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Taiwan's Diplomatic Policy under the MA Ying-jeou Administration

Commentary / July 10, 2013

In this panel discussion, three leading scholars in the field of China and Taiwan studies examined recent developments and future prospects for Taiwan's participation in international organizations, from the World Health Assembly to a range of other UN-affiliated and other international organizations (including new and less formal groupings such as the Community of Democracies).  More broadly, this panel discussion will examine how Taiwan is now trying to, and might in the near future, engage the international community and international organizations, in an era when relations across the st

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Better Governance for Better Health

Commentary / July 10, 2013

On April 26 and 27, the Center for Democracy, Development and Rule of Law (CDDRL) and the Center for Health Policy (CHP-PCOR) at Stanford University will hold a two-day conference on Governance and Health. The conference aims to bring together political scientists, economists, medical doctors, and health policy experts seeking to provide better answers as to how governance may hinder or improve health in developing countries.

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Luck, Responsibility and Interpersonal Comparisons

Commentary / July 10, 2013

A much-discussed question in political philosophy concerns the selection of a metric for interpersonal comparisons. Person's respective social positions can be construed in terms of their welfare, resources, opportunities, or some other distributive share. Much of this debate has been governed by considerations relating to responsibility and luck. This paper explores some of the problems surrounding responsibility.

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Political Reform in the Arab World: Problems and Prospects

Commentary / July 10, 2013

On May 10-11, 2010 the Program on Good Governance and Political Reform in the Arab World at CDDRL held its international inaugural conference. In line with the Arab Reform Program's vision, the conference featured internationally renowned scholars, activists, and practitioners from the Arab world, Europe and the United States.

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Local Maladies, Global Remedies: Rethinking Right to Health Duties

Commentary / July 10, 2013

Access to life-saving pharmaceuticals and medical treatments is a nagging problem for millions of Latin Americans. In several countries of the region, judicial actions for the protection of basic rights have proved to be instrumental for gaining access to such goods. Brazil and Colombia are, allegedly, the two Latin American countries with the largest number of right to health cases.

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Trends in the Strategic Triangle: U.S.-China-Taiwan Relations in the Coming Decade

Commentary / July 10, 2013

The symposium brought together scholars and current and former government officials from Taiwan, China, and US to take stock of cross-strait relations over the past decade. It will also assess the future development of cross-strait interactions from different angles including economic, political, and security perspectives.

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Seize the Day, Seize the Data: Tech-Enabled Moments of Opportunity in Closed Societies

Commentary / July 10, 2013

The abrupt fall of an authoritarian regime often surprises the world with apparent suddenness.  Given the right moment of opportunity, skillfully applied pressure can prove a thuggish regime surprisingly brittle. However, these moments are prepared through a long struggle for democratic rights within a closed society. Technology can help create these openings, organize activists, document abuses and share information in the moment that the eyes of the world are watching.

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