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Health and Medicine

Health and Medicine

FSI’s researchers assess health and medicine through the lenses of economics, nutrition and politics. They’re studying and influencing public health policies of local and national governments and the roles that corporations and nongovernmental organizations play in providing health care around the world. Scholars look at how governance affects citizens’ health, how children’s health care access affects the aging process and how to improve children’s health in Guatemala and rural China. They want to know what it will take for people to cook more safely and breathe more easily in developing countries.

FSI professors investigate how lifestyles affect health. What good does gardening do for older Americans? What are the benefits of eating organic food or growing genetically modified rice in China? They study cost-effectiveness by examining programs like those aimed at preventing the spread of tuberculosis in Russian prisons. Policies that impact obesity and undernutrition are examined; as are the public health implications of limiting salt in processed foods and the role of smoking among men who work in Chinese factories. FSI health research looks at sweeping domestic policies like the Affordable Care Act and the role of foreign aid in affecting the price of HIV drugs in Africa.

Recent Scholarly Publications

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Breast density notification legislation and breast cancer stage at diagnosis: early evidence from the SEER registry

November 2016

BackgroundTwenty-eight states have passed breast density notification laws, which require physicians to inform women of a finding of dense breasts on mammography.ObjectiveTo evaluate changes in...

The Weaker Sex? Vulnerable Men, Resilient Women, and Variations in Sex Differences in Mortality since 1900

November 2016

Abstract. Sex differences in mortality (SDIM) vary over time and place as a function of social, health, and medical circumstances.

Sources of variation in under-5 mortality across sub-Saharan Africa: a spatial analysis

October 2016

The ongoing decline in under-5 mortality ranks among the most significant public and population health successes of the past 30 years.

Safety of Spectacles for Children's Vision: A Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial

October 2016

Abstract:PurposeTo study safety of children's glasses in rural China, where fear that glasses harm vision is an important barrier for families and policy makers.DesignExploratory analysis from a...

Who are China's Rural Clinicians?

October 2016

Abstract:PurposeThe purpose of this paper is to measure the turnover (or stability in employment) of village clinicians in rural China over the past decade.

The New Rural Social Pension Program in Rural China: Participation and its Correlates

October 2016

Abstract:Purpose The need for a universal rural pension system has been heightened by demographic changes in rural China, including the rapid aging of the nation’s rural population and a dramatic...

Adult child migration and elderly parental health in rural China

October 2016

Abstract:PurposeThe purpose of this paper is to evaluate the effect of adult children migration on the health status of elderlyparents.

Impact of Free Glasses and a Teacher Incentive on Children's Use of Eyeglasses: A Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial

October 2016

Abstract:PurposeTo study the effect of free glasses combined with teacher incentives on in-school glasses wear among Chinese urban migrant children.DesignCluster-randomized controlled trial...

Trends and determinants of rural residential solid waste collection services in China

October 2016

Abstract:PurposeThe purpose of this paper is to describe the trends in residential solid waste collection (RSWC) services in rural China over the past decade and analyze the determinants of these...

The Weaker Sex? Vulnerable Men, Resilient Women, and Variations in Sex Differences in Mortality since 1900

October 2016

Sex differences in mortality (SDIM) vary over time and place as a function of social, health, and medical circumstances.

Cost-effectiveness of improvements in diagnosis and treatment accessibility for tuberculosis control in India

September 2016

SETTING:Inaccurate diagnosis and inaccessibility of care undercut the effectiveness of high-quality anti-tuberculosis treatment and select for resistance.

Predicting inpatient clinical order patterns with probabilistic topic models vs conventional order sets

September 2016

ObjectiveBuild probabilistic topic model representations of hospital admissions processes and compare the ability of such models to predict clinical order patterns as compared to preconstructed...

Outcomes of notifications to health practitioner boards: a retrospective cohort study

August 2016

BackgroundMedical boards and other practitioner boards aim to protect the public from unsafe practice.

It’s not what you say, it’s how you say it: Communicating Nipah virus prevention messages during an outbreak in Bangladesh

August 2016

BackgroundDuring a fatal Nipah virus (NiV) outbreak in Bangladesh, residents rejected biomedical explanations of NiV transmission and treatment and lost trust in the public healthcare system.

Risk selection and heterogeneous preferences in health insurance markets with a public option

July 2016

Abstract:  Conventional wisdom suggests that if private health insurance plans compete alongside a public option, they may endanger the latter's financial stability by cream-skimming good risks....

Test Case Selection in Pre-Deployment Testing of Complex Clinical Decision Support Systems

July 2016

Clinical decision support (CDS) systems with complex logic are being developed. Ensuring the quality of CDS is imperative, but there is no consensus on testing standards.

Policy Challenges from Demographic Change in China and India

July 2016

The world’s two most populous countries face numerous policy challenges from rapid demographic change.

Quality Indicator Development for Positive Screen Follow-up for Sickle Cell Disease and Trait

July 2016

Extensive variation exists in the follow-up of positive screens for sickle cell disease.

Cost-Effectiveness of Percutaneous Closure of the Left Atrial Appendage in Atrial Fibrillation Based on Results From PROTECT AF Versus PREVAIL

June 2016

Background—Randomized trials of left atrial appendage (LAA) closure with the Watchman device have shown varying results, and its cost effectiveness compared with anticoagulation has not been...

Maternal Health Services in China’s Western Rural Areas: Uptake and Correlates

May 2016

Abstract: PurposeMany public health systems have struggled with the dual questions of: why the uptake rate of maternal health (MH) services is low among some subpopulations; and how to raise it....

To Board or Not to Board: Evidence from Nutrition, Health and Education Outcomes of Students in Rural China

May 2016

Abstract: The debate over whether boarding school is benefi cial for students still exists in both developing and developed countries.

Impact of a Teacher Incentive on Children’s Use of Eyeglasses: A Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial

April 2016

AbstractPurpose: The impact of school-time wear of glasses on children’s education has been shown to be limited by lack of regular compliance in half or more of children, even when free glasses are...

Population Prevalence of Vision Impairment and Spectacle Wear Among Urban Migrant Children in China

April 2016

AbstractPurpose: Urban migrants now number some 300 million in China and often have poor access to healthcare.

Nutritional Deficiencies, the Absence of Information and Caregiver Failures: A Qualitative Analysis of Infant Feeding Practices in Rural China

April 2016

AbstractBackground and ObjectivesDevelopment during the first two years of life is critical and has a lasting impact on a child’s health.

People

Rosamond L. Naylor Senior Fellow William Wrigley Professor of Earth System Science, Senior Fellow, Stanford Woods Institute, Senior Fellow, Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies, Professor, by courtesy, Economics
Alberto Díaz-Cayeros Senior Fellow Professor, by courtesy, Political Science
Michele Barry Senior Fellow, by courtesy Professor, Medicine
Jay Bhattacharya Senior Fellow, by courtesy Professor, Medicine (CHP/PCOR)
Grant Miller Senior Fellow Associate Professor, Medicine (CHP/PCOR)
David Relman Senior Fellow Professor, Medicine, Professor, Microbiology and Immunology
Douglas K. Owens Senior Fellow Professor, Medicine (CHP/PCOR)
Scott Rozelle Senior Fellow
Stephen P. Luby Senior Fellow Professor, Medicine (CHP/PCOR)
Paul H. Wise Senior Fellow Professor, Pediatrics (CHP/PCOR)
Matthew Kohrman Senior Fellow, by courtesy Associate Professor, Anthropology
Pascaline Dupas Senior Fellow Associate Professor, Economics, Senior Fellow, SIEPR