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Health and Medicine

Health and Medicine

FSI’s researchers assess health and medicine through the lenses of economics, nutrition and politics. They’re studying and influencing public health policies of local and national governments and the roles that corporations and nongovernmental organizations play in providing health care around the world. Scholars look at how governance affects citizens’ health, how children’s health care access affects the aging process and how to improve children’s health in Guatemala and rural China. They want to know what it will take for people to cook more safely and breathe more easily in developing countries.

FSI professors investigate how lifestyles affect health. What good does gardening do for older Americans? What are the benefits of eating organic food or growing genetically modified rice in China? They study cost-effectiveness by examining programs like those aimed at preventing the spread of tuberculosis in Russian prisons. Policies that impact obesity and undernutrition are examined; as are the public health implications of limiting salt in processed foods and the role of smoking among men who work in Chinese factories. FSI health research looks at sweeping domestic policies like the Affordable Care Act and the role of foreign aid in affecting the price of HIV drugs in Africa.

Recent Scholarly Publications

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Modeling Public Health and Healthcare Systems

November 2017

From federal reforms to hospital management, the road to better and more cost-effective healthcare is paved with difficult questions: How do we reduce wait times?

Secret Cures of Slaves: People, Plants, and Medicine in the Eighteenth-Century Atlantic World

October 2017

In the natural course of events, humans fall sick and die.

Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) Participation and Health Care Expenditures Among Low-Income Adults

September 2017

ObjectiveTo determine whether the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), which addresses food insecurity, can reduce health care expenditures.Main Outcomes and MeasuresTotal health care...

Drug-Free Interventions to Reduce Pain or Opioid Consumption After Total Knee Arthroplasty A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

September 2017

To systematically review and meta-analyze evidence of nonpharmacological interventions for postoperative pain management after total knee arthroplasty.

Family Ruptures, Stress, and the Mental Health of the Next Generation

September 2017

This paper studies how in utero exposure to maternal stress from family ruptures affects later mental health.

Mortality In Rural China Declined As Health Insurance Coverage Increased, But No Evidence The Two Are Linked

September 2017

Health insurance holds the promise of improving population health and survival and protecting people from catastrophic health spending.

High Levels Of Capitation Payments Needed To Shift Primary Care Toward Proactive Team And Nonvisit Care

September 2017

Capitated payments in the form of fixed monthly payments to cover all of the costs associated with delivering primary care could encourage primary care practices to transform the way they deliver...

Protecting unauthorized immigrant mothers improves their children’s mental health

August 2017

The United States is embroiled in a debate about whether to protect or deport its estimated 11 million unauthorized immigrants, but the fact that these immigrants are also parents to more than 4...

Tuskegee and the Health of Black Men

August 2017

For forty years, the Tuskegee Study of Untreated Syphilis in the Negro Male passively monitored hundreds of adult black males with syphilis despite the availability of effective treatment.

Ten years after the financial crisis: The long reach of austerity and its global impacts on health

June 2017

The global financial crisis starting in 2007 prompted national governments around the world, and notably many within the European Union, to implement austerity measures.

Malaria control adds to the evidence for health aid effectiveness

June 2017

The new United States administration’s first budget proposal, previewed in March and released in May, 2017, includes deep cuts to foreign aid, cycling this thorny issue back into the American...

Every Breath You Take — Every Dollar You’ll Make: The Long-Term Consequences of the Clean Air Act of 1970

June 2017

This paper examines the long-term impacts of early childhood exposure to air pollution on adult outcomes using U.S. administrative data.

Association Between Women’s Empowerment and Maternal and Child Nutrition in Kalale District of Northern Benin

April 2017

Women empowerment (WE) is increasingly viewed as an important strategy to reduce maternal and child undernutrition,1–3 which continues to be a major health burden in low- and middle-income...

Signing Up New Fathers: Do Paternity Establishment Initiatives Increase Marriage, Parental Investment, and Child Well-Being?

April 2017

With nearly half of U.S. births occurring out of wedlock, understanding how parents navigate their relationship options is important.

Different Strokes for Different Folks: Experimental Evidence on the Effectiveness of Input and Output Incentive Contracts for Maternal Health Care in India

March 2017

Technological Progress and Health Convergence: The Case of Penicillin in Post-War Italy

March 2017

Personality Traits and Performance Contracts: Evidence from a Field Experiment among Maternity Care Providers in India

March 2017

We study how agents respond to performance incentives according to key personality traits (conscientiousness and neuroticism) through a field experiment offering financial incentives for improving...

Effect of a Social Franchising and Telemedicine Programme on Health Care Providers’ Knowledge of, and Quality of Care for, Childhood Diarrhoea and Pneumonia in Bihar, India

March 2017

Objective To evaluate the impact on the quality of the care provided for childhood diarrhoea and pneumonia in Bihar, India of a large-scale, social franchising and telemedicine programme– the World...

Breast density notification legislation and breast cancer stage at diagnosis: early evidence from the SEER registry

November 2016

BackgroundTwenty-eight states have passed breast density notification laws, which require physicians to inform women of a finding of dense breasts on mammography.ObjectiveTo evaluate changes in...

The Weaker Sex? Vulnerable Men, Resilient Women, and Variations in Sex Differences in Mortality since 1900

November 2016

Abstract. Sex differences in mortality (SDIM) vary over time and place as a function of social, health, and medical circumstances.

The New Rural Social Pension Program in Rural China: Participation and its Correlates

October 2016

Abstract:Purpose The need for a universal rural pension system has been heightened by demographic changes in rural China, including the rapid aging of the nation’s rural population and a dramatic...

Adult child migration and elderly parental health in rural China

October 2016

Abstract:PurposeThe purpose of this paper is to evaluate the effect of adult children migration on the health status of elderlyparents.

Impact of Free Glasses and a Teacher Incentive on Children's Use of Eyeglasses: A Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial

October 2016

Abstract:PurposeTo study the effect of free glasses combined with teacher incentives on in-school glasses wear among Chinese urban migrant children.DesignCluster-randomized controlled trial...

People

Paul H. Wise Senior Fellow Professor, Pediatrics (CHP/PCOR)
Matthew Kohrman Senior Fellow, by courtesy Associate Professor, Anthropology
Pascaline Dupas Senior Fellow Associate Professor, Economics, Senior Fellow, SIEPR
Alberto Díaz-Cayeros Senior Fellow Professor, by courtesy, Political Science
Michele Barry Senior Fellow, by courtesy Professor, Medicine
Jay Bhattacharya Senior Fellow, by courtesy Professor, Medicine (CHP/PCOR)
Grant Miller Senior Fellow Associate Professor, Medicine (CHP/PCOR)
David Relman Senior Fellow Professor, Medicine, Professor, Microbiology and Immunology
Douglas K. Owens Senior Fellow Professor, Medicine (CHP/PCOR)
Scott Rozelle Senior Fellow
Stephen P. Luby Senior Fellow Professor, Medicine (CHP/PCOR)
Randall S. Stafford Professor, Medicine